Anatomy of a Female Reproductive Organ
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External Reproductive Organs
- Mons Pubis or Mons Veneris - is a pad of fat which lies over the symphysis pubis covered by skin and at puberty by short hairs. It protects the surrounding delicate tissues from trauma.
- Labia Majora - are 2 folds of skin with fat underneath. it contains Bartholin's glands which are believed to secrete a yellowish mucus which acts as a lubricant during sexual intercourse. The openings of the Bartholin's glands are located posteriorly on either side of the vaginal orifice.
- Labia Minora - are 2 thin folds of delicate tissues forming an upper fold encircling the clitoris, called the prepuce, and unite posteriorly called the fourchette. The fourchette is highly sensitive to manipulation and trauma that is why it is often torn during a woman's delivery.
- Glans Clitoris - is a small erectile structure at the anterior junction of the labia minora which is comparable to the penis in its being extremely sensitive.
- Vestibule - is a narrow space seen when the labia minora are separated.
- Urethral Meatus - refers to the external opening of the urethra. It is slightly behind and to the side are the openings of the Skene's glands (which are often involved in infections of the external genitalia).
- Vaginal Orifice or Introitus - is the external opening of the vagina covered b a thin membrane (called hymen) in virgins.
- Perineum - is the area from the lower border of the vaginal orifice to the anus. It contains the muscles which support the pelvic organs, the arteries that supply blood to the external genitalia and the pudendal nerves which are important during delivery under anesthesia.
Internal Reproductive Organs
- Vagina - is the organ of copulation which contains rugae (permits considerable stretching without tearing). Serves as the passageway for menstrual discharges and fetus.
- Uterus - is a hollow pear-shaped fibromascular organ that is held in place with ligaments. It receives abundant blood supply from the uterine and ovarian arteries. It is the organ of menstruation and is the site of implantation, retainment, and nourishment of the products of conception.
- Fallopian Tubes - is responsible for transportation of mature ovum from the ovary to the uterus; fertilization takes place in its outer third or outer half.
- Ovaries - are almond-shaped dull-white sex glands near the fimbriae, kept in place by ligaments. It produce, mature, and expels ova and manufacture estrogen and progesterone.