Ayurvedic Medicine and Treatment
Ayurveda is an ancient form of medicine which originated in India. It has been in use for the last 5000 years. It is a holistic system of medicine literally meaning “science of life.” According to ayurveda, life is a combination of body, soul, mind and senses. As the name would suggest ayurveda is not just a form of medicine but a way of life. According to ayurveda, the body is made up of earth, fire, water, air and space.
Basic Concept of Ayurveda
Ayurveda is based on concept that the human body contains three basic elements kapha, pitta and vata. As long as the three are balanced or in equilibrium, human being will be healthy. They are also called three doshas. Ayurvedic medicine and treatment are based on maintaining or restoring this equilibrium.
Ayurveda has been split into eight branches dealing with different branches of medicine. They are
· Kaya chikitsa- General Medicine
· Shalya chikitsa- Surgery
· Bala chikitsa- Pediatrics
· Urdhwanga chikitsa- ENT
· Jara chikitsa- Gerentorology
· Damstra chikitsa- Toxicology
· Vrishya chikitsa- Aphrodisiacs
· Graha chikitsa- Psychiatry
The Basics of Ayurvedic Healing
Modern medicine cures diseases. Ayurvedic medicine (treatment) not only cures diseases but also provides guidance on preventive measures for a healthy person not to fall sick.
Ayurvedic treatment and healing is based on
· Finding out a person’s constitution
· Locating the present imbalance in the body
· To find out whether the illness is due to genetic, emotional, psychological factors or life style
Ayurveda believes that unless the underlying causes of the disease are not removed, the disease cannot be cured. Ayurveda takes into consideration a person’s lifestyle. The cause of the disease could be poor diet, little exercise, stress, alcohol or tobacco. The treatment initially deals with emergency problems like high fever or asthma. Subsequent treatment will be to remove the underlying cause of illness. Then the detoxification and rejuvenation treatment will be given. The rejuvenation treatment is to strengthen the specific organs and tissues. The treatment also considers mental, physical, emotional, spiritual well being of a person. Then a variety of exercises, yoga, diet and relaxation techniques will be recommended. The treatment may also include massages, herbs, powders, tablets, medicated oils, decoctions and healing paste. All these are prepared from naturally available plants, herbs and minerals. Ayurvedic treatment does not cause any side effects.
Guidance on Diet
Ayurveda provides detailed instructions on the diet and activities that have to be followed. It provides guidance, as how to lead life in a balanced way. Ayurveda guides healthy people to continue leading a healthy life and the sick to become healthy. Ayurvedic treatment is based on the uniqueness of an individual. The advice on diet and living varies from one person to another. It believes that the treatment given to one person may not be suitable for another.