ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Hon-Immune (TM): An Immunity Blend That Everyone Should Have In Their Medicine Cabinet

Updated on November 16, 2016
Gina Welds-Hulse profile image

I'm a natural health coach, herbalist, and aromatherapy consultant using the power of essential oils to improve health and well-being.

The Cold and Flu season is upon us, and we should be taking every precaution to avoid contracting either one. This is my go-to blend all year long, but especially when the cold and flu period is here. When you have a chronic illness like lupus, it leaves one's body susceptible to even more illnesses, and precautions must be taken to avoid getting even the slightest cold.

It is not just for the cold and flu season. It can be used all year round for preventative care.

Here's the recipe.

Hon-Immune (TM) Blend

Hon-Immune Immunity Blend

Ingredients:

8 oz. raw wildflower honey

1 ½ heaping tsp. elderberry powder

1 tsp. astragalus powder

1 tsp. ginger powder

½ tsp. clove powder

Completed Hon-Immune Blend
Completed Hon-Immune Blend | Source
Added astragalus powder
Added astragalus powder | Source
Source
Added clove powder
Added clove powder | Source

Health Benefits of Raw Honey

Health Benefits of Raw Honey

  • Antibacterial and antifungal properties

  • Provides minerals, vitamins, antioxidants

  • Strengthens immunity

  • Honey also has its effect on weight Loss which makes me mostly excited! Simply drink warm water with lemon and honey on an empty stomach.

  • Did you know that though honey has more calories than sugar, honey when consumed with warm water helps in digesting the fat stored in your body?

  • Promotes the growth of good bacteria in the intestine

  • Boosts energy and reduces fatigue

  • Restores eyesight. Mix 2 teaspoons of honey with carrot juice and consume regularly.

  • Relieves a sore throat

  • Prevents heart disease by improving blood flow

  • Soothes burns, disinfects wounds. Garlic honey, which is just a mixture of honey and garlic, can be applied directly to infected wounds to clean the area

  • Reduces inflammation and pain

  • Alkalizes body’s pH

  • Contains phytonutrients, which possess cancer-preventing and anti-tumor properties

  • Helps with indigestion and acid reflux

  • Destroys bacteria causing acne

  • Prevents low white blood cell count

  • Counters pollen allergies. Take a teaspoon of raw honey a couple of times a day starting a few months prior to allergy season.

  • Flushes parasites from liver and colon

  • A salve made of honey can be applied to eczema.

  • Reduces ulcers and other gastrointestinal disorders

  • Honey helps build stamina in athletes

  • Honey and cinnamon can help with Arthritis. The blend of cinnamon and honey has so many other benefits also. (link other article here)

  • Helps with scalp problems and dandruff

  • Helps with anxiety

  • Reduces metabolic stress

  • Helps clear your sinuses. To clear your sinuses, take a mixture of 1 teaspoon each of fresh ginger juice and honey two or three times a day.

  • Cures toothache. Make a paste of honey and cinnamon and apply on the aching tooth.

  • Moisturizes skin. Mix a dollop of honey and two tablespoons of warm water and massage the mixture into your skin.

  • Relieves morning sickness

  • Helps with hiccups

  • Reduces hay fever. Take a tablespoon of honey in the morning

  • Helps with tension headaches. Simply sip on a ½ glass of warm water with a couple of added teaspoons of honey.

  • Helps with pink eye. Place a teaspoon of honey with a cup of water and heat just enough to melt the honey. Let cool and use an eye dropper drop the mixture in the infected eye.

  • Leg cramps. Take 2 tbsp. of apple cider vinegar and 1 tbsp. of honey each evening before bed.

  • Reduces cholesterol. Mix two tablespoons of honey and three tablespoons of cinnamon in 16 ounces of tea.

  • Helps with bad breath. Mix one teaspoon of honey and cinnamon in hot water.

  • Soften hard water, Just add honey to bath water

    But make sure to buy raw honey, organic because the heating during manufacturing destroys nutrients and enzymes. Additionally, locally grown raw honey from the area you live is more beneficial as it possesses the immune stimulating properties needed for your body to adapt to its environment. The best part about it, you don’t have to sacrifice the taste of sweetness by using sugar substitutes, but can actually enjoy eating what you like and be healthy at the same time!!!

Learn how to make Elderberry syrup for colds and flu

Health Benefits of Elderberry

Elderberry powder

Have you heard of the elderberry? The elderberry is an ancient berry tree/bush that has recently been brought back to the attention of the public eye due to its potential as a remedy for cold and flu. Elderberries are native to North America, and commonly grow in both the Northeast and Northwest (but not in the south, boo).

Elderberries are a staple in my natural medicine cabinet. I use them to make elderberry syrup, elderberry wine, as well as this honey blend. The elderberry tincture is also great.

The berries are quite juicy, and look similar to tiny, dark blueberries. Additionally, even blue elderberries should never be consumed raw as they contain a chemical similar to cyanide. Many doctors also recommend that women who are pregnant or breastfeeding stay away from elderberry. If you are pregnant or nursing, consult with your doctor/midwife before consuming elderberries.

Healthy Ingredients in Elderberries

Elderberries contain a wide variety of healthful ingredients that make them a powerhouse of nutrients much like other superfoods.

Just one cup of elderberries contains:

  • 87 percent of recommended intake for vitamin C

  • 17 percent of vitamin A

  • 13 percent of iron

  • 6 percent of calcium

  • 17 percent of vitamin B6

  • 12 percent of potassium

  • 7 percent of vitamin B1

    The Health Benefits of Elderberries

    According to popular legend, it was an American sailor in 1899 who first discovered the possible healing benefits of elderberry when he drank port wine flavored with elderberry and his arthritis was relieved.

    Some research suggests that the elderberry possesses:

  • strong anti-inflammatory and anti-viral properties, so is thus a natural support for those with arthritis or any inflammatory illnesses.
  • may also fight cancer thanks to their high number of antioxidants that are required to maintain the health of our body cells. These components fight against harmful free radicals, putting a stop to the damage caused by cell division.
  • have some of the strongest free radical scavenging abilities, according to a study in 2010 conducted by Gaziosmanpasa University in Turkey
  • treat respiratory illnesses such as the cold and flu. In 2009, researchers from HerbalScience Group in Florida examined the effect of elderberry fruit extract against the H1N1 flu virus in vitro tests. The results showed that elderberry could reduce total flu symptoms by 50 percent and shorten the duration of the virus by up to 3 days. Best results were seen when the elderberry was used within 24 to 48 hours of contracting the virus.
  • keep the respiratory system healthy due to its high content of of Vitamin A, Vitamin C, and bioflavonoids like anthocyanin. All these contribute to the antioxidant properties of the syrup, which makes it a prophylactic against various respiratory illnesses. Some of them are cold, cough, sore throat, mucus build-up, chest congestion, asthma, bronchitis and common cold.
  • keeps infections at bay due to its anti-viral and anti-bacterial nature. It is rich in Vitamin C, which is an antioxidant.
  • help to relieve nasal congestion.
  • enhance the immune system.
  • boosts the digestive system due to its high content of vital nutrients. Elderberry juice can stimulate our digestive glands to secret enough amount of digestive juices. It eventually results in a stronger and healthier digestive system, plus also helps with the proper movement of bowels through the gastrointestinal tract, which prevents constipation.
  • keep cholesterol under control. Elderberry juice also plays a key role in regulating the cholesterol levels in our bloodstream. It also reduces the ‘bad cholesterol’ level in our blood, which ultimately helps to keep various cardiovascular diseases at bay.
  • help with diabetes control, by working directly on the pancreas and stimulating it for insulin secretion.
  • help to maintain bone health.
  • help to promote clean, clear and youthful skin The presence of bioflavonoids makes it an effective solution for averting premature aging. You can get rid of wrinkles, fine lines, and age spots by consuming elderberry juice. It also helps in eliminating acne breakouts and other blemishes.
  • have been used for centuries to treat wounds when applied to the skin.


Astragalus: Powerful Immune-modulating herb as well as for treating the common cold

Health Benefits of Astragalus

Astragalus powder

  • Enhances the immune system
  • Treats chronic fatigue syndrome
  • Treats fibromyalgia
  • Is helpful in the treatment of diabetes
  • Enhances the metabolism
  • Enhances physical strength
  • Reduces stress
  • Aids in digestion
  • Is helpful in the treatment of kidney disease
  • Boosts energy and stamina
  • Helps in the treatment of ulcers
  • Aids in the treatment of urinary problems
  • Helps to prevent heart disease
  • Aids in the treatment of high blood pressure
  • Is anti-inflammatory
  • Helps to support the liver
  • Is anti-viral and anti-bacterial
  • Aids in white blood cell production

Health benefits of Cinnamon

Cinnamon powder

The cinnamon spice has been used for centuries in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine to cure main ailments like cancer, flu and indigestion. The fragrant spice contains

  • fiber,
  • manganese,
  • calcium
  • iron
  • and is commonly used in many food dishes.

What not too many people know is that this fragrant spice also possesses properties to cure many skin, health and hair problems.

I won’t go into too many details here, as cinnamon deserves a feature all on its own.

Benefits of Cinnamon:

  • anti – microbial properties
  • helps to improve diabetes, aids in weight loss
  • helps to reduce cravings
  • helps to reduce allergies
  • is anti-fungal and anti-bacterial. It thus helps in the treatment of acne, pimples and blemishes, thus helping to enhance the complexion
  • improves circulation and blood flow, which helps with glowing skin as well as improving hair and scalp health
  • Is rich in anti-oxidant properties.
  • Reduces Cholesterol.
  • Pain Reliever.
  • Cures the common cold.
  • Is a great anti-inflammatory and so will aid in alleviating the pain and discomfort that comes from joint pain associated with arthritis
  • Aids in the digestion process.
  • Cinnamon contains a nutrient called cinnamaldehyde, which is known to increase the progesterone level and decrease testosterone levels in women. The hormonal balance reduces the chances of infertility in women..
  • Boosts Brain Functioning. Smelling cinnamon regularly helps boost the cognitive ability and memory of the brain..
  • Breath Freshener
  • · Aids in the treatment of candida overgrowth. Cinnamon can be used to stop medication-resistant yeast infections. High blood sugar levels can lead to candida overgrowth, and cinnamon is helpful in lowering blood sugar levels. Its anti-fungal properties are also helpful in combating the effects of a yeast infection. So if the meds aren’t working, try adding extra cinnamon to your diet.
  • · Cinnamon is no joke. It can take your health to the next level.

Health benefits of Ginger

Health benefits of Ginger

Ginger powder

  • Has cancer –fighting benefits. Research has proven that ginger can act to literally obliterate ovarian cancer cells. Even more promising is that the cells actually end up killing and attacking themselves.
  • Helps with Irritable Bowel Syndrome by having a calming effect on the bowels and digestive system.
  • Eliminates gas and bloating
  • Calms intestinal spasms
  • Eases nausea
  • Protects against Alzheimer’s disease. Research has shown that ginger helps to slow down the loss of brain cells that typically is a precursor to Alzheimer’s.
  • Can ease headache when taken as a tea
  • Can help with asthma and coughs by opening up inflamed airways
  • Stimulates circulation
  • Helps with high blood pressure
  • Aids in the digestive process
  • Helps to relieve tired muscles
  • Aids in the management of blood glucose levels which can have a direct impact on weight loss or gain.
  • Helps the body to absorb nutrients
  • Is anti-inflammatory and can help with a host of inflammation-based conditions and diseases.
  • Strengthens Immunity
  • Protects Against Nuclear Radiation – Hopefully not something you have to worry about in the near future, but still good to know in case World War III breaks out. But those living near the Fukushima disaster area have given strong consideration to upping their ginger intake with this news. If you want to get the full benefits of this feature you’ll have to have a daily dose of ginger so it’s in your system, and stays there.


Health benefits of Cloves

Health Benefits of Clove

Clove powder

History tells us that the Chinese have used clove for more than 2,000 years as a fragrance and spice and that it hit the international health scene several hundred years later. Since then, it has been applied in numerous products for agricultural and cosmetic purposes.


  • High in Manganese, potassium, magnesium, and
  • Eliminates acne
  • Kills parasites
  • Improves blood circulation
  • Reduces gum disease
  • Boosts energy
  • Natural anti-inflammatory
  • Kills mold and fungus
  • Alleviates Toothache pain
  • Earache
  • Moisturize dry skin
  • Mosquito repellent
  • Digestion aid
  • Stops bad breath
  • Treats nausea
  • Alleviates joint and muscle pain
  • Improves respiratory conditions
  • Reduces muscle spasms
  • Improves blood circulation
  • Anti-parasitic. Relieves intestinal parasite
  • Relieve insect bites
  • Helps to alleviate high blood pressure
  • Anti-bacteria
  • Helps with reducing stress levels
  • Reduces cholesterol
  • Aids in alleviating oral ulcers and sores


Have you tried elderberries?

Have you tried elderberries?

See results

In summary...

As an Herbalist, and a Lupus Warrior, I am always for more natural remedies to keep my body, as well as those of my friends and family well throughout the winter months, and throughout the year.

Elderberry syrup and this immunity blend are staples in my Natural Medicine Cabinet.

What are some items that you cannot do without, that are in your natural medicine chest?

None of this information is to be taken as medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any changes to your medicines.

Thank you for your attention, and I look forward to your comments, or questions, or suggestions.

© 2015 Gina Welds Hulse

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Gina Welds-Hulse profile imageAUTHOR

      Gina Welds Hulse 

      2 years ago from Rockledge, Florida

      The advantage to making your own blends, @peachpurple, is that I know where I get my ingredients. One has to do some research to ensure that you get the best ingredients for your blends. Many store-bought blends, herbs and spices contaim GMOs, pesticides, heavy metals and other things you do not want in there. If you get the ingredients from reputable sources, with a little research, you can create better-than-store-bought products.

      I haven't had to take anything for the cold or flu in many years as I have not had the cold or flu in quite a few years.....due to this blend. It is great for the immune system.

    • peachpurple profile image

      peachy 

      2 years ago from Home Sweet Home

      yeah most people can't take homemade herbals and spice, they would rather buy store bought herbals.

      I usually use cinnamon, ginger and garlic for my common, flu and sore throats

    • Gina Welds-Hulse profile imageAUTHOR

      Gina Welds Hulse 

      2 years ago from Rockledge, Florida

      Audrey, real raw honey is the only food that does not spoil, and has so many healing qualities. I am never without a bottle, as I use it in so many of my blends.

      I'm glad you already saw the benefits, through your vet's suggestion.

      Let me know if you have any questions. I share what I know. If I don't know I will certainly try to find out.

      Hugs.

      Gina

    • vocalcoach profile image

      Audrey Hunt 

      2 years ago from Idyllwild Ca.

      Hi Gina

      I only recently started taking cinnamon capsules (0ne a day.) It's been 4 days now. However, after reading your comments (thank you) I've decided to stop. Instead I will do as you suggest and mix with honey.

      Also so I want to share the following about honey: Our cat was taken to the vet for some sores on her ears. The vet suggested honey. We put just a dab on the sores and 2 days later they were gone. Then I tried honey on a blister inside my mouth. It too was gone the very next day!

      Thanks again for sharing your wonderful expertise on natural medicines.

      You're the best!

      Hugs,

      Audrey

    • Gina Welds-Hulse profile imageAUTHOR

      Gina Welds Hulse 

      2 years ago from Rockledge, Florida

      Awww! Thanks so much, Audrey. Let me ask you some questions first. How many of those capsules do you take daily? What kind of cinnamon are you taking? Cassia? Ceylon? If it is Cassia, taking a lot could result in liver damage because it contains a substance called coumarin (this is known to cause liver failure).

      How long have you been taking cinnamon? Cinnamon can be toxic if taken for an extended period of time. You should be taking it for no more than 6 weeks with a break of a week so that any toxicity can be removed from your system.....weeks on, and one week off.

      Also, you have to make sure that you are eating something when you take your capsules. Cinnamon can be very corrosive on your stomach.

      Are you taking any other medications? Cassia cinnamon is a natural blood-thinner and can increase your heart rate. The Ceylon cinnamon seems to be okay in this regard.

      Have you tried cinnamon mixed with honey? This blend has many medicinal benefits.

      I hope this helps.

    • vocalcoach profile image

      Audrey Hunt 

      2 years ago from Idyllwild Ca.

      Hi Gina

      First, let me thank you for the follow. Now, let me thank you for this outstanding, informative hub! I've been a vegetarian for years which really got me into herbs, etc. I love ginger tea and drink it everyday. Question - I take cinnamon powder capsules. Do these give me the medicinal value I need?

      Thank you my friend.

      Audrey

    • Gina Welds-Hulse profile imageAUTHOR

      Gina Welds Hulse 

      2 years ago from Rockledge, Florida

      Hi Manatita, I am so glad Ruby reached out to me, connected with me, and strongly suggested that I checked out your page. Even after being a "Hubber" for a year, I was still a little lost as far as forming connections was concerned. There is a great community here on HubPages.

      Yes, please send me the address. I will get working on the blends and ship them to you.

      I've been a vegetarian twice in my life. The first time it lasted for a year. I was a teenager trying on out a fad at the time. Nine years ago, when I became very ill, I decided to try it again. Yes, I am still a vegetarian to this day. The first month was difficult, until I realized that what I was missing was the tantalizing flavors of all the spices, and I was cooking with them still. I have to check my Indian recipe book to see if there is one for Dhal Markani. I love spicy foods.

      Yes, I will work on keeping my hair long. Let me head outside to pick some grapes. My grapevines really flourished this year.

      Until next time.....

      -Gina

    • manatita44 profile image

      manatita44 

      2 years ago from london

      Hi Gina, looks like Ruby sent me a Gem of a woman. Such a loving and sincere letter! I live in central London, UK, so we will have everything here. Won't be good as your anti-inflamatories and astragalus though. You can send them to me. I will give you a NY address later, as it would be cheaper for you. I will be there for two weeks from Wednesday, inshal'lah.

      I'm a vegetarian. I had rice and Dhal Markhani. A wee bit spicy but nice. I like naan too as well as Garbanzo. I eat out a lot. Too much. I know why I'm fatigued. My meditation tells me. Once - through the Master's Grace - I conquer this weakness, then I will conquer the fatigue.

      Guruji says a lot of positive things about women's hair. Try to keep it long. Visit you later. Much Love

    • Gina Welds-Hulse profile imageAUTHOR

      Gina Welds Hulse 

      2 years ago from Rockledge, Florida

      @manatita44 Thank you for visiting, and for sharing your thoughts and insights. I must say I love your name, and dare I ask the meaning, if there is one behind it.

      I, like you, know what it feels like to live with chronic fatigue. Since being diagnosed, it is a symptom that I fight everyday. I have found several natural ways to combat the fatigue....some essential oils, as well as herbal concoctions, teas, etc.

      I've written a couple of hubs on essential oils for fatigue.

      Do you happen to have an herbal store closeby? If I gave you the recipe for the blend you could visit an herbalist who could put it together for you, since you're "hopeless at preparing things"...or I could make it and send it to you.

      I love astragalus. Sometimes I take the capsules. Sometimes I blend it into my turmeric anti-inflammatory tea, which is made with turmeric, astragalus, ginger, clove, cardamom, coconut milk and raw honey. It would be great for fatigue as well as just being an all-around great drink.

      As far as my hair goes.....Thank you for your kind remarks....I lost much of it a few years ago due to illness. However, throughout my research, I discovered several essential oils and herbs that are great for regrowing hair....with a side-effect of enhanced memory. It is growing back and getting thicker, and I am resisting the urge to cut.

      So how was dinner? I made a simple dinner today.....curried garbanzo beans with naan. In my opinion it is the perfect Ayurvedic dish. I am going to write about it.

      Anyway, let me stop here, before I write a short novel. Hope your evening was lovely.

      Until next time....

      -Gina

    • Gina Welds-Hulse profile imageAUTHOR

      Gina Welds Hulse 

      2 years ago from Rockledge, Florida

      @word55 That is so true. I apologize for my tardy response. I admit that when I was first diagnosed with lupus I immediately started to take the pharms, until I landed in the ER near cardiac arrest as a result of a bad reaction to them. That was the event that projected me back to my roots.....herbal roots that is.

      You're right. More people should consider herbal remedies as a solution to healing, as well as staying well. There is power in nature.

    • manatita44 profile image

      manatita44 

      2 years ago from london

      Now, my Sweet, you write excellently and have a wealth of information to share. Your Hub is very well presented and gives great insights into the world of health. Very carefully prepared as you would with your herbs, I'm sure.

      I suffer from Chronic Fatigue, so would value some of your products. I'm hopeless at preparing things. Do you do orders? I have used astragalus and the honey blend, although not recently.

      Not making a pass or anything, but you look even more beautiful with your hair down, as in the lupus Hub. 'Nuff for now. I'm tired and need to cook. See you later.-Manatita

    • word55 profile image

      Al Wordlaw 

      2 years ago from Chicago

      Hi again Gina, this was very good info. It's too bad that most people don't take to herbal remedies as solutions to healing. Keep up the good work. Be blessed!

    • Gina Welds-Hulse profile imageAUTHOR

      Gina Welds Hulse 

      2 years ago from Rockledge, Florida

      I just made a double batch of this. This is one item I cannot do without this time of the year.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)