ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Health»
  • Diseases, Disorders & Conditions

Athlete's foot- symptoms, diagnosis and prevention

Updated on January 8, 2016

Athlete's foot

ATHLETE’S FOOT

Tinea pedis is the medical term for athlete’s foot. Athlete’s foot is a common fungal infection affecting mostly men and this is a harmless foot infection caused by fungi that live in warm, moist and dark environments. The disease is cause by the ringworm fungus Trichophyton. The disease appears as small, water-filled blisters which forms into inflamed patches of burning and itching skin and skin may peel off with soft whitened patches. It lives in dead skin mostly between toes and calloused areas of the sole. People with low immunity are most likely to get infected and possibly to get infected repeatedly. Unhygienic, sweat and choice of footwear will contribute to the infection of the fungus. Shoes and socks block air circulation which causes humidity.

A fungal infection of the skin is called dematophytosis. If the skin is injured by the fungus, bacteria can also affect the skin resulting inflammation of the skin and the inflammation is called cellulitis. Cellulitis occurs especially in aged individuals with diabetes, chronic leg swelling or who have had veins removed and patients with weak immune systems.

Athlete’s foot disease is a contagious disease which transmits through showers and wet floors visited by other infected people. The disease is most common in people who tend to have wet feet. It can be spread through sharing things such as shoe, towels and wash cloths. The fungus may spread to other parts of the body such as underarms and groin.

Symptoms

The symptoms of Athlete’s foot are reddening, cracking and peeling of skin, bleeding, itching, burning sensation, stinging sensation, development of small blisters that may often lead to cracking of the skin causing pain, and swelling. The skin may thicken in severe cases like a callus and begin to scale. When the disease affected on the toenail, the symptoms are change in color of the nail such as yellow or brown, thicker nails, bad odor, debris collects beneath the nail, and white marks on the nail.

Diagnosis

The disease can be diagnosed through visual inspection of the skin. To rule out the possibilities of having eczema or psoriasis, the diagnosis should include direct microscopy of a potassium hydroxide preparation which is known as the KOH test at the start of treatment. The test is conducted on the skin scrapings from the affected area and the test has an excellent positive value. But occasionally have negative results also especially if treatment with an anti- fungal medication has already begun.

Treatment

Wash your feet at least once with soap and warm water daily and keep the feet dry. Change the socks regularly and use cotton socks or socks with absorbent material. Wear open sandals and expose the feet to the air for short periods. Take medicines according to a podiatrist.

Prevention

Athlete’s foot can be prevented by a diet that supports the immune system. The diet should consist of plenty of whole grains, raw fruits and vegetables. To reduce fungal growths eat raw sauerkraut, lactic acid fermented foods, yogurt, and kefir which consist of healthy bacteria and also avoid processed food, fried food, refined grains, sweets and soft drinks. Take vitamin C to reduce stress along with zinc which strengthens the immune system. Essential fatty acids can help pain and inflammation and helps in healing skin disorders like vitamins A, E and B complex. There are some therapeutic foot baths to reduce the infection.

To prevent infection and spreading to other family members spray tub and bathroom floor with disinfectant after each use. To kill the fungus wash clothes in hot water and change towels and bed sheets at least once in a week. Avoid sharing shoes, socks and towels, and wear shower shoes or sandals in public showers and bathrooms. After bathing and showering, wash the feet especially between toes with soap and dry the feet and toes. Avoid sweating of toes and wear cotton socks and foot powder to reduce sweat.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Glenn 18 months ago

      Just go to a dermatologist get some Econazole Nitrate cream 1% that goes for 89 bucks with no insurance and apply twice a day. No more odor, no fungus so simple.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is used to quickly and efficiently deliver files such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisements has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)