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Anxiety in the Body symptoms and causes

Updated on August 1, 2012
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalized Anxiety Disorder


Anxiety is a normal reaction of the body to an obvious threat or danger. It is usually produced by a variety of biochemical processes inside the human body. It is believed that the social situation, as well as the personal history of an individual have an effect on the development of anxiety. Anxiety, occasionally stem from unpleasant past events, however, the anxious individual might not be conscious of the real source.

Generalized anxiety disorder, also known as GAD, is characterized by an excessive worry about everyday events. People suffering from GAD tend to show an exagerated preocupation about situations dealing with money, health, work, family, or school with no logical reason. the preocupation is out of reality and their private lifes become a continuous state of worry and dispair. Eventually, anxiety interferes with the individual's daily life, including private relastionships

The exact causes of anxiety are not completely understood; however, it is thought that the condition could stem from the body´s own biochemical processes, other diseases, medication, and the individual´s own personal history, as well as his/her social present situation.

Environmental factors, including intense lights, loud noises, chemical vapors, among other annoyances which are not esasy to avoid may contribute to the development of high anxiety levels in an individual. Anxietry could be a symptom os diseases, such as angina, respiratory distress syndrome, and cushing´s syndrome, as well.

Some of the drugs that could be causing anxiety-like symptoms include asthma drugs, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, birth control pills, psychotropic drugs, and antihypertensive drugs, among many others.



The Symptoms

The most common symptoms of anxiety include nausea, headaches, dizziness, diarrhea, sweating, tingling, and pale complexion. The symptoms characteristic of behavior include trembling, restlessness, wringing hands, and finger tapping. Inability to concentrate and obsessive thoughts are cognitve symptoms of anxiety. Terror, panic, and nervousness are emotional fellings felt by anxious individuals.

The diagnosis of anxiety is a complex endeavor due to the variety of factors involved. the symptoms will vary from person to person based on their own personal life history and personal experiences; however, a healt care practicioner will usually rule out any medication, which could have anxiety as a symptom. A physician will practice a medical history examination, including the patient´s lifestyle, drug or alcohol abuse, and work environment ot diagnose the condition.

The treatment of a patient suffering from anxiety could include therapies, such as massage therapy, yoga, and biofeedback, as they are known to relax the nervous system which is one of the most seriously affected body systems by anxiety. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is treatment that aims at helping the individual by exposing him/her to the situation, object, or interrnal stimulus until the individual is completely desensitized.


Preventing Anxiety


Medications, including tranquilizers are often prescribed, as they can alleviate the symptoms of anxiety, including restlessness, and muscle tension. Benzodiazepines (Valium, Librium, and Ativan) relax the skeletal muscles and calm the limbic system. Antidepressants, including Prozac, Lexpro, Paxil, and Zoloft may be prescribed for depression. Beta-blockers (Inderal, Tenormin) which block the body´s reaction to stress hormones may be given to patients with phobic or posttraumatic anxiety symptoms.

Although anxiety cannot be prevented, there are some procedures you can stick to in order to manage or minimize the symptoms, such as reducing your consumption of beverages, including tea, coffee, chocolate, and cola; enrolling in practicing techniques, such as yoga and meditation; dedicating some of your time to practice exercise, and including a healthy diet as part of your everyday lifestyle. Go to your health care practitioner if you notice the symptoms of anxiety.

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    Jose Juan Gutierrez 6 years ago from Mexico City

    I'm glad ytou found it useful.