Back Pain: Understanding Causes And Symptoms
Back pain is a temporary or continuous pain originating from nerves, joints, bones, muscles, or other structures of the spine. Around 90 percent of people around the world suffer from back pain once in their lifetime. In most cases, a patient suffering from mild back pain gets cured within 1 to 2 weeks of pain onset. Moderate back pain has the tendency of getting healed within a span of 2 to 4 weeks. But a case of severe back pain can take several months or even years to get cured. Unfortunately, a person suffering from chronic back pain experiences debilitating pain and discomfort throughout his/her lifetime. Back pain problem gets worse with aging and longevity.
Due to the sometimes irreversible nature of back pain, it becomes very important to understand what causes back pain and what are back pain symptoms? Also, if you are having back pain, then knowing about the symptoms and causes can help you prevent back pain to some extent.
Back Pain Symptoms
- ·Continuous stiffness or aches in the spine
- ·Sharp pains in the lower back, upper back, or neck
- ·Severe muscle spasms in the spine
- ·Pain radiating from low back to buttocks, down to the thigh, and into the calves and toes
- ·Dull pain in the spine when lying down or getting up from bed
- ·Pain when changing positions such as from sitting to standing
- ·Early morning pain in the spine
- ·Intense bouts of back pain when driving a car or operating machinery
- ·Pain in the spine when doing household tasks such as vacuuming, picking a bucket of water, mopping the floor, or mowing lawns.
What Causes Back Pain
There are several pathological conditions that cause back pain and they are:
- Incorrect posture: The most common cause of back pain is incorrect posture of sitting and sleeping. In this case, the pain can be relieved with postural correction exercises and techniques. Postural Yoga exercises can also help curb back pain to some extent.
- Muscle or ligament strains, sprains, and spasms: A sudden ligament or muscle strain, sprain, or spasm can cause back pain. These injuries are considered to be mild and get cured within a few weeks.
- Osteoarthritis of the spine: A condition causing back pain where spinal joints and cartilages get degenerated due to an osteoarthritic disease process targeting the spine.
- Herniated disc: This is a condition caused by extensive wear and tear of the spine. Herniated disc is also commonly called as slipped disc that causes back pain. This can also caused by external trauma to the spinal canal.
- Osteoporosis: A condition in older women where bones get brittle and porous causing back pain and discomfort.
- Old age: Aging is another cause of back pain. As a person grows old, spine becomes weak and fragile causing discomfort and pain when doing activities of daily living.
- Fibromyalgia, spinal stenosis, motor vehicle accidents, spondylolisthesis, and sports injuries are other common conditions that cause back pain.
Unfortunately, any person in the world can have a sudden trigger of back pain and the intensities can range from mild to moderate and moderate to high but whatever is the reason of your back pain, understanding it causes and symptoms well in advance can help you prevent it to some extent.