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Health Benefits Of Lauki or Bottle Gourd

Updated on July 17, 2020
rajan jolly profile image

Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.


Latin Name : Lagenaria siceraria

About Bottle Gourd

In India, it is known as Doodhi, Lauki or Ghia.

Other names for bottle gourd are; long melon, opo squash, calabash, bottle squash, white gourd etc.

The plant is a vine that can climb to over 12 feet. It produces edible fruits that are eaten as a vegetable. The fruit is available in a variety of shapes and sizes as can be seen in the photos alongside.

Bottle gourd should preferably be eaten with its skin.

In ancient times, however, this plant was grown for its fruits which were used for storing water. Bottle gourd is native to Africa.

Apart from being eaten, the fruit is used in various other ways - as a container for storing water, to making utensils of different types, making musical instruments especially percussion instruments, pipes used for smoking tobacco, etc.

Before cooking bottle gourd it has to be ensured that it is not bitter, as the bitter one contains Tetracyclic Triterpenoid compounds, the Cucurbitacins, which are not only bitter but toxic as well, and can be fatal in large doses especially when bottle gourd juice is consumed.

Different Varieties Of Bottle Gourds, Seeds ,Flowers

Click thumbnail to view full-size
bottle gourd seedsyellow bottle gourd flowerwhite bottle gourd flower
bottle gourd seeds
bottle gourd seeds | Source
yellow bottle gourd flower
yellow bottle gourd flower | Source
white bottle gourd flower
white bottle gourd flower | Source

Nutrition Facts : Bottle Gourd

  1. Rich in fiber.
  2. Very low in fat and cholesterol free.
  3. Contains over 95% water.
  4. Rich in iron, Vitamin C and B complex.
  5. Low in sodium and high in potassium. Also contains good amounts of the minerals, calcium and phosphorus.

Some Health Benefits Of Bottle Gourd

  • It is cooling and rehydrates the body and relieves excessive thirst.
  • Improves the liver function, is useful in urinary problems and is a diuretic.
  • Relieves mental tension and improves sleep.
  • It is alkaline in nature, decreases acidity, is useful in correcting stomach disorders, relieves constipation, indigestion, diarrhoea and piles.
  • Flushes the toxins, removes kidney stones.
  • Reduces blood pressure and heart problems.
  • The high fibre content keeps one full and reduces hunger pangs.

Bottle Gourds As Musical Instruments

Click thumbnail to view full-size
The Ghanaian beaded gourd instrument axatse.Guiro musical instrument from Cubathe maracas of South & Central American originRudra Veena from IndiaSitar from IndiaCora, a harp-lute from West Africa
The Ghanaian beaded gourd instrument axatse.
The Ghanaian beaded gourd instrument axatse. | Source
Guiro musical instrument from Cuba
Guiro musical instrument from Cuba | Source
the maracas of South & Central American origin
the maracas of South & Central American origin | Source
Rudra Veena from India
Rudra Veena from India | Source
Sitar from India
Sitar from India | Source
Cora, a harp-lute from West Africa
Cora, a harp-lute from West Africa | Source

Some Natural Remedies With Bottle Gourd

  • For Scorpion Bite

A paste of bottle gourd applied on the bitten spot as well as drinking its bottle gourd juice neutralizes the poison.

  • For Diarrhea

Grate bottle gourd, boil and strain it and then mix it in curd. Add salt to taste. Consuming this will relieve diarrhoea.

  • Kidney Pain

Heat small pieces of bottle gourd. Now take out its juice. Massage the area of pain with this juice. Also, applying the pulp prepared above relieves pain immediately.

  • Burning Of Soles Of The Feet

The pulp of bottle gourd rubbed on the soles relieves the heat and burning sensation.

  • Toothache

Take 75 gms bottle gourd, 20 gms garlic cloves. Grind both and add to 1 litre of water. Boil this mixture till water the quantity reduces by half. Strain and swish this water around in the mouth for relief.

  • Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Make a pulp of bottle gourd. Add powdered candy sugar and eat regularly for relief.

  • Piles

Make a paste of bottle gourd leaves and apply on the affected area for relief.

  • Jaundice

Roast a bottle gourd on low fire till it becomes soft. Take out its juice. Add some candy sugar and drink.
It relieves sluggish liver and benefits in jaundice.

  • Heart Disease

To 1 cup of bottle gourd juice add some black pepper powder and mint and drink.
Ensure beforehand the bottle gourd is not bitter before juicing it. This is very important.

  • Cholera

Drink 25 ml bottle gourd juice to which juice of 1/2 a lemon has been added.

  • High cholesterol

Oil of bottle gourd seeds reduces cholesterol, clears the arteries and gives strength to the heart. consume as per manufacturer's recommendations.

  • Oral Rehydration Therapy/Diarrhea

Bottle gourd juice if taken with a pinch of salt and sugar to taste acts as an oral rehydration solution.

  • Stomach Diseases Like Gas/Acidity/Ulcer/Indigestion etc

Drink bottle gourd juice daily.

  • Insomnia

Mix some sesame oil in bottle gourd juice and massage the soles of the feet to bring on sleep.

  • Gout

Tie pulp of bottle gourd on the affected joint for relief.

  • Nose Bleed

Boil bottle gourd and consume.

  • Facial Pigmentation/Freckles

Apply the pulp of bottle gourd on the face for some time.

  • Pimples

Apply bottle gourd juice mixed with lemon juice on the face.


Ensure the bottle gourd is not bitter by tasting the raw one before cooking or making juice.

The bitter bottle gourd is toxic and should not be consumed.




The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies, supplements or starting a new health regime.

Lauki - Bottle Gourd Raita

Lauki - Bottlegourd Kofta Punjabi Style

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2013 Rajan Singh Jolly


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    • karynklairekoski profile image

      Karyn Klaire Koski 

      5 years ago from Toronto

      The "calabash" is indeed a very interesting vegetable, wonderful report. Did you know that it is a very important symbolic tool used in some of the more metaphysical aspects of Feng Shui? The shape represents a vessel to hold illness and is often placed in areas of a home to represent the "form" of a feng shui cure.

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      6 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      abediah you can purchase from Amazon.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      searching for oil here in USA,normally we can easily from the market in India but we have to search here to get ,for use if any one knows where to find it can you please tell me ,thank you.

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      7 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      Thanks moonlake, for reading, appreciating and sharing.

    • moonlake profile image


      7 years ago from America

      Very interesting hub and something I never heard of . Voted up and sharing.

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      7 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      Thanks Indian Chef. I love to eat ghia raita.

    • Indian Chef profile image

      Indian Chef 

      7 years ago from New Delhi India

      As a child I never enjoyed eating Ghiya ki sabji but my mom pushed it down to my throat. But Now knowing how beneficial it is to my body i have started to eat more and it up.

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      7 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      I agree with you GTF. There is much in this world we do not know about. Thanks for apppreciating this information.

    • Glimmer Twin Fan profile image

      Claudia Mitchell 

      7 years ago

      Fascinating. I have never heard of bottle gourd. I am always amazed at how many different vegetables there are around the world. Thanks!

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      7 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      @ Peggy - bottle gourds do grow to various sizes and shapes as well. You might find them in the Asian produce section of your store. Thanks for stopping by.

      @ Rasma - I'm glad you learnt about a new food. thanks for the visit.

      @ Carol - thanks for stopping by.

      @ Arun - thank you.

      @ John - I knew you'd be interested in gout remedies. Thanks for sparing time to visit.

    • JCielo profile image


      7 years ago from England

      Hi Rajan. Another top notch hub.

      I'm particularly interested in the gout relief remedy. I had not come across this particular gout remedy before. I'll delve more into it as a result of your hub. Thanks.

      Up and useful.

    • ARUN KANTI profile image


      7 years ago from KOLKATA

      Thank you very much for sharing the valuable information.

    • carol7777 profile image

      carol stanley 

      7 years ago from Arizona

      I just get healthier everyday. Thanks for information on this..Would never have given it a second thought. Now I will. Voting up and sharing.

    • Gypsy Rose Lee profile image

      Gypsy Rose Lee 

      7 years ago from Daytona Beach, Florida

      Voted up and interesting. Thanks for another informative and fascinating hub. Never heard of this bottle gourd before. Will look into it. Thanks for sharing and passing this on.

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      7 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      Man from Modesto, check the 4 th link in the references I have given for your answer. Thanks.

    • Man from Modesto profile image

      Man from Modesto 

      7 years ago from Kiev, Ukraine (formerly Modesto, California)

      14.000 years? I'm curious, what is the source of that information?

    • Peggy W profile image

      Peggy Woods 

      7 years ago from Houston, Texas

      Hi Rajan,

      I have never seen these for sale in a grocery store for consumption but have probably played with them as maracas. Looking at the musical instruments in the photos it is obvious that the bottle gourds can grow to impressive sizes. UUI votes and will definitely share.

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      7 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      - Thanks Soumen. Glad you found it informative. Thanks for sharing it as well.

      Devika - bottle gourds are both healthy and versatile. Thanks for reading.

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Very useful and informative hub Rajan. Sharing and voted up!

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      7 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      Thanks bill. We use this quite a lot in cooking. It is a very versatile vegetable. Nice to see you again and you have a wonderful weekend as well.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 

      7 years ago from Olympia, WA

      I have never had this, Rajan, although this year we are going to grow some gourds because we want to use them for birdhouses. Great research and information, and have a wonderful weekend my friend.

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 

      7 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Interesting about Bottle Gourd, it is such a good tasting vegetable, and the meals are such great ideas. You always inform us on unique information about food thanks for this hub.

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      7 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      Corey, thanks! I'm glad this hub was useful to you. Appreciate your visit and comments.

    • cabmgmnt profile image


      7 years ago from Northfield, MA

      You are so efficient when discussing the benefits of a food. I never knew that bottle gourd could be eaten. I have seen them dried and used to make bird houses or instruments but I have never seen the produce fresh. Thanks for teaching me something new today!


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