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How to Recognize the Signs and Symptoms of a Heart Attack.

Updated on August 14, 2014

Heart Attack and Angina

Have you ever heard the term 'small heart attack'? What is a small heart attack? In my vocabulary there is no such thing!!!!! Actually if you are in great shape maybe working out and eating wholesome, low fat foods or walking briskly daily you are building extra networks of blood vessels to your heart that helps to compensate for any occlusions that occur causing a 'small heart attack' . Some people have angina rather than heart attacks.

Angina is caused by a lack of blood supply to the coronary arteries. It is important to find out the cuase of the angina. An electrocardiogram can help the cardiologist to discover the reasons for the angina . If it appears serious your doctor may request a heart catherization that can be done on an outpatient basis.

Some causes of angina can be narrowing of an artery by plaque built up within the coronary arteries.

Other causes are Pleurisy or inflammation of the lining of the lung wall.

Pericarditis or inflammation of the lining of the heart.


Pulmonary emboli which is a blood clot that travels up through the abdomen or lower extremities to the lungs blocking oxygen to the heart. This can be caused by any trauma even childbirth.

Mitral valve Prolapse is a common congenital defect found in north men and women. It can cause pain but not upon exercise as in unstable angina.

Costochondritis is caused by any trauma to to the lungs such as fracture, burise, etc.

Other causes can be bone spurs of the spinal cord, gallstones, panic attacks, shingles and even reflux.

These are some ot the problems that may think you are having a heart attack.

Symptoms of Heart Attacks

Men and women often have different signs and symptoms of a heart attack.

Chest fullness or pressure

faintness or fatigue

Pain in one or both arms, chest, jaw, neck or back

Women are more likely to have strange symptoms like sweating, fatigue and jaw pain.

Risk Factors


High cholesterol

Family History


Lack of exercise



illegal drug use



Treating Angina

How to treat angina. Angina is treated according to what it the cause. If the cause is mild the treatment may be nitroglycerin, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers.

If all these fail and the heart and vessels are dangerously diseased angioplasty and/or coronary artery bypass surgery may be performed. Artery restenosis is diagnosed when the coronary arteries continue to become blocked. Often stents or even drug-eluding stents are very effective at stopping restenosis.

Complications of Heart Attacks.

Arrhythmia's may developed and they can at times be fatal.

Heart Rupture

Heart valve problems

Heart Failure. Heart failure can cause the heart muscle is so damaged it is unable to pump blood to all areas of the body causing swelling of feet. fatigue, and difficulty breathing from fluid building up in the lungs.

Drinks that help Fight Heart Disease

  • coffee
  • Green Tea
  • Black Tea
  • Red Wine
  • Water
  • Pomegranate juice

  • Apples
  • Walnuts
  • Almonds
  • Garbonzo Beans
  • Grapes
  • Blueberries
  • Dark Chocolate
  • Figs
  • Whole Grain Oats

Ways to Prevent a fatal Heart attack

Lower your Cholesterol

Get regular Exercise

Loose weight

Lower stress

Lower your Blood Pressure

Keep Diabetes in Check

Stop Smoking

Talk to your doctor about drugs that might be risk factors

Symptoms of possible Heart Problems

Sleep apnea

Poor Sex Drive

Irregular Heart Rate

Back and/or Shoulder pain

Leg or foot swelling

Bleeding Gums

Signs of Heart Trouble

Cough that will not go away

Coughing up Blood


Chest Pain

Palpitations or feelings of skipped heat rare

Bluish color to extremities

Fatigue or Feeling unwell


Summing it Up

All of the above symptoms and list are quite a lot to take in. Most of it comes down to common sense. We know when our bodies are not acting up to par. The symptoms listed can be something as little as the flu unless they do not go away and are accompanied by many more symptoms. Know your health numbers i.e., blood press, cholesterol, etc

Don't ever be embarrassed to see a doctor when you are fearful of strange symptoms. It is so much better to be checked than to experience a severe stoke or coronary.

We all know by now what our body needs to work well, sleep, exercise, proper diet, down time, etc. With a little common since and the help of your health care provider you can achieve the optimal level of health. Do not indulge in excess in anything you know to be unhealthy such as smoking, overeating, illegal drug use, and alcohol abuse,



Mayo Clinic

American Heart Association


© 2012 Nancy McClintock


Submit a Comment

  • profile image


    3 years ago

    த வ யப ரபந தங கள ல உள ளன 4000 ஸ ல கங கள . அவற ற ல ர மர ர ஃபர ச ய ய ம வர கள ச ல வர ம . அந தந த ப டல ல அந தந த வர ஒர பக த த ன . அவற ற ய ல ல ம ச ர த த , ப றக chronological-ஆக வர ச ப பட த த என ற ல ல ம வ ல கள உண ட . அத ச ய த த ன இந த ர ம யணம உர வ னத . இந த வ ல ய ப ர ம ப ட , எல ல ர ல ம இயல த . ப ர யவ ச ச ன ப ள ள ப ன றவர ல மட ட ம ம ட ய ம . அத வ ட பல மடங க கட னம இப ப த எந த வர எந தப ப டல ல ப ர ந த க றத என பத அற வத .த ர ப ப வ ய ல ச ல ப டல கள ல ர மர பற ற ய வ ர த த வந த ர க க ம , ஆன ல த ர ப ப வ ய க ர ஷ ண வத ரத த ச ல க க க றத . 4000 ப டல கள ய ம கரதலப ப டம க அற ந த ர ப பவர வ ண ட ம ன ல உங கள ஆச ய ந ற வ ற ற இயல ம .அன ப டன ,ட ண ட ர கவன

  • nancynurse profile imageAUTHOR

    Nancy McClintock 

    5 years ago from Southeast USA

    Thank you so much Pamela.

  • nancynurse profile imageAUTHOR

    Nancy McClintock 

    5 years ago from Southeast USA

    Thanks you so much for posting

  • nancynurse profile imageAUTHOR

    Nancy McClintock 

    5 years ago from Southeast USA

    Thank you so much for your kind Comment

  • Pamela99 profile image

    Pamela Oglesby 

    5 years ago from United States

    This is an excellent hub, full of valuable information about heart disease. It is so important for people to know the symptoms of heart disease and ways to help prevent it. Voted up ad useful.

  • one2get2no profile image

    Philip Cooper 

    5 years ago from Olney

    Excellent hub and important information. Thanks.

  • RTalloni profile image


    6 years ago from the short journey

    Glad to see this important information posted here. Excellently done with essential details.


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