The white Genepì (scientific name Artemisia umbelliformis Lam., 1783) is a small herbaceous plant belonging to the family Asteraceae.It is a herbal plant.
The etymology of the generic term (Artemisia) is safe and appears to derive from Artemisia, wife of Mausolus, King of Caria, but also, according to other etymologies, could come from the goddess of the hunt (Artemis), or from a Greek word " Artemesia "(= healthy), alluding to the medicinal properties of plants of the genus Artemisia.
The currently accepted scientific binomial (Artemisia umbelliformis) was proposed in 1783 by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744-1829) biologist, French zoologist and botanist known for his theory (and overtaken by subsequent erroneous theory of evolution) on the inheritance of acquired characteristics.
They are perennial plants whose height can reach up to 6 to 12 cm (up to 20 cm). The organic form is camefite fruticosa (Ch fruit), which are woody plants at the base, with overwintering buds placed at a height between 2 and 30 cm with a shrubby appearance. The portions of dry grass annually and remain alive only in the woody parts. These plants are pubescent with hairs "T" and have a pleasant aromatic smell. They are also latex-free (like the other Asteraceae), sesquiterpene lactones, however, contain essential oils.
The roots are from secondary taproot.
· Part underground: the underground part is taproot.
· Aboveground part: the part above ground is slightly curved with ascending branches, the base the stem is woody.
The leaves are mostly basal and stem, are hairy (hairs with "T" type or "shuttle" 550-950 microns long). The lower leaves have a shape 2 - 3 - pennatosetta, usually the main axis is divided into 5 parts, the upper ones are the simplest and gradually reduced toward the inflorescence (lacini of the last leaves are toothed). The petiole base is devoid of orecchiette. Lacini size of the basal leaves: width 1 mm, length 6-9 mm. Cauline leaf petiole length: 5 to 9 mm.
The inflorescence is terminal and consists of small stalked heads (the upper ones are sessile) and spaced slightly pendulous (loose inflorescence to 10 to 15 flowers). The heads are placed on each side and the apex of the inflorescence are gathered in dense clusters. The structure of the head is typical of the Asteraceae: the stalk supporting a globular shell composed of several scales available that serve as protection for the hawksbill woolly receptacle which fits on two types of flowers: the flowers outside ligulate (absent in this species) , and the flowers central tubules. The scales are hairy with short brown margin (not blackened). The size of the head is less than 6 mm. Length of peduncles: 2 to 8 mm.
The flowers are actinomorphic, tetra-cyclic (that is formed by four whorls: glass - corolla - androecium - harem) and pentamers (calyx and corolla composed of 5 elements)
· Formula flower: This plant is suitable for the following floral formula:
K 0 / 5, C (5), A (5), G (2), inferolateral, achene
· Calyx: the sepals of the calyx is reduced to a crown of scales almost non-existent.
· Corolla: The petals of the corolla is 5-shaped lacini; are welded to the bottom tube (corolla tubular type). The mouth of the corolla are hairy. The petal color is yellow-gold.
· Androecium: stamens with free filaments 5 are welded but anthers that form a sort of sleeve enveloping the stylus.
· Gynoecium: the two carpels, forming a unilocular inferior ovary bicarpellare. The ovary bears a single egg anatropo. The stylus is one that ends in a profound stigma bifid.
The fruit is an achene with pappus lacking. The shape is compressed at the sides.
It is a rare plant, balsamic and aromatic, which are attributed to various therapeutic properties.
Both species, considered infallible panacea against fatigue, medicinal plants (to treat respiratory disorders, as a disinfectant and healing) are harvested as tonic(creams, masks to cleanse oily skin and combat points blacks), stimulant, sweat, and as aromatic plants for the manufacture of various liquors(spirits, bitters, grappa).
The macerated in grappa mountain people used it to obtain a liqueur that seem to have the ability to recover from altitude sickness, and the same is employed against freezing by rubbing body parts affected by frost. Cook it in milk with nutmeg Achillea Violette mountain and had a remedy against the forms of cooling (remedy known as "aspirin of the mountain").
It 's allowed the detention of the aerial parts of two plants, for family use, in quantities of 1 kg for each of the two species.
Given the intensity of the collection that is made for industrial uses, it is necessary that the mayors concerned to issue a permit for the collection of these plants only when you are sure that the area the two species is in no danger of extinction.
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