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6 Causes Of Brown Teeth

Updated on May 19, 2017

Normally teeth serve vital roles in both preservation and protection of health. This is because it is involved in processes such as nutrition by chewing and socializing by communication hence dental diseases can go a long way in sourcing many problems which include grinding of food in the mouth, swallowing and at times phonation.

Brown Teeth Can Affect One's Self Esteem.

A large amount of people usually get worried when they start noticing some kind of discoloration on their teeth, maybe because this may largely affect their overall physical appearance in one way or another.

What they don’t know is that tooth decay which is normally brought about by tartar produces this discoloration due to inadequate oral care or in some instances involvement in activities which may lead to the discoloration.


Causes of Brown Teeth

Some of the causes of brown teeth include tartar, fluorosis, celiac disease, tobacco, chlorine and genetic defects and hereditary diseases.


Tartar also called calculus is usually a plaque that hardens and forms on the teeth. It is usually found on the upper and lower parts of the gum. Due to its porosity and roughness, it can easily lead to gum disease which is characterised by the brown discolouration of the teeth hence the need of removal by a dentist through usage of special tools.

The plaque causing tartar is usually caused by the mixture of food by products with proteins to enable the formation of the solid sticky film.


Taking excessive fluoride usually causes fluorosis whereby the severity will involve appearance of brown pits on the teeth. This may also happen where one has too much fluoride in the body and this mostly happens in kids whose formation of teeth are still on-going in the gum. More serious fluorosis is usually indicated by a brown discolouration pit or patch.


The celiac disease awareness programme stipulates that those people who suffer from the celiac disease have iron deficiency hence their tooth enamel is poorly developed causing discolouration in the form of brown spots. Usually when one suffers from this disease, which is permanent, the only remedy they take is restoration so as to cover their condition.


Smoking or chewing of tobacco can lead to brown teeth. This is because tobacco contains tar and nicotine which causes bacterial plaque leading to gum disease. It is heavy smokers who adversely show brown teeth after many years of smoking.

There are special ‘whitening’ toothpastes that work effectively in removing stains caused by smoking and are found over the counter.


It’s usually added to tap water as a disinfectant but the amount is not liable to cause dental problems and mostly used to kill bacteria in swimming pools. In some instances, staying for too long in a swimming pool may expose one to a little bit more of the antimicrobial agent which may act a little bit harshly to the enamel. The chlorine erodes the enamel until it disappears bringing about the teeth being discoloured to brown.


Trauma in general can cause discolouration of teeth whereby it causes intrapupal haemorrhage and deposition of iron sulphide on dentinal tubules forming a cast which is seen to be greyish brown when the trauma occurrence is laid over a protracted time period. The discolouration normally occurs where roots of teeth have been fully formed.

Parting Shot

It can be said that taking care of one’s teeth can be the easiest of tasks and still a challenge. This is because one may not be aware that they are putting their teeth at risk to damage by taking substances that are harmful to the existence of the teeth.

Usually a good sign of taking care of the teeth is seen in home remedies such as teeth flossing and sometimes use of mouth wash.

The only basic way to avoid the above is to brush your teeth regularly and see a dentist every once in a while.


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