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5 Things You Should Do Against Diabetes

Updated on April 8, 2012

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by an elevated blood sugar (hyperglycemia). It is caused by interactions between genetic and environmental factors. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to organ damage and is a risk factor for different diseases; this makes it a leading cause for morbidity and mortality worldwide. So below is a couple of things you should do against diabetes.

Education

As they say “Knowing your enemy is half the battle won”, same applies to battling against diabetes. Patient education is important so a diabetic would know what to monitor and what to look out for. Education topics usually include monitoring of blood glucose, guideline of diabetes management, insulin administration, foot care and many more. Aside from knowing the disease it is also important to have self-discipline to be able to maximize your battle against the disease.

Diet

Since diabetes is characterized by elevated blood sugar, foods with high sugar or carbohydrate contents are usually discourage among diabetics. Having a couple of chocolate candies can unbalanced the metabolic state of someone who has diabetes, and for some patients it could even lead them to diabetic emergencies like your diabetic ketoacidosis or your hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) has coined the term “Medical nutrition therapy (MNT)” which is described as an optimal coordination of caloric intake together with other aspects of diabetes treatment. A balance intake of fats, protein and carbohydrates together with fruits and vegetables are recommended as a healthy diet for diabetic individuals. It could also achieved weight loss for obese patients which is also important in the battle against diabetes.

Exercise

Aside from its effects on the cardiovascular system, doing exercise could also decrease blood glucose levels. Doing it consistently can generally lower glucose levels and at the same time minimize medications. Aside from controlling sugar levels, exercise could also induced weight loss since most diabetic patients are overweight or obese. Diabetes is also a risk factor for having cardiovascular disease and having regular exercise can help in this part of the battle.

Medications

There are a lot of diabetic medications being sold today, but choosing the right one for the right patient is always the question. Oral hypoglycemics such as your sulfonylureas (glimiperide, glipizide), biguanides (metformin), DP IVinhibitors (sitagliptin, vidagliptin) and Thiazolidinediones (pioglitazone) could all do decent reduction in blood sugar levels. However complications of each drug should be taken into account plus the current renal and hepatic status of the patient should be assess prior to taking medications. If your oral agents are not working or if you’re a type 1 diabetic, insulin administration should be considered. Insulin can decrease your sugar levels in an instant and is usually recommended when facing a diabetic emergency. There are different kinds of insulin, some are short acting for immediate effects, while some are long acting for control purposes. Before taking any medications, consult with your physician is recommended for appropriate therapy.

Co-Morbidities

Diabetes is usually associated with other disease entities like your hypertension and dyslipidemia. Controlling hypertension and decreasing cholesterol levels are equally important to controlling blood glucose as they can also have organ damage. A screening for possible co-morbidities should be done to be able to maximize treatment

With the combination of these five elements, I think you can win against diabetes.

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