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Avoiding Pregnancy Complications: The Danger of Elevated Uric Acid

Updated on May 25, 2016
Pregnant woman or mother.
Pregnant woman or mother.

During pregnancy, the mother-to-be is always in a highly sensitive condition. Additionally, most of the nutrition of the body is being absorbed by the baby inside her womb which could lead to weakness, and deteriorating immunity.

This is exceedingly dangerous because of the difficulty to treat the illness of a pregnant woman, considering that she could not freely drink medicines without having negative effects to the child. Thus, the body should have a stability, and imbalance in any way should be avoided.

Having an elevated uric acid in pregnancy is one of the many conditions that poses a great risk both to the mother and her unborn child since high levels of uric acid could lead to different diseases.

This is an important sign to look out for during pregnancy as it increases the possibility of developing either, or both gestational hypertension and diabetes. Another greater risk is the acquisition of a serious condition called preeclampsia.

Uric Acid

Purines are being metabolized by the body, which comes from the body’s synthesis itself, and from the food consumed. The excess amounts of purines will be broken down into a chemical called uric acid. It usually goes through the liver, then to the kidneys, and would be normally as a urine. A normal uric acid range for females is 2.4 to 6 mg/dL.

The elevated uric acid in pregnancy meant that there is an excessive amount of uric acid in the bloodstream, the kidneys may have a difficulty removing it adequately from the body. As a result, there would be a build-up of uric acid in the body that may lead to complications later on.

The Risks

Complications may arise when a person has elevated uric acid in pregnancy, especially during the first 20 weeks where the pregnant woman is at a greater risk of acquiring gestational diabetes and mild preeclampsia.

Gestational diabetes occurs in about 4 out of 10 pregnant women, and in this condition, the body would not be able to properly synthesize and consume the insulin hormones that regulates the blood sugar in the body.

Meanwhile, diagnosis of preeclampsia is when the pregnant woman have elevated blood pressure, or hypertension, which develops after the 20th week of pregnancy. Test could also be taken to determine the presence of protein in the urine called proteinuria, which is another symptom of preeclampsia.

The Effects

Gestational diabetes is left uncontrolled, there is a chance that the unborn child might develop high blood sugar as well. Since elevated uric acid in pregnancy also raises the level of glucose in the bloodstream, the large amount of sugar could enter the placenta.

All of the excess glucose would not be used for energy, but would only be stored as a fat in the baby’s body. This increases the risk for several of health complications such as breathing difficulty after birth and a greater chance of acquiring obesity or getting Type 2 diabetes.

On the other hand, preeclampsia could result to multiple organ damage and failure, and also complicates delivery that could be fatal both for the mother and the unborn child.


Elevated uric acid in pregnancy is also an indication of other health problems like kidney stones, and failures that could prove dangerous to the pregnant woman and the child.

One factor that increases the chances of uric acid elevation is obesity. Balanced and proper diet without too much sweets, and low-purine foods are ideal for consumption. Together with some exercise, and a regular trip to the doctor, a safe pregnancy could be achieved.


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