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Antibiotic Eye Drops to Treat Eye Infection

Updated on December 1, 2011

A variety of eye drops are available to treat eye infection.  These eye drops are drugs that are contained in a sterile solution and used to treat a wide range of symptoms.  Antibiotic drops are used to treat eye infections. Anti- histamine drops are available to overcome allergic reactions. Blood vessels in the eyes can swell because of allergens. Decongestant drops are used to shrink swollen blood vessels. Varieties of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drug eye drops are used to control inflammation.  Corticosteroid drops are also used to control inflammation. A range of eye drops are available to treat glaucoma patients. They reduce the eye tension. Eye drops are quite frequently used in combination with eye ointments.  They are used before and after the cataract surgery as a precautionary measure to kill any bacteria in the eyes.

Antibiotic Eye Drops

Some of the commonly used antibiotic drops are

Ciplox (Ciprofloxacin) drops, which are prescribed for bacterial conjunctivitis and corneal ulcers.  The prescribed dosage is 1-2 drops for every two waking hours for the first two days. For the next 5 days the dosage is 1-2 drops for every four waking hours. For corneal ulcers the dosage frequency is much higher.

Erythromycin drops are used to treat bacterial infections. But people allergic to it should not use it.

Garamycin is a broad spectrum antibiotic. It is used to treat conjunctivitis and several other serious eye infections caused by macro organisms like Staphylococcus species and E.coli. The dosage is 1-2 drops to the affected eye once in four hours. It has some side effects like swelling, redness of the eye and itching.

Ocuflox drops are used in the treatment of various gram negative and gram positive bacteria. They are also used to treat corneal ulcers and conjunctivitis. Some of the side effects of the drug are redness, pain, blurredness, itching and tearing.

Both steroids and antibiotics have positive and negative points. Steroids used for longer periods may induce cataract and glaucoma. But they provide symptomatic relief quickly. The patient may develop resistance to the antibiotics and may not respond quickly to the treatment. So a combination of steroid and antibiotic is used when is absolutely essential. Several eye drops which are a combination of antibiotics and steroids are available in market. 

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