ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Basic Facts About Cocaine - What Is Cocaine?

Updated on October 9, 2012
Coca leaves contain an alkaloid that is called cocaine and has been used in South America for hundreds of years as a medicine
Coca leaves contain an alkaloid that is called cocaine and has been used in South America for hundreds of years as a medicine | Source
Mariani wine used a Pope in an advertisement - this 'wine' contained a significant amount of cocaine.
Mariani wine used a Pope in an advertisement - this 'wine' contained a significant amount of cocaine. | Source
Famous people who used cocaine regularly when the drug was more acceptable in society.
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Sigmund Freud
King George V
Jules Verne
Robert Louis Stevenson
Sara Bernhart
It was also an active ingredient in the soft drink 'coca' - cola.

There's nothing new under the sun - even cocaine!

Cocaine? When you hear the name, it may well conjure up an image of chic, contemporary, rich folks, enjoying the drug at some exclusive party. However, cocaine is anything but modern. This drug goes back thousands of years and can be traced to the Incas of South America who used a plant called Coca, in which cocaine is stored. By chewing on the leaves, the Incas released the properties of the cocaine, acting not only as a pain relief but as a powerful stimulant for giving energy and endurance.

In Western society, so acceptable was the drug at one time, that Pope Leo XIII in the 19th century actually appeared on an advertising poster for 'Mariani Wine' that was loaded with cocaine. The manufacturer of this 'tonic' was given an award by the Pope because of its beneficial qualities - he is known to have went everywhere with a hip flask of the 'tonic'. It has, from that date, often been associated with the rich and famous. Even today many people have an image of cocaine being used only by the wealthy and celebrities.

This might have been the case a number of years ago, but today, the price of cocaine has dropped significantly and has come within the price range of less well off people.

The UK's National Health Service, National Treatment Agency for Substance Abuse, reported that increasing numbers of lower income people becoming cocaine users. In addition a significant number of this group were addicted to 'crack' cocaine. A UK Government report also revealed that the overall trend of cocaine addiction had increased by 17% in recent years.

Let's look then at some of the basic facts about this drug and why it's so addictive and potentially dangerous.

The main countries where cocaine comes from

show route and directions
A markercolumbia south america -
get directions

B markerperu south america -
get directions

C markerecuador south america -
get directions

D markerBolivia -
get directions

E markerVenezuela -
get directions

Coca leaves containing the alkaloid cocaine
Coca leaves containing the alkaloid cocaine | Source
Famous people who have died due to cocaine
John Belushi - due to a 'speedball' - a lethal mixture of cocaine and heroin
River Phoenix - due to a 'speedball'.
Whitney Houston
Hillel Slovak - due to 'speedball'
Chris Farley - due to speedball

The basic facts about cocaine

Here are some basic facts about cocaine taken from reports and articles issued by:

  • UK Government - Home Affairs Committee Reports
  • National Health Service UK
  • Talk to Frank UK
  • Drinkaware UK
  • BBC Health & News

Most of the information is from British sources therefore some terms, statistics etc., might be different from other countries.

Cocaine uses in medicine:

Cocaine has quite a number of uses in medicine such as:

  • Topical gel/paste or injection - known as a local anaesthetic - where it numbs the area to prevent pain being felt - for example during a minor medical procedure and dental procedures.
  • It is often used in medical preparations during some types of surgery due to it's excellent vaso-constriction qualities - basically it reduces bleeding. It is mostly used in surgery of the ear, nose and throat.

The basics about using cocaine illegally:

  • There are two forms of cocaine. A powder which is generally sniffed/snorted up the nose. The second form is known as 'crack' cocaine that comes in small lumps and smoked. Both forms of the drug can also be prepared to use in injection form.
  • Powder cocaine is also known as - 'coke', 'blow', 'charlie', 'snow', 'percy', 'C', 'toot' and others.
  • Crack Cocaine is also known as - 'rocks', 'stones' or 'base' and others.
  • Frequently when cocaine is bought it's not pure cocaine that users are buying. Often the drug has been 'cut' which means it is diluted and bulked up by things such as sugar, baking soda, and starch. However, chemicals are also often used such as - procaine, amphetamine (speed) and many others. This makes the drug seller more money as the 'cocaine' goes further. Sometimes the drug has been cut numerous times with various substances and the end 'cocktail' might well be a mixture of everything and anything apart from cocaine.
  • A UK Government report also stated that cocaine seized by police had been 'cut' using substances such as dog worming tablets, talcum powder, paracetamol and powdered bleach.
  • Crack Cocaine is smoked and gives an effect much quicker than powder cocaine sniffed into the nose. This is because when processing the cocaine with baking powder and heat, this produces a substance known as methylbenzoylecgonine or freebase cocaine. This crosses the blood-brain barrier at super speed leading to a fast effect. Powder that is snorted enters the blood stream, then the liver and only then will it enter the brain.
  • Crack cocaine effects last only about 10-15 minutes approximately, but powder snorted lasts roughly about 30 minutes. However, this can vary from person to person.

The facts about how cocaine affects the body

Short term:

  • Intense sense of euphoria, well being and energy and greater self confidence. During these periods people can act in irresponsible and even dangerous ways. Fatal accidents have also occurred due to being on a high from cocaine.
  • Raised heart beat
  • Loss of appetite
  • Increase in body temperature

When the drug wears off the 'crash' comes very quickly and can lead to:

  • Severe lowering of mood
  • People report feeling generally unwell
  • Agitation, irritability and paranoia
  • Lack of pleasure
  • Sleepiness
  • This often influences them to take more cocaine in order to reverse these unpleasant feelings.
  • Feelings of depression, anxiety and aggitation are among the main withdrawal symptoms.

When people are influenced to take more cocaine to make them feel better this is often when the road to addiction starts. However, addiction is not the only problem. The damage to the body can be severe. Let's have a look at what cocaine can actually do to you over a period of time.

The effects on the body from cocaine use are severe and can be fatal.
The effects on the body from cocaine use are severe and can be fatal. | Source

What does cocaine do to the body when used regularly?

When a person takes cocaine on a regular basis there are severe health problems that can arise. What the future implications are will depend on how long and how much of the drug is taken, but also the individual's family and health history will also impact on the affects of the drug.

Health implications of cocaine

The health problems below are the main ones that have been identified:

  • Panic attacks, anxiety.
  • Paranoia and persecution delusions. These mental health issues with cocaine frequently lead to severe aggressive outbursts that the person is unable to control.
  • Changes and damage to the brain can occur. In some cases people's personality has also been known to deteriorate due to drug addiction with cocaine.
  • A significant increased risk of heart attack, strokes, epilepsy, respiratory problems.
  • The side effects from withdrawal such as fatigue, loss of appetite, loss of libido and sense of well being. Regular users will experience 'washed-out' syndrome often going into a deep sleep for many hours or even days.
  • Oral/mouth problems. Cocaine can cause a significant amount of disease and damage to the teeth and gums of regular users.
  • People who become addicted and use cocaine long term often sustain severe damage to the nasal septum. Cocaine causes vasoconstriction - basically cutting off the blood supply to the nasal tissues. This can lead to necrosis - death of the tissues - requiring surgery to both remove part of the nose and in an attempt to rebuild it.
  • Lung problems can also occurr to people who smoke cocaine.
  • Skin conditions such as pruriginous skin rash, acne, skin infections and sores.
  • Injection of cocaine can initially lead to ulceration of the site and in particular the veins. This can lead to gangrene and amputation of limbs is not uncommon. Injection of any drug obviously increases the chance of contracting blood borne infections such as HIV and hepatitis.
  • Not only can a person become addicted to cocaine but the body also develops what is called 'tolerance'. This means that more and more of the drug is required in order to get the same 'hit' as previously.
  • Mixing cocaine with alcohol produces a highly toxic substance called 'cocaethylene'. UK Government reports state that an increase in sudden deaths by 20% can be attributed to this lethal mixture.

Cocaine is only superseded by one other drug - heroine.
Cocaine is only superseded by one other drug - heroine. | Source

Do you think that alcohol is a threat to the same extent as drugs like cocaine - in relation to affects on health, a danger to other people etc?

See results
It's not only alcohol that causes hangovers - cocaine does as well!
It's not only alcohol that causes hangovers - cocaine does as well! | Source

Cocaine use in the future?

It goes without saying that there is no one solution to the problem of drug use in general. People take drugs and/or alcohol initially because of the good feelings they create. There are many reasons in this day and age why this may be important to people. For example -

  • Socially - gives them greater confidence and feelings of well-being.,
  • Work - confidence, feelings of well being, energy, stamina.
  • Recreation - gives them the ability to fully relax and they enjoy the feeling of euphoria the drug gives.

The list is endless. It's also important to remember that taking substances to give you a thrill is not a new thing, it's been with us for many centuries.

However, no matter if it's today or in the past the drug was taken, the effects of 'confidence', 'energy', 'sociability', 'euphoria' are false! These feelings are not produced through any positive success or achievement. When the drug wears off, the user comes back into reality with a crash and often feeling even more inadequate than they did before. This not only occurs with cocaine of course, but with any drugs and alcohol.

We also have the same old story about why allow alcohol but drugs remain illegal? There is no easy answer to that either. Those who only take drugs for recreational purposes and are able to control it at this level feel that some drugs at least could be legalised. Others will violently oppose this but at the same time will go out and take alcohol - also known to seriously affect health and be a danger to other people, especially if drinking and driving etc. On the other hand, there is a nasty culture that surrounds the dealing and selling of drugs that has a very negative effect on vulnerable areas of society in particular. With alcohol you go to a pub and enjoy a drink in familiar surroundings with family and friends. With drugs, it's usually a secretive pass time.

Is it our attitude towards drugs and alcohol that needs to change? Most things taken in moderation usually doesn't cause any harm. However, as seems to be the trend for some in our society, it's the excess that does the damage. Binge drug taking and drinking is a trend, to the point where any enjoyment a person is supposed to feel must be numbed by the glut of intake. All that's left is inebriated people who have lost all sense of judgement and reason. Problems also arise when the feel-good factor that drugs/alcohol give people is more appealing than the normal, mundane everyday view of life or themselves. This can start the journey to addiction.

We need to learn self-control. Not only for our own health but for other people who might well be at risk from those under the influence of cocaine, alcohol - or any other substance people feel they need to enjoy themselves or make their life more tolerable.

© 2012 Helen Murphy Howell


Submit a Comment

  • akirchner profile image

    Audrey Kirchner 5 years ago from Washington

    From your lips to God's ears, Helen~ We just have to keep on trucking that's for sure.

  • Seeker7 profile image

    Helen Murphy Howell 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland

    Hi LW! Always great to have you stop by!

    That's interesting about the Coca Cola - I don't know how true this is, but in the early/mid 1970s there were stories that 'somthing' was removed from Coca Cola, because people had been mixing dissolvable aspirins with the drink and getting some kind of buzz!! As I said, this story was rife but how true it is, I have no idea. Hopefully someone reading this might remember something about this and set the facts right. But its shows just how Coca Cola has changes since its beginnings as a 'cure all'!

    Many thanks again LW always great to get such awesome comments from a wonderful writer!!!

  • Seeker7 profile image

    Helen Murphy Howell 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland

    Hi Alastar! As always it's a great pleasure to hear from you and read your wonderful comments.

    Things are getting better now. My Dad was quite ill there for a week or so with bronchitis, so I haven't been able to do much of anything lately, except get my 8 compulsory hubs for the apprenticeship! Dad is on the mend a bit, so hopefully will get more time on the old computer!!

    I remember John Belushi as well and the day that his death was announced - it was a shame and a waste of a talented person!

    Crack is still the same overhear and there is even stories about this stuff getting sold to primary school children! Where these kids would get the money from is anyone's guess but people do say that it's happening.

    I do agree, with the booze and the crack, no one stands a chance of keeping their life or their health together - they both seem to be substances that many folks just can't take a little of and be done with it. They seem to be compelled to go on frequent binges!! One Occultist I know, reckons that the alcohol and the crack emit warped but enticing energy from humans and this energy attracts very low and corrupted elementals that keep the need for this stuff going! Well, maybe he's got a point, who knows?

    Hope things are well with you Alastar and will get by for a visit soon. Take care and as always, lovely to get your take on things!

    PS - love the new photo!!!

  • thelyricwriter profile image

    Richard Ricky Hale 5 years ago from West Virginia

    Seeker, awesome article. Learned all kinds of cool facts that I had no idea about. I remember watching a documentary on how it was used back in the days in Coca-Cola, blew my mind. They thought it would cure anything. Seeker, great job on writing this article my friend. Hard work never goes unnoticed. Super job. Voted up, useful, awesome, interesting, and shared. Hope you have a great night and see you around:)

  • Alastar Packer profile image

    Alastar Packer 5 years ago from North Carolina

    You have really got it all down here on the cocaine, Helen. Nice job! John Belushi's death is remembered quite well. I was buying a girlfriends baby niece a yard-sale potty when we got the news. Kinda like where were you when you heard JFK had died. When crack started over here it was a destroyer let me tell you. Alcohol and crack are both decimeters of folks lives. How are you Helen my friend- goose hangin' high i hope!

  • Seeker7 profile image

    Helen Murphy Howell 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland

    Hi Audrey,

    I know what you mean about getting the time and not being able to get to the 15 - a very tall order especially when you have other work and chores to get on with.

    Yes, there are a few that are not on our apprentice team now - and badly missed as they were all excellent writers!

    Will keep your lad in my heart and thoughts - often they come through when we least expect it!

  • Seeker7 profile image

    Helen Murphy Howell 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland

    Hi annerivendell, many thanks for stopping by and glad you enjoyed the hub. I agree with you that we can't force others into our way of thinking. I think the problem lies though with the folks who can't control what they take - whether alcohol or drugs - and then they become a menance and a danger to society. When this happens, then others in society do have the right to put a stop on it in any way possible. For me personally, adults should have the right to choose for themselves what is good or bad for them, but be willing to accept the cost of doing so and provided, as said earlier that it affects no one apart from themselves.

    Many thanks again for your interesting comment and the vote up/share - much appreciated!

  • Seeker7 profile image

    Helen Murphy Howell 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland

    Hi Gypsy, lovely to hear from you and glad that you enjoyed the hub! Thankfully, I've never needed any of this stuff either but it must be a terrible experience for those who are addicted. I know one friend of mine, her daughter became addicted to cocaine through using the drug recreationally. Thankfully, her daughter did go into rehab and managed to give up for good. She is now an outreach worker, working with addicts and their families.

  • Seeker7 profile image

    Helen Murphy Howell 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland

    fpherj48 - what a sweet comment to make about Roy and Gayle! And yes, like you I hope the farmer get his just rewards - but life usually has a way of settling the balance. It can take a while, but he will have to face what he has done in some way.

    Many thanks!

  • annerivendell profile image

    annerivendell 5 years ago from Dublin, Ireland

    Great Hub. Well researched and well written. I've never done drugs, but it seems recreational drug use has been around forever and probably always will be. I don't believe that we can force others to behave the way we think they should do, but it's important to be informed about what you're doing. This hub certainly does inform. Voted up and shared.

  • Gypsy Rose Lee profile image

    Gypsy Rose Lee 5 years ago from Riga, Latvia

    Thanks for this absolutely fascinating and interesting hub. Never knew much about this substance just what I've seen in the movies and that's where I'll leave it. Never would try this. Thanks for all the work you did on this hub and passing it on.

  • fpherj48 profile image

    Paula 5 years ago from Beautiful Upstate New York

    You have made me both sad and happy,telling me about Roy & Gayle.....I hope that farmer plows right into the side of his barn and a whole bale of hay knocks him out! Creep.......To hurt these babies is glad Roy was given a home and love from a nice family.

  • akirchner profile image

    Audrey Kirchner 5 years ago from Washington

    Definitely truer words were never spoken, Helen. I pray for our oldest boy night and day but if he doesn't see the validity of his addiction needing correction...sad, sad, sad.

    As to the hubs--yes indeed--I'm feeling a bit overwhelmed at the moment and the only thing I've noticed on the forum is how many MORE people are missing--not sure what happened but afraid to ask! Like you, I just put my nose to the grindstone and keep writing when I can--I have a feeling I might not make the 15 this month and may have to "settle" for 8. I've been bumped up on my hours at one of my many jobs and it is putting a damper on my writing time~ Go figure!!

  • Seeker7 profile image

    Helen Murphy Howell 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland

    Hi again Mr Happy, I meant to say that I have had to change the 'skin conditions' bit. When you pointed out about the 'cocaine bugs' I had another look at the way I had written this information down and found it was in the wrong place anyway, it should have been under 'long-term' health problems.

    So apologies to everyone who has read the hub for this error that has now been corrected!

  • Seeker7 profile image

    Helen Murphy Howell 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland

    Hey Audrey! Always a pleasure to hear from you - I've not been around much lately on HP except for doing the hubs, so I've a lot to catch up with!!! Have you managed to get onto the forum and stuff? This month I'm finding it difficult to do anything but write hubs!!! LOL!

    Anyway, glad that you found the hub interesting. People who have experienced drug abuse in their family are the best ones to educate others about how drugs and/or alcohol can affect someone they love and I do agree Audrey, it has to come from them and the real wish to stop has to be genuine. It's heartbreaking though to see someone who not only you love but who has so much potential in other ways, feel that they need to have this stuff in order to feel right about themselves!

    Many thanks again!

  • Seeker7 profile image

    Helen Murphy Howell 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland

    Hello teaches12345, as always a great pleasure to hear from you and glad that you found the hub interesting. I agree with you 100% that folks do need to try to get through without drugs or alcohol. These substances produce 'feel good' feelings that only come from harmful manipulation of chemicals in the body and not through any real or beneficial way. Once the drug wears off not only are the back to feeling the same way, but a lot worse than they did before.

  • Seeker7 profile image

    Helen Murphy Howell 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland

    Hi Mr Happy - it's always an honour and a pleasure to hear from you and many thanks for your idepth and wonderful comments!

    1. In the UK the NHS drug treatment centers have found a significant increase in 'working class' people coming in to them with cocaine addiction as opposed to primarily 'middle-class' people a number of years ago. The UK Government Reports also state a drop in street value for the drug in the UK that now brings cocaine into the price range - just - of lower paid people.

    2. 'Cocaine bugs' can be felt by addicts. Often its described as itchy, crawling, creeping feeling and may well be an hallucination affect. Cocaine addicts are also prone to other skin conditons such as acne and skin sores. The Journal of Clinical Dermatology, sites a few cases of long-term cocaine users who presented with 'itchy' skin conditions such as a pruriginous skin rash along with infections.

    As you rightly say Mr H, it's not an easy subject to talk about - I've witnessed discussions between good friends and families about drugs and before long, with most of them, the teeth were snarling and the fur was flying!!! So yes I do believe self-control is definitely required - what chance have we got though if some folks can't even discuss the matter without anger?

    Mr H, thank you once again for your visit. I always love your profound insights and commentary! Best wishes, Helen/Seeker7

  • Seeker7 profile image

    Helen Murphy Howell 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland

    Hi Alecia, many thanks for stopping by and for leaving such a great comment.

    I have to say that I agree with you about the problems of integrating drugs such as cocaine into society without there being a backlash of extreme proportions. Having said that, I think one of the biggest problems is that drugs are now such an ingrained part of society whether people like it or not and the issue is not going to go away. So, is it safer to have things out in the open so to speak or keep it hidden and criminalised? There is no easy answer at all and I think keeping on going with education and trying as much as possible to get people to see how drugs are a no-win situation and hopefully make them unfashionable. Another problem however, is that if you look at history, drugs and alcohol were always problems where, in particular, poverty and quality of life is very low. So it needs to be a multi task solution for a multi pronged problem.

    Your response was great and many thanks again for stopping by!

  • Seeker7 profile image

    Helen Murphy Howell 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland

    Hi Sunshine625, many thanks for stopping by and glad that you enjoyed the hub!

  • Seeker7 profile image

    Helen Murphy Howell 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland

    Hi fpherj48, many thanks for stopping by and glad that you found the hub interesting - that is a lovely comment you left and I'm very flattered! Thank you!

    I agree with you to keep the education going and educating kids as young as possible. The younger the mind the easier it is to shape the mind into what the child will be as an adult. If it can be shown that drugs or alcohol for that matter isn't needed to enjoy yourself, feel confident or attractive or to feel good - but actually the opposite, then we may begin to win at least some of the battle.

    My Border Collie is called Roy - he's an absolute sweetheart! We've had him for about 3 years now and got him from rescue. His beginnings were not good, he was badly beaten and traumatised by a farmer and at one point they thought that both him and another bitch Border Collie called Gayle, would have to be euthanised. Luckily this didn't happen and both have very happy lives now!

  • Seeker7 profile image

    Helen Murphy Howell 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland

    Hi AlexK2009, many thanks for stopping by and glad that you enjoy the hub.

  • Seeker7 profile image

    Helen Murphy Howell 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland

    Hey Frank many thanks for the visit always a pleasure to hear from you glad that you enjoyed the hub!

  • Seeker7 profile image

    Helen Murphy Howell 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland

    Hi teresapelka, many thanks for stopping by and for leaving such an interesting comment. I agree with you in particular about kids being taught at school of the dangers of not just drugs but alcohol as well. One programme that has been shown on UK tv actually films people who are out drinking and then plays it back to them when they are sober - a very shocking experience for them and it immediately had an impact on how much they drank in future. Programmes like this obviously work, when people see that they are not 'cool' when the drink, they just look dumb!

  • Seeker7 profile image

    Helen Murphy Howell 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland

    Many thanks unknnown spy - glad you found the hub interesting!!

  • akirchner profile image

    Audrey Kirchner 5 years ago from Washington

    Wow Helen--unbelievable with your pictures and layout! Simply stunning. Definitely good information and wish they would be stricter about cocaine and alcohol use as we've had our own bad experiences within our family with abuse. Though I do have to say from our experience with our son, laws probably won't matter unless the person actually wants and seeks help--and realizes that it is an ongoing issue for the rest of their life.

  • teaches12345 profile image

    Dianna Mendez 5 years ago

    Wow, this a great hub on the facts of cocaine. Well designed. I learned much about its history, uses and how it affects the body. You are so right, people must learn how to deal with life without the use of drugs to mask their feelings, emotions and to get through pain. Voted up.

  • Mr. Happy profile image

    Mr. Happy 5 years ago from Toronto, Canada

    "today, the price of cocaine has dropped significantly" - Maybe if You live in Bolivia. Haha!! The price doubled and the quality in many cases dropped in the last few years, mainly due to all the killings along the Mexican-U.S. border.

    "dog worming tablets" - Lovely ... people are sniffing dog worming tablets ... hey, at least they'll be free of dog worms.

    "Extremely itchy skin sometimes called 'cocaine bugs'." - This might be a myth. I have heard about this side-effect from prescription pills but not from using cocaine. Maybe it was cut with Percocet, or something like that.

    "However, no matter if it's today or in the past the drug was taken, the effects of 'confidence', 'energy', 'sociability', 'euphoria' are false!" - Whoever is indulging in mind-altering substances to gain confidence, energy or to fit-in socially, has some serious issues to deal with (even before taking drugs). On the other hand, if one is looking for euphoria, mind-altering substances can certainly deliver that. In my opinion such substances should be used either for entertainment or for spiritual matters. One should not be sniffing cocaine to lose weight, although that is possible. Just because we can do something it does not necessarily mean that we should.

    "With drugs, it's usually a secretive pass time." - No secrets like that here. One can come over and smoke a joint with me any day. Haha!!

    "We need to learn self-control." - I think this is great advice. Also know who You are buying your chemical mind-altering substances from - just so You're not sniffing dog worming pills (and I am not speaking of You here lol - just saying, in general). If it's weed, things are not as risky but when it comes to chemicals, Death is not far. What I usually tell people is: "Know what You're fucking with." I know it doesn't sound too nice but it's my best advice given with Love.

    Thank You for a great article. Very informative and the subject is not one which is often talked about; not a very easy one to talk about either.

    All the best!

  • Alecia Murphy profile image

    Alecia Murphy 5 years ago from Wilmington, North Carolina

    When Rick Jame said on Chappelle's show that, "Cocaine was a h*** of a drug." I believed him. I just don't think there's a logical way for it to be integrated into society without posing a tremendous threat. Alcohol poses a threat but unlike coke it no longer has a street value. Since prohibition ended, things seem to be working. I can't see the same happening for cocaine. It might give someone confidence but are people that low in self- esteem they need to take coke? I would hope not. This is a fascinating hub and I'm sure it will facilitate a healthy conversation on drugs and society.

  • Sunshine625 profile image

    Linda Bilyeu 5 years ago from Orlando, FL

    Hi Seeker! Interesting facts about cocaine. I never knew the history of it, but I do now. Thanks!

  • fpherj48 profile image

    Paula 5 years ago from Beautiful Upstate New York

    This hub is EXCELLENT and and an eye-opening education. Speaking of....Your hub would be just the thing for all schools to use as a model for Drugs 101......and should be required for every child 12 and up.....annually, until the facts are ingrained into their brains! You have done a wonderful job and IMO, this is Page One Google material!! UP++ and shared.

    btw....LOVE your Border Collie.... am the proud Mom of a 4 year old...boy...."Taz"...he's fiercely devoted to me. and I lovehim.

  • AlexK2009 profile image

    AlexK2009 5 years ago from Edinburgh, Scotland

    Great hub summarizing a lot of things as fairly as possible.

  • Frank Atanacio profile image

    Frank Atanacio 5 years ago from Shelton

    wow what an interesting fact filled hub.. yeah...

  • teresapelka profile image

    Teresa Pelka 5 years ago from Dublin, Ireland

    I've never taken drugs or drunk high percent alcohol - I don't believe there is any sense to expose the nervous system.

    Drugs happen to be part the popular culture; everyone should learn at school what they actually do to neurons - I'd be maybe like others but my learning about the nervous system.

    Drug users probably realize the adverse effects in a way (or many ways), but it is sometimes probably too late to learn, when you have put yourself to the narcotic experience.

    To the reading experience (!)

  • unknown spy profile image

    IAmForbidden 5 years ago from Neverland - where children never grow up.

    Wow! Thanks for this info Seeker!


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: ""

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)