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Alzolam uses and side effects

Updated on October 16, 2015
Alzolam pack
Alzolam pack

Alzolam is a benzodiazepine class medication prescribed for anxiety. Other common indications are reduced sleep and epileptic seizures. But it is rarely prescribed for epileptic seizures. Its generic name is Alprazolam. Most common brand name is Xanax

It is a prescription only medication that should be prescribed by a doctor after seeing the patient. It is dangerous to take this medication on your own.

Uses of Alzolam

  1. It is used to relieve short term anxiety: It is useful for anxious individuals to participate in social events or exams. However, long term use can cause problems.
  2. It can be used to induce sleep in acutely disturbed psychiatry patients.

GABA type A receptor
GABA type A receptor

How Alzolam acts?

Alzolam acts by augmenting the action of GABA A receptor in the brain. GABA or gamma-Aminobutyric acid is a common inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain. Increased GABA action reduces anxiety and reduces chance of having seizures. Therefore, by way increasing GABA neurotransmission in the brain Alzolam reduces anxiety and reduces chance of getting seizures.

Increased effects of GABA can cause increased sleepiness or drowsiness. Therefore, as an side effect alzolam causes drowsiness.

Side effects of Alzolam (Alprazolam)

Side effects of Alzolam (Alprazolam) depicted in a diagram
Side effects of Alzolam (Alprazolam) depicted in a diagram | Source

What are the side effects of Alzolam?

Most common side effect of Alzolam is drowsiness. It can cause drowsiness next day if taken at night. In addition, it can cause memory impairment. These effects can cause problems in driving and operating machinery.

In addition, it can cause problems in balance (ataxia) and mental confusion. Mental confusion is common among elderly. Other common side effects are headache and reduced blood pressure (hypotension). Sometimes Alzolam can cause visual disturbances and hallucinations. In addition, it can cause difficulty in speaking or dysarthria. Some people may complain of tremor when alzolam is taken in higher doses.

Alzolam should not be used in patients with Myasthenia Gravis
Alzolam should not be used in patients with Myasthenia Gravis | Source

When you should not take Alzolam?

Alzolam should not be taken if you have neuromuscular disorders such as myasthenia gravis. It can aggrevate respiratory depression, therefore, it should not be taken by people with difficulty in breathing. In addition, patients with psychotic disorders such as Schizophrenia should not take this medication, unless specifically prescribed by a qualified psychiatrist.

Addiction is a serious problem with Alprazolam (Alzolam)
Addiction is a serious problem with Alprazolam (Alzolam) | Source

Problems associated with Alzolam use?

This medication can cause dependence. That means it is needed in increasing amounts to get the same effect in long term use. In addition, sudden withdrawal of it can cause withdrawal syndrome that can sometimes be fatal.

Alzolam can cause mild euphoria therefore, it can become habit forming. Therefore, Alzolam abuse is a common problem.


Alzolam is a useful medication for short term anxiety relief. But long term use can cause dangerous side effects. Most commons side effect is drowsiness.

Do you find Alzolam useful?

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    • njmanura profile imageAUTHOR

      Dr Manura Nanayakkara 

      13 months ago from Sri Lanka

      You need to be examined by a doctor for any problem that may lead to poor sleep. You need to taper off alzolam very every two weekly if you are planning to stop it. In addition follow sleep hygiene methods. You can search Google for it.

    • profile image

      Tapan kumar sen 

      13 months ago

      I am taking o.5 since long time, what is the alternative. What is the alternative for sound sleep in night. Please advice.

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      I'm a guy in my twenties. Few months back i was taking quite a lot of these alprazolam pills as i was going through a lot of anxiety. Sometimes i would take two of these pills the same night , just to feel extra drowsy and to be honest i kinda liked it, as it used to make me high. But i also experienced some weird stuffs like hearing noises that no one else could hear , like sounds of deep breath near my neck , then sounds of footsteps etc. (according to medical science they are simply auditory hallucinations but i believe they are more than that) ... As days rolled by i even started seeing little orbs of light that no one else could see. Guess what , one of my friends sees orbs too and he's not even into drugs. Then one day i saw a faceless man staring at me while i was lying on my bed. He/she was full white in color like some angelic being and had neck length curly hair, but had no eyes , nose or mouth. I tried to stay calm but the white figure soon changed into a smoky black figure. I knew straight away that this is not something made up by my brain, like a false image or something , but actually something evil. Since i'm a believer of the paranormal and somewhat religious too , i started praying and soon it went away.

      I know science would say all these are hallucinations but visions like these (visions of angels, demons or even God) have been around since the biblical days. People back then weren't considered crazy for having those visions. Even normal people who don't do drugs have mystic visions. You can't call such experiences as hallucinations. In my case the benzodiazepine might have helped me to open up my blocked brain so i could perceive other realities.

      Too bad science only believes in the material/physical reality. But scriptures from major religions say that this physical world isn't the only world. There exists astral realms too. These astral realms exists right among us, as these realms shares the same space with that of the physical world and yet our limited 5 senses cannot percieve them. But that doesn't mean they don't exist.

    • njmanura profile imageAUTHOR

      Dr Manura Nanayakkara 

      4 years ago from Sri Lanka

      You can take the half dose for two weeks then quarter dose for another two weeks then stop. If you cannot reduce the dose in half increments, you can take 3/4 of original dose for two weeks and 3/4 for two weeks.

    • profile image

      chakraborty s. 

      4 years ago

      I am 64years old.iam taking alzolam .25 and ativan 2mg daily before dinner. initially my docter prescrived to have any one. now i have becom adicted, iIam takin it for last 9 10 years. can anyone suggest how to get ride of it, or how get myself de adicted from these

    • Minnetonka Twin profile image

      Linda Rogers 

      5 years ago from Minnesota

      Great job explaining side effects of Alprazolam. I have this medication and use it as needed for anxiety. My doctor prescribed this for me after realizing how hard the week prior to my cat scans are on me and my family. Informative article. Voted up and many buttons.


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