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5 Common Disorders Associated With Pregnancy

Updated on December 21, 2015

Pregnancy is a time when a woman’s body experiences many changes that include hormonal, physiological. Sometimes, these changes may also be uncomfortable. Sometimes the symptoms may be a sign of something dangerous happening inside the body. Hence in cases of major complications and investigation may be required. Prompt treatment, proper care and education prevent and treat the other minor complications.

Here Are 5 Common Pregnancy Disorders

  1. 1. Nausea

Physiology

Pregnancy may affect food and its digestion and cause minor disorders. Nausea, vomiting and Hyperemesis Gravidarum among others belong to this category.

Hyperemesis Gravidarum is a severe kind of nausea and is characterized when a women loses more than 5 kg of body weight because of vomiting. She would get fearful of eating. At this juncture the body breaks down proteins and makes ketone bodies as there is a dearth of nutrients like fats and carbohydrates. Hormonal and other changes that occur in the body during pregnancy are considered to be the cause of nausea and vomiting during the time period.

Higher levels of HCG or Human Chorionic Gonadotropin hormone, estrogen, sensitive stomach, more sensitivity towards odors and smell and stress cause nausea during pregnancy. Stress increase heart rate, cause blood pressure spikes, increase the flow of adrenaline and induce emotional changes that cause acid reflux and cause nausea.

Symptoms

Symptoms of nausea are not pain causing. Uncomfortable feeling in chest-region, throat, back and upper abdomen area, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, lightheadedness, abdominal pain, feeling of being sick and diarrhea are the symptoms of nausea during pregnancy.

Impact on Life

Nausea hampers the social, family and occupational (job-related) life of pregnant women in an adverse way. Nausea and accompanied vomiting impose a number of life-style limitations on the women during pregnancy and that may have both short and long term affects on their lives and the lives of their family members as well.

Advice and Management

For mild nausea try eating a protein rich diet at night. Cheese, nuts and beans have good amounts of proteins and amino acids. In morning eat dry kita, dry bread, bananas and whole grain foods. Eat in smaller portions and frequently sip liquids like water, fruit juices (without preservatives) etc.

  1. 2. Dysponea

Dysponea or the condition of breath shortness may affect a woman when she is pregnant. The woman is unable to breathe deeply and may gasp for breathe often. The fetus inside grows and may (in some cases) crowd the lung area, thereby preventing the lung from expanding fully. Other physiological conditions can also affect respiration. The blood volume increases during the first tri-semester period of pregnancy. At this juncture, the woman’s blood has lower red cell mass and more plasma volume. The hemocrit value of blood hence falls thereby creating respiratory insufficient and anemia.

Symptoms

Symptoms and sensations of the condition include tightness in the chest area, air hunger and a feeling that the oxygen/air respired is not sufficient.

Impact on Life

Women suffer from short breath and the condition impairs normal life pattern. They cannot carry on with their usual life processes with ease and comfort. They may get tired and fatigued easily and feel exertion while doing daily-routine tasks.

Advice and Management

Dysponea is pretty common in women who near their pregnancy. A reassurance that the sensation will pass on with time will improve the comfort levels and also remove anxiety. Drinking more water can also be beneficial. Women who experience breathlessness and Dysponea at early pregnancy periods must be checked for heart problems, sickness symptoms, poor diet and anemia. A physician must be consulted if any such condition prevails.

  1. 3. Chloasma or Mask of Pregnancy

Chloasma Faciei, Melasma or mask of pregnancy are dark-skin colorations or tans. They mostly affect pregnant woman or the women who are on HRT (hormone replacement therapy) or oral contraceptives.

Physiology

The over production of female sex hormones including progesterone and estrogen during the pregnancy period stimulates the melanocytes. Melanocytes are cells that are found in the upper-epidermal skin layer and produce melanin, a pigment. Melanin is synthesized and produced in the skin cells to tan themselves in order to prevent damage that may be caused by the Ultra Violet (UV) sun rays of the sun.

Symptoms

The irregular, dark, hyper-pigmented and demarcated macules or patches occur on the nose, cheek, upper lip, forehead and lip region of the face. The patches/macules also grow further with time.

Impact

The condition has no other symptom apart from these cosmetic discolorations and has no complication-causing symptoms. Pregnant women may suffer from bad looks during the time period but no adverse physiological and health conditions occur.

Advice

The skin restores itself completely after pregnancy in most cases. If Chloasma still persists after pregnancy the topical ointments contain tretinoin, hydroquinone containing bleaching creams and glycolic acid containing chemical peels and treat the patches and macules fully.

  1. 4. Insomnia

During the first 3 months of pregnancy many women sleep more. The condition is perfectly normal if not accompanied by weakness. Weakness shows that depression, anemia or sickness may be affecting the woman. Insomnia or lesser-sleep condition may also affect a pregnant woman.

Physiology

Pre-birth anxiety and hormonal changes cause Insomnia during pregnancy. Other reasons include heartburn, frequent urination during night and back-pain among others. Sleep deprivation also leads to decrease in immunity, generation of anxiety and poor functioning of glands like adrenal, pituitary and hypothalamus.

Symptoms

Insomnia may also affect certain women during pregnancy. They have short duration sleep and awake after a moment of time. They also fail to go to sleep when awaken.

Impact on Life

Insomnia may cause irritability, anxiousness, aggressive behavior and lesser and poor social interaction among pregnant women and affect their life adversely.

Advice and Management

Posture imbalances may affect sleep. Women during pregnancy can sleep better if she places things like pillow, a blanket (rolled up) or other kinds of padding between her knees and at the lower back area. Herbal teas and a massage given by some else can also better sleep patterns. Dietary changes such as avoidance of coffee, tea and chocolates and inclusion of whole grains, healthy fruits and vegetables in regular meals helps to get a sound sleep.

  1. 5. Forgetfulness

Women may experience forgetfulness and poor memory during the pregnancy time period.

Physiology

As the mother’s nutrients are diverted towards the development of the fetus, the brain and other body areas of mother may face nutritional deficiency during pregnancy is she is not on a well balanced diet. In the second or third tri-semesters, conditions like poor concentration, stress, anxiety and confusion may also arise. The condition improves to normal within a year after the pregnancy.

Symptoms

Asking of same questions, feeling lost at places, not being able to follow directions, negligence of hygiene, nutrition and personal safety among others are signs of forgetfulness.

Impact on Life

The pregnant women would be not able to carry out her daily tasks with precision and perfection because of poor concentration. Poor memory may also cause nutrition and hygiene neglect and may cause other disease.

Advice and Management

A diet full of nutrients (better prepared by a dietitian) helps to treat malnutrition and affects memory in a positive way. Alarms, preparations of must-do lists, cell phone calendar notifications, having fixed places of keeping things like keys etc are the best home remedies.

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