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Are Yearly Eye Exams Really Necessary?

Updated on April 6, 2018
See your eye doctor this year!  Don't wait!  Go soon!
See your eye doctor this year! Don't wait! Go soon! | Source

Eye Opening Reasons to see an Eye Doc

Never let excuses make you decide to skip a yearly eye appointment. Maybe you don’t wear glasses or you don’t think your prescription has changed recently but it's important to see the big picture.

My husband has been treated for melanoma two times now. His doctor is a Mohs specialist/fellow. In a recent discussion on whether he should have a liver scan the doc's response included the fact that regular eye exams give surprising and important insight into a person's health.

The following reasons for seeing an eye doctor are a head’s up on why you want to make and keep eye exam appointments. Don’t miss out on early treatment for serious conditions!

Checking on the Need for Corrected Vision

Is it possible to miss an essential need to get an eye check up? Yes, yes, yes is the short answer. Clearly, if our vision is suddenly bad we will be driven to a consultation with an eye care professional.

However, if it slowly slides we may not realize that we need to be checked. We can grow used to a few little oddities and unconsciously create ways to manage around them.

A predisposition for deteriorating eyesight thanks to an ancestor can sneak up on us. And then there’s that old nemesis called age with its bad habit of compromising people’s vision.

Eye diseases and other health issues can go unnoticed, changing our sight ever so subtly as they do their dastardly deeds.

Even common issues like farsightedness and nearsightedness are not always recognized by patients. A visit to the eye doctor can result in surprising clarity for those with only slight signs of these conditions.

Peeking into patient’s eyes makes qualified specialists eyewitnesses to crucial cues that can help patients before manageable problems become out of control issues. Don’t just be a spectator, get in the driver’s seat by seeing an eye doc for your health’s sake.

Blue, brown, or green, all eyes need to be seen every year!
Blue, brown, or green, all eyes need to be seen every year! | Source

Eye Infection–Yuk!

Obviously, spotting a problem is the first line of defense when an eye infection or injury (that can lead to infection) occurs. They are serious concerns that should be not be neglected.

Any injury should be diagnosed by an eye doctor. Traumas may or may not need immediate intervention. Some could simply need monitoring. An eye doctor will be able to tell the difference between a simple scratch and significant damage. It is risky for patients to diagnose or treat eye injuries for themselves.

But could a serious ailment go unnoticed? Yes, again. Questionable habits like smoking, not wearing sunglasses or a having bad diet can create eye disease that an eye doctor can detect in its earliest stages. Illnesses that come to us through no fault of our own can be identified and often treated in time.

What Do Eye Doctors Learn from their Crystal Balls Called Exams?

A variety of health issues can be found when an eye doctor gives a complete exam. The list of tests range from a simple visual acuity exam to observation of how well eyes function with each other.

Typical testing for eye health includes examinations for glaucoma and a look at the retina’s blood supply and nerves. Corneal disorders like dry eye and conjunctivitis can be addressed during an eye exam. Those are a few of the more familiar issues patients can need to have addressed.

A refraction test is used to check out one eye disease that may be news to you. R retinitis pigmentosa damages the retina. My first count of issues that this test can help solve reveals 9 conditions. Plainly, it is a valuable test.

Parts of the Eye Only a Doc Can See

The cornea is a protective covering for the eye. The lens is behind the iris, or the colored part of an eye. You probably knew that, but just visualize what the doctor sees when he squints into other components of the organ called an eye.

They evaluate its ciliary body, its fovea, and its vitreous humor (and no, that has nothing to do with clean jokes). There are more parts, but a good example is found in the first thing we notice about others’ eyes, the lovely iris.

Since this prettily colored part regulates how much light gets in, it’s easy to see the need to make sure it is doing its job just right. What could go wrong? Regular checkups help find a number of potential issues in that appealing eye part (and the other parts).

Exterior and Interior Melanoma (Gulp)

No joke, it’s a killer. Not only do eye doctors look into eyes, they examine their outer areas. Cancers can be detected and treated all because you kept your appointment with an eye doc.

Ocular melanoma can begin inside the eye, and yes, that’s scary. The good news is that a good eye doc will carefully look for it during an exam. Because there aren’t usually any early symptoms, this alone is an important enough reason to see an eye doctor.

Are you careful to make and keep yearly eye exams?

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If an eye shows a new dark place on the iris, if flashing lights start, if there’s been a change in the shape of the pupil, vision change in one eye, perhaps some reduced field of vision, or if specks of dust seem to be showing up it is time report to the doc.

How important is it for kids to have regular check ups? Well, retinoblastoma is often diagnosed before the age of three. The fact that researchers have developed eye exams for babies as young as 6 months is compelling.

A View of Undiagnosed Diabetes

A comprehensive dilated eye exam can reveal many undiagnosed diseases, but the one most commonly found is diabetes. With very few symptoms in its early stages, many pre-diabetics are unaware when complications begin due to stage 2 setting in.

There are risk factors a person can pay attention to such as sedentary lifestyle resulting in obesity, family history, race, age, and gestational diabetes during pregnancy, but most people evidently ignore them. Steps can be taken to prevent the disease from worsening, but statistics report that too many do not bother with early detection.

On a positive note, early detection provides an optimistic outcome. Simply keeping their yearly appointment has helped patients avoid complicated health issues related to diabetes. A timely diagnosis results in the best formula for eye care and other organs affected by this disease.

Analyzing Ankylosing Spondyloarthritis: Hmmm?

If you read the whole term you are justifiably wondering about arthritis in the eye. That it’s not in the eye is the good news. But this is a serious, systemic inflammatory rheumatic disease that can be discovered in eye exams.

Uveitis is an inflammation of the uvea, or a group of eye parts comprised of the iris, choroid, and ciliary body. Researchers continue to look into why uveal disease and spondyloarthritis are so closely linked.

The consideration we are focusing on, though, is why that is an important reason to see a good eye doctor. Vision loss and eye infections combined with low back pain point out why at an appointment with an eye doctor a patient should discuss all physical issues they are experiencing.

Ankylosing spondylitis is as likely to impact the eye as it is any other body part. Reporting pain with vision problems to an eye doctor is vital to getting the best treatment as early as possible.

Take care of your eyes!
Take care of your eyes! | Source

High Blood Pressure and Sick Arteries

Big words like hypertensive retinopathy have life-changing definitions. Thankfully, a simple eye exam can identify silent damage to the retina caused by high blood pressure. The information provided by the test can help prevent the possible occurrence of a stroke or heart attack.

Arteries can harden as we age even if we have lived a healthy life. Symptoms of atherosclerosis do not show up until blood flow is slowed or even blocked, affecting any number of organs including the heart and brain.

Hypertension means that the heart must work harder than it should. That strain contributes to more serious problems. Turning a blind eye to the cause is dangerous. But how does an eye exam help?

Vessels in the eye are the ones that can be observed most easily. An eye doctor can get a first look at vessel health making it possible to send a patient for treatment before it’s too late. Who wouldn’t choose that over more invasive testing?

Liver Diseases, Brain Tumors, and Wilson Disease

Jaundiced eyes could point to overlooked but serious liver disorders. Eye exams can help a patient know whether they should see their primary caregiver right away for a blood test to help determine whether they have a complication like nonalcoholic fatty liver disease,

An eye doctor’s testing can tell patients about a possible need to get checked for a brain tumor before other symptoms are noticeable. Annual examinations watch out for optic nerve changes and can spy a connection to alterations in a patient’s field of vision.

Limited eye movement with jaundiced eyes can be early signs of Wilson disease, serious because it prevents the body from deleting copper. There is help, especially if detected when symptoms begin. Chelation procedures and some medications change the course of the disorder.

Early detection is crucial to successful treatment for these problems. Using an eye doctor’s insight can be helpful to the practitioners or specialists you might need to see if one of these are suspected.

The Right Docs make the Difference

Now that we have a vision of why it’s a good thing to make and keep regular eye appointments, knowing the fundamental differences between an optician, an optometrist, and an ophthalmologist tells us who to hire for advice and care.

An optician is a trained technician. They work with optometrists and ophthalmologists to ensure that the right design and fit for vision correction prescriptions goes to each patient. They do not test or prescribe on their own.

An optometrist is a doctor of optometry (OD). They must be certified to practice. Their work is typically to do exams and tests that allow them to write prescriptions for needed vision correction. They are able to detect some abnormalities and prescribe medication prescriptions. When they suspect bigger issues they will advance their patients to ophthalmologists.

An Ophthalmologist is an Eye M.D., or a medical doctor specializing in eye/vision health. They have far more training than an optometrist and are licensed to practice medicine and surgery. This eye care professional provides the broadest care to patients. They are sometimes involved in research projects and may specialize in a certain aspect of eye care.

Peeking into patient’s eyes makes a qualified eye care specialist an eyewitness to crucial cues that can help patients before manageable problems turn into out of control issues. Don’t just be a spectator, step up to bat by seeing an eye doc for your health’s sake.

Can You Help Your Eyes at Home?

Absolutely. There are many things you can do at home and you probably know all about them. Living a healthy lifestyle helps your eyes. Focusing on good nutrition, exercising (yep, it really does help your eyes), and quality rest all make sense, don't they?

On top of that, they help the rest of you stay healthy so you can avoid meds that could adversely affect your eye health. However, do not let good overall health keep you from yearly eye exams. Okay now, you know what to do!

Looking Over Eye Care

Add to this discussion, perhaps including your related experience:

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  • RTalloni profile imageAUTHOR


    6 weeks ago from the short journey

    Sherry Venegas:

    So glad you went in for that yearly exam! Thanks kindly for letting us know how it important is was to go. Am glad the cataract surgery went well.

  • paperfacets profile image

    Sherry Venegas 

    6 weeks ago from La Verne, CA

    I had cataract removal, and of course, for over two years I was seeing very well. Finally, made a point to see eye MD again and macular degeneration was starting to form. Never skip a yearly exam. It is very important.

  • RTalloni profile imageAUTHOR


    4 months ago from the short journey

    Chitrangada Sharan:

    Thank you very much for your comment and for encouraging friends to consider their need. I hope you have made that appointment and gone for a checkup!

  • ChitrangadaSharan profile image

    Chitrangada Sharan 

    8 months ago from New Delhi, India

    Excellent article, and a great reminder to those who need it. I am also guilty of always postponing my eye check ups.

    You have provided some very useful information, which we must be aware of.

    Sharing with some friends. Thanks for sharing this important information!

  • RTalloni profile imageAUTHOR


    8 months ago from the short journey

    Gregory DeVictor:

    You are right, that is a blessing! So glad you are getting those exams for they are far more useful than most realize.

  • Gregory DeVictor profile image

    Gregory DeVictor 

    8 months ago from Squirrel Hill, PA

    After putting off getting yearly eye exams for a long time, I now get an exam every year. I have an excellent opthamologist at the UPMC Eye Center in Pittsburgh. It’s a blessing to know that I do not need glasses.

  • RTalloni profile imageAUTHOR


    8 months ago from the short journey

    Whoa, that's a lot to go through. On this end, knowing that there are medical breakthroughs occurring every year would be a reason to continue checking with docs for solutions, especially in different places.

    An eye condition similar to what you describe was the result of a medication (steroid) that I questioned the doc about before taking it. He assured me it was safe and now that struggle has me on the look out for solutions. Changing docs this summer in hopes of getting new info.

    The bright side is that I've learned a lot and am able to share some of it with others. Thanks much for stopping in to check out this post. The best to you in your journey for eye/vision health.

  • GetitScene profile image

    Dale Anderson 

    8 months ago from The High Seas

    This is a hub close to my heart. I got into an accident a few years ago and, after they reconstructed my skull, my eyes are no longer able to focus and work together very well. The eye doctors keep saying that they do not believe that they can help any more than they have so it is a frustrating position to be in.

  • RTalloni profile imageAUTHOR


    8 months ago from the short journey

    :) Let us know how it goes. Who knows, you may get newer info on some of this post and write one on it.

  • Kenna McHugh profile image

    Kenna McHugh 

    8 months ago from Northern California

    My fingers are crossed. : D

  • RTalloni profile imageAUTHOR


    8 months ago from the short journey

    So hope it does help your case! :)

  • Kenna McHugh profile image

    Kenna McHugh 

    8 months ago from Northern California

    I am going to have him read your article. That will help!

  • RTalloni profile imageAUTHOR


    8 months ago from the short journey

    Kenna McHugh:

    Good for you, especially for teaching your daughter that eye exams are important. Perhaps if your husband understood that there is more to the exams than vision checks it would help him decide to go every year, especially since he has insurance. Knowing that early detection for some diseases can make a huge difference in treatment is a great motivator.

  • Kenna McHugh profile image

    Kenna McHugh 

    8 months ago from Northern California

    My daughter and I do yearly eye exams and our prescriptions have changed each time. We have a great optometrist. Now, if only I could get my husband to do that. He goes about every 2 - 3 years. We have insurance, too.

  • RTalloni profile imageAUTHOR


    9 months ago from the short journey

    Larry W Fish:

    So glad you've begun the yearly exams so your coming years can be ones that include good eye care that prevents some issues and provides care for those that can't be prevented. Thank you for adding your experience to this post.

  • Larry Fish profile image

    Larry W Fish 

    9 months ago from Raleigh

    It has been only the last five or six years that my wife and myself have been sure to have yearly eye exams. My wife has borderline diabetes and I have been diagnosed with trigeminal neuralgia that has affected my right eye. We are around 70- years old so now it is extremely important.

  • RTalloni profile imageAUTHOR


    14 months ago from the short journey

    Pegg Woods: Thanks for your expert confirmation on this info. I was surprised to learn how important regular eye exams really are.

  • Peggy W profile image

    Peggy Woods 

    14 months ago from Houston, Texas

    Way back in the 1970s I became an RN specialist in that specialty. It is good that you are publicizing the importance of regular eye exams. Many diseases can be caught and addressed in their infancy if regular eye exams are performed.

  • annart profile image

    Ann Carr 

    14 months ago from SW England

    Great advice and information. My Dad was an ophthalmic optician (now referred to as 'optometrist') and made sure my eyes were looked after. We are advised in Britain to have our eyes checked every two years minimum.

    I had to have an extra check last year when I returned from France having had optical shingles; not very pleasant. Fortunately it didn't cause lasting damage but was painful; the French doctor was great and gave me the medication I needed.

    One can't stress enough the importance of looking after one's eyes.


  • vocalcoach profile image

    Audrey Hunt 

    17 months ago from Idyllwild Ca.

    I have type 2 diabetes and see my eye doctor regularly. You've given us such important reasons for yearly eye exams. Really like this hub and will share. Thanks.

  • RTalloni profile imageAUTHOR


    23 months ago from the short journey

    So glad to know that this was helpful to you. Sounds like it could be really important for you to make that appointment!

  • savvydating profile image


    23 months ago

    I haven't gotten an eye exam in years. Now I see that not doing so is not a good thing. Truth be told, my eyes are "sensitive." Probably it is past time to find out, from a professional, what "sensitivity" means, in my case.

    Thanks you for writing this exceptionally informative hub.

  • RTalloni profile imageAUTHOR


    2 years ago from the short journey


    So appreciate your letting me know this eye exam info was helpful to you. It was surprising to learn of the many ways a simple exam can help a person!

  • vespawoolf profile image


    2 years ago from Peru, South America

    I've often wondered about this. I definitely need to get more frequent eye exams. My husband had retinal detachment a few years ago so he gets regulary eye exams. You don't realize how important your eyes are until your vision is at risk! Thank you for sharing this information.

  • RTalloni profile imageAUTHOR


    2 years ago from the short journey


    Too many of us neglect going, that's why it's good to take a realistic look at why we should make and keep eye appointments. Thank you for stopping in. :)

  • profile image


    2 years ago

    Thanks for sharing. I'm guilty or I probably wouldn't have read it! God bless!

  • RTalloni profile imageAUTHOR


    2 years ago from the short journey


    Most of us do not know how beneficial a comprehensive eye exam can be for our overall health and we do exactly what you describe–put it off, which can be a sad mistake. Thanks very much for letting me know that this has been a help to you!

  • tebo profile image


    2 years ago from New Zealand

    I have been pondering organizing an eye exam for some time. I admit it is well over due. I was very happy with my last one but have noticed some changes of late. Although I think we can do some eye exercises and games to enhance our eyesight I do realize there are other problems that eye doctors can help with before they become too much of a problem. Thanks for a timely reminder.

  • RTalloni profile imageAUTHOR


    2 years ago from the short journey

    Genna East:

    So glad to know that this was helpful to you! Thanks much for checking the info out and for letting me hear from you on it. I hope your appointment goes well. :)

  • Genna East profile image

    Genna East 

    2 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

    I learned a lot with this hub. I'm a huge procrastinator when it comes to eye exams. I would be too embarrassed to say when I had my last one. Bt after reading this, I'm making an appointment tomorrow. Thank you!

  • RTalloni profile imageAUTHOR


    2 years ago from the short journey


    Thanks very much for sharing how you benefitted from your check up at the eye doc. Now you know you have a specific reason for that yearly appointment!

  • RTalloni profile imageAUTHOR


    2 years ago from the short journey


    Yes, I know what you mean. Writing a hub like this helps the author too. It's difficult to make the time until we understand all the benefits. Thanks much for taking a look at this post and for letting me know it has helped you think through the importance of eye appointments!

  • purl3agony profile image

    Donna Herron 

    2 years ago from USA

    Great hub! I hadn't been to the eye doctor for a few years until recently. Our new eye doctor gave me a eye pressure test to check for glaucoma. He said the test showed that I might develop glaucoma in the future. When I told my parents this, my mom said that glaucoma ran in the family and she gets checked every year. I'm glad our new eye doctor gave me this test or I wouldn't have known about this issue.

  • MsDora profile image

    Dora Weithers 

    2 years ago from The Caribbean

    Good advice, though it seems that I hear the same words every year. You convince me though, and thanks for explaining the different names of different eye people.

  • RTalloni profile imageAUTHOR


    2 years ago from the short journey


    You are welcome, and thanks bunches for taking the time to read and comment on it. So glad to know it has encouraged you to go for an exam!

  • AliciaC profile image

    Linda Crampton 

    2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

    Your hub contains excellent advice, which I need to follow myself! Thank you very much for the reminder and for sharing all the information.

  • RTalloni profile imageAUTHOR


    2 years ago from the short journey

    Kaili Bisson:

    Thanks so much for checking out this information on eye care and for your insightful (and generous) comment!

  • RTalloni profile imageAUTHOR


    2 years ago from the short journey


    Thank you both for stopping in to read this latest hub and for letting me know you found it useful. I so hoped the information I learned would help someone.

  • Kaili Bisson profile image

    Kaili Bisson 

    2 years ago from Canada

    Really well done. It is so important to take care of our precious eyesight, and as you point out, these exams can uncover things that we might otherwise be unaware of...ignorance is not bliss!

  • Sahanadas73 profile image


    2 years ago from India

    Really very informative. I have the habit of delaying yearly eye exam, but I'll definitely change my habit after reading this.


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