Benefits of Coriander, Ground Coriander and Its Seeds for Health
Origin And Distribution
Latin Name: Coriandrum sativum
Coriander leaves are known as cilantro and the seeds of the cilantro plant are called coriander in the United States. It is also known as Chinese Parsley. In India, cilantro leaves and the seeds, both, are called coriander or dhania.
For understanding purposes, I will use the term cilantro, for the coriander leaves and coriander, for the coriander seeds.
Cilantro plant is native to Asia, Southern Europe, and the Middle East. It is a widely used herb. The leaves have a strong pungent smell with a strong flavour. Cilantro and coriander are much used in Indian, Asian, Middle Eastern, American and Spanish cooking. It improves the taste and flavour of food.
Cilantro Rice Recipe
How Coriander & Cilantro is Used in Food
Coriander seeds and cilantro, the green leaves are both used in Indian cooking. Ground coriander seeds/coriander powder is used as a spice mixture along with other spices in daily cooking of Indian curries and veggies.
A chutney made of cilantro and mint with onions and garlic is very popular in India. Also, split coriander seeds, roasted to make chewable and called dhania ki dal is also a very popular mouth freshener.
Coriander and cilantro are used in pickles, chutneys, curries, marinates besides being used in garnishing food. Always crush the coriander seeds just before adding to foods as they lose their flavour quickly.
Cilantro should be added to food dishes after they are cooked as adding it to food while cooking destroys its nutritive constituents.
In India, since ancient times coriander has been used both as food as well as medicine.
Cilantro Leaves And Seeds Nutrition Facts
Cilantro contains many compounds which have antioxidant properties. The flavour of coriander and cilantro is due to the fatty acids and volatile oils in it. Coriander is rich in dietary fibre providing as much as 42 gms fibre in 100 gms of coriander. This fibre helps in lowering the LDL cholesterol as it binds to the bile salts.
Coriander contains very good amounts of minerals like iron, copper, calcium, potassium, manganese, magnesium and zinc. It also has high levels of vitamin C. Coriander is also a storehouse of the B complex vitamins, esp thiamine, niacin, and riboflavin.
Coriander oil is extracted from the seeds and contains antibacterial properties and is rich in phytonutrients, flavonoids, and active phenolic compounds.
Coriander Essential Oil
Coriander Oil and its Use
Coriander oil is a sweet and spicy, warm oil with almost colourless to pale yellow coloured and of watery consistency. It is extracted from the seeds of the cilantro plant, by steam distillation.
It helps in reducing brain fag, tension, migraine, and nervous weakness. Also relieves gas and stomachache, controls rheumatic and arthritic pains, muscle spasms, benefits in colds and flu. It removes toxins and wastes.
One can use it in hot water used for taking steam and the vapours of this oil or put it in bathwater or massage it for pain relief.
It is also used in creams and lotions for benefit in such cases.
Coriander seeds (Coriander sativum)
Nutritional value per 100 g
(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
Percentage of RDA
Cilantro is a digestive and appetite stimulant.
Helps in the secretion of gastric juices, relieves gas, indigestion, and stomach ache.
Controls fever and diarrhoea.
Relieves colds and removes phlegm.
Relieves insomnia, brings on urine, controls blood sugar and cholesterol, checks free radical damage.
Being antibacterial it controls salmonella infection.
Uses Of Cilantro Leaves And Cilantro Seeds For Health
To remove body heat, soak coriander and caraway seeds in water. Strain the water in the morning. Add sugar to this water before drinking. It cools the body.
In Thyroid Problems
In an overactive or underactive thyroid function, take 5 tsp coriander. Soak in 200 ml water and boil. Strain and drink when cool, half quantity in morning and the other half in the evening.
As A Breath Freshener
Chewing cilantro keeps the mouth and breath fresh. Chewing coriander after eating onions or garlic masks their smell.
For Blood In Stools
Grind 15 gm coriander. Add 12 gms candy sugar. mix and drink for relief.
In Loose motions After Having Food
If you have bowel movements after every meal take this. Add black salt to coriander and take 1 spoon of this after meals to get rid of this problem.
In Warts & Moles
Grind the coriander and make a paste with water. Apply on them.
In Stomachache of children, Mucus and Indigestion
Boil a mixture of coriander and dry ginger in 200 ml of water. When 100 ml of water remains, remove from heat. Strain, cool and drink this for relief.
In Excessive Sneezing
Inhale the aroma of fresh coriander leaves for relief.
Grind fresh cilantro, take out the juice. take 5 tsp of this juice a few times to stop vomiting. Even pregnant women can take this to get relief.
To Prevent Heat Stroke
Drink sugar mixed coriander water.
In Summer Diseases
Soak 5 tsp coriander in 2 glasses of water at night. In the morning add candy sugar to taste and drink. It relieves the burning sensation during urination and stoppage of urine. It also relieves giddiness and nausea due to heat and also stops nose bleed due to hot weather.
For immediate relief of hot weather giddiness, vomiting, and heart palpitations.
Crush 100 gms coriander. Soak in 500 ml water. Keep for 1 hour. Then take out half a cup of this water, strain and add 5 Batasas, stir well till it mixes in the water. Drink this water every 3 hours for benefit.
In Throat Pain & Burning Sensation In The Throat
Chew 2 tsp coriander and suck the juice so formed every 3 hours. It benefits all types of throat pains. If you wish, add candy sugar to this.
For Burning Sensation In The Body
Soak 4 tsp coriander in the water at night. Heat this water in the morning. Strain and drink. Add candy sugar to this if you wish to.
For Burning Sensation In Hands & Feet
Grind coriander and candy sugar. Take equal quantities of both. Take 2 tsp of this mixture with cold water 4 times a day. This gives relief in burning micturition, heat in the body and stops bleeding in piles.
For Burning Sensation During Urination & Blood In Urine
Soak 15 gm coriander in the water at night. In the morning whisk this up in a mixer. Strain and mix candy sugar. This helps in normalising increased heartbeat too.
In Stoppage Of Urine & Blood In Urine
To 500 ml of boiling water add 30 gms coarsely crushed coriander at night. In the morning mix this well and strain. Add 30 gms Batasas ( Batashas are Candied Sugar Drops. Video on making Batashas is given here.)to this. Drink this water 5 times a day in equal quantities.
In Asthma & Asthmatic Cough
Grind coriander and candy sugar. Drink this with rice water for benefit.
A. Grind cilantro. Add water and sugar. Drink this for relieving insomnia and headaches.
B. Eat cilantro chutney for relief.
For Excessive Bleeding In Menses
A. Add 20 gms coriander to 20 ml water and boil till 50 ml water remains. Strain and add candy sugar. Cool and drink.
B. Mix ground coriander, brown sugar, and ghee. Eating this too helps in giving relief.
In Brain Weakness
Grind 125 gm coriander. Boil in 500 ml water till 125 ml water remains. Strain and add 125 gms candy sugar. Heat this again till it thickens. remove from heat. Lick 2 tsp of this every day. It relieves darkness before eyes due to weakness due to brain weakness and colds too.
A. Inhaling vapours of cilantro juice and applying crushed cilantro on the head helps in stopping the bleeding.
B. Soak coriander in the water at night. In the morning mix candy sugar in this and drink.
C. Soak 10 raisins, 2 tsp coriander, and 2 tsp candy sugar in 200 ml water at night. Grind all these in the morning. Strain and drink.
Put 2 tsp coriander in 200 ml water. Boil and strain. Make 3 parts of this and drink 3 times a day.
Applying juice of cilantro on the bald spots helps in the growth of new hair.
In Loss Of Appetite
Drink 30 ml cilantro juice every day.
Take 60 gms coriander, 25 gms black peppercorns, and 25 gms salt. Grind these and take 1/2 tsp after every meal with water.
Take 1/2 tsp each of ground coriander and ground dried ginger with water. It relieves all fevers which come on with a chill.
Drink coriander sherbet or take 2 tsp coriander heated in a cupful of water.
In Bleeding Piles
Boil 4 tsp coriander in 250 ml of milk. Strain and add candy sugar. Drink this for benefit.
In Improving Vision
Eating coriander alone or with amla improves vision.
In Mouth Ulcers
Fine churan of coriander mixed in borax or soda which is used for eating, if applied on the ulcers benefits. Applying cilantro juice or ground coriander helps.
Boil whole coriander seeds in water and gargle with this water after cooling the water. This helps too.
In Loose Motions & Constipation
Fresh cilantro, black salt, black peppercorns to be ground together and made into a chutney. Eat this chutney for relief.
In Vomiting, eating this chutney with candy sugar benefits.
Taking 1 tsp of roasted crushed coriander with water helps to stop loose motions.
Persons suffering from sexual weakness should not consume coriander.
Medicinal properties Of Cilantro
- Health Benefits of Eating Cilantro
Cilantro not only tastes good, but is good for you. The cilantro is the green part of the plant and the seeds that are picked from the plant are coriander. Cilantro is used in both Asian and South American foods.
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The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies or supplements.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.
© 2011 Rajan Singh Jolly