15 weeks pregnant – Ultrasound, Symptoms, Belly Pictures
At 15 weeks pregnant, the baby begins moving its elbows and kicking with its tiny legs. The mother, in her fourth month of pregnancy, may not yet feel these sensations. You may however experience some dental problems.
15 weeks pregnant: The baby: The baby is undergoing a lot of changes. This may somehow take your mind off the havoc that the pregnancy-related hormones are playing on your body. The baby is nearly the size of a pear; the eyes are migrating towards the front section of the face; the ears have moved to the sides of the head; and the growing baby is able to wiggle its toes and fingers, and commence the respiratory movements that are essential for an effective and vibrant life outside of the womb.
15 weeks pregnant: The mother’s body: The pregnancy-associated hormones can be quite discomforting for the body, particularly for the gums and teeth. It causes oral inflammation and thus increases the vulnerability of the gums and teeth to bacteria and plaque. The gums which were super healthy, tend to become extra-sensitive and disposed to bleeding. Additionally, the surge of progesterone across the body may result in varied problems such as a persistently stuffy nose, or nosebleeds. These are all temporary issues and eventually tend to go away on their own.
Symptoms at 15 weeks pregnant
Some of the signs and symptoms commonly occurring at 15 weeks pregnant are discussed below:
Flatulence: Two kinds of hormones, i.e. progesterone and relaxin, carry out the function of relaxing all the different muscles in the body to accommodate the growing baby. Flatulence or increased production of gas is caused due to relaxation of the gastrointestinal tract muscles. Expectant mothers should avoid the intake of varied foods that induce excess gas such as cabbage, broccoli, fried foods, and beans, etc.
Indigestion or heartburn: The increased appetite tends to cause you to consume large quantities of food, all at one go. This can result in indigestion or heartburn. You may protect yourself against the upward flow of gastric juices and gastrointestinal problems by consuming many small meals all through the day, instead of just 3 to 4 large meals a day. Doing so will also prevent increased workload on the digestive system.
Bloating: The hormones responsible for relaxation of the gastrointestinal system and eventual increase in production of gas can also cause bloating. One of the best ways to resolve boating is by taking some time out and getting a relaxing pedicure or a pampered massage. Stress can also result in swallowing of air, throughout the day as well as during meals, thereby increasing bloating. Additionally, a massage or other relaxation options, is something that will enjoy as well.
Achiness in the lower abdomen: At 15 weeks pregnant, the growing uterus causes excessive stretching of the ligaments and muscles that support it. This may lead to slight pain on the sides of the lower belly. Medically referred to as ‘round ligament pain,’ lower abdominal achiness during pregnancy is considered normal. You may however seek medical help if such pain becomes more intense.
Occasional dizziness or fainting: The hormonal changes and increased needs of the body can also cause fainting spells or dizziness. It is important to sit or lie down whenever you are feeling light-headed. This will prevent you from becoming unconscious and falling down. If you are unable to find a spot to sit down, then kneel and bend the head forward, as if you were trying to tie the shoelaces.
Sporadic headaches: At 15 weeks pregnant, headaches can arise due to a number of reasons such as fatigue, hormones, tension, etc. You may alleviate such pain by placing a cool compress on the back of the neck or on the forehead and later sit in a quiet, darkened room.
Varicose veins: Varicose veins during pregnancy are generally harmless. You may use their presence as a valid excuse to take some time out, sit down, and relax while others help out with the chores. You may keep your feet in an elevated position to improve the blood circulation and thus decrease the pressure currently being exerted on the veins in the lower limbs.
Tips on how to gain the right amount of weight after 15 weeks pregnant
Expectant mothers may have gained a lot of pounds in the first trimester due to overloading with comfortable carbs, or you may have hardly gained a pound due to constant visits to the toilet. However, it is important to start gaining weight at the start of the second trimester to support the increasing need for space and nutrition by your growing baby.
On an average, you may gain about one pound per week. You may gain half a pound the first week, and a pound and a half the next week. But ensure that you gain about 4 pounds per month. You may visit a doctor for regular checkups about the weight, or you may weigh yourself at home. It is however essential to check your weight consistently, under the same conditions and about the same time.
15 weeks pregnant – what does the ultrasound show?
You will see that the eyebrows and the scalp hair is beginning to grow. The bones turn even harder. The baby’s body is covered with extremely fine hair, known as lanugo, which sheds before the birth. The ears are developed; the baby can hear your voice, which it recognizes after it arrives. The baby is found to acquire the habit of sucking its thumb at this stage.