ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Bed Bug Bites – Pictures, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Updated on November 4, 2013

A bed bug is a type of insect belonging to the cimicidae family of insects. It is a wingless, tiny, and somewhat reddish parasite which feeds on human and animal blood for survival. An adult bed bug can grow anywhere between 5 mm to 7 mm, while an infant bed bug can be as small as 1.5 mm.

Beg bugs crawl quickly and thus move from one area to another. Their body is flattened and is somewhat similar in appearance to a cockroach. Bed bugs tend to replicate and grow in ideal temperatures of about seventy to eight degrees Fahrenheit. They are capable of reproducing three generations of bed bugs in only one year.

Bed bugs can occur in any part of your home. However, they are more commonly found in the bedroom. They tend to occur as groups in beds, mattresses, box springs, bed frames, furniture cracks, upholstered furniture, and the closet.

It is possible to recognize a bed bug infestation when you notice egg cases, shed skins, and fecal stains in the above listed hiding places of bed bugs.Bed bugs can survive without feasting on human or animal blood for nearly a year. Hence, they may also be found living in unused human dwellings.

Before World War II, bed bugs were quite widespread in America. However, after the wide-ranging use of DDTs in the 1940s and 50s, they were nearly completely eradicated. Currently, due to increased immigration and travel, as well as presence of laws that prohibit the use of some types of pesticides, bed bugs have once again become a bother in the US.

Symptoms of bed bug bites

A few signs and symptoms that may accompany bed bug bites are as follows:

  • Beg bug bites are generally not painful. Hence, they often go unnoticed. Bed bugs eject their saliva when biting. This saliva has anticoagulant and anesthetic properties. Hence, the blood does not clot and affected people do not feel pain.
  • Itchiness and irritation of skin areas affected by bed bug bites may only arise a few hours after the bite. Sometimes, the itching may occur after some days or even a week.
  • The occurrence of adverse symptoms of bed bug bites and its severity are dependent on the skin’s sensitivity to the chemicals released during the bite. In most instances, patients may experience itching, redness, and inflammation or swelling.
  • Bed bug bites usually result in the formation of tiny, raised or flattened bumps on the skin. If the bed bugs suck blood sequentially, then the bumps may occur in a group.
  • A bed bug bite often looks like a mosquito or flea bite. However, bed bug bites can be easily differentiated due to the characteristic smell of their secretions and the presence of dark fecal marks on the bed linen as well as near their hiding spots.
  • Patients may often scratch at the bed bug bites to alleviate the itchiness. Excessive scratching can tear the skin. The resultant wound is then at greater risk to getting infected by bacteria or other pathogens.

Doctors currently believe that no infectious germs get transmitted via bed bug bites. However, many researchers are trying to verify the hypothesis that bed bugs may possibly carry the pathogen which causes American trypanosomiasis.

Causes of bed bug bites

  • Bed bugs tend to thrive and grow rapidly in crowded and unhygienic residential areas with poor sanitation. They can also be found in homes built near the nesting sites of birds or mammals.
  • Bed bugs can also be commonly found in areas where people often congregate, including multiplexes or cinema halls, laundries, public transportation systems, and office buildings.
  • Bed bugs do not have wings and hence cannot fly. They can however crawl very fast and cling on to clothing, bed sheets, etc. Bed bugs can thus easily relocate to a new room or a new area, and then multiply.
  • Bed bugs can comfortably travel inside suitcases, apparels, etc. and thus migrate from one hotel to another, or to homes, offices, and restaurants. The other way round is also possible.
  • Bed bugs are typically nocturnal creatures. They will crawl out of their hiding places and feed on the victim’s blood when he/she is asleep. Bed bug bites usually occur on the exposed skin areas.

Treatment of bed bug bites

Bed bug bites are not dangerous and generally do not require medical treatment. Some of the treatment options for bed bug bites are listed below:

  • Intense and continuous itchiness can be reduced by application of steroid creams and/or topical antihistamines.
  • Secondary bacterial infections of bed bug bites can be treated with antibiotics
  • Wash the affected area with soap and cold water. Then apply lemon juice on it and let it stay for an hour. Later, wash again with cold water.
  • Lavender sprays can alleviate skin irritation
  • Application of varied herb pastes such as black pepper, red pepper, and black walnut also helps.

Application of ice on bed bug bites can provide relief.

Bed Bug BItes Pictures

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Neil 

      21 months ago

      I would also like to know how to get rid of them??

    • profile image

      dustin 

      3 years ago

      How do u get rid of them

    • medicalhub profile imageAUTHOR

      medicalhub 

      4 years ago

      Check for bedbugs hidden inside your furniture, bedding and mattress.

      Thank you for appreciating my content. Please do go through my other posts

    • profile image

      gerald. 

      4 years ago

      i have to wonder if i have bed bugs. thanks for the info!

    • profile image

      vipin 

      4 years ago

      Its amazing, looking at the time and effort you put into your blog and detailed information you provide. I'll bookmark your blog and visit it weekly for your new posts.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)