ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Bibasilar Atelectasis - Symptoms, Treatment, Causes, Pictures

Updated on August 20, 2014

Bibasilar Atelectasis Pictures

What is Bibasilar Atelectasis?

This medical condition is when a person has a collapse of the tiny air pockets in their lungs. These tiny air pockets are called alveoli. It is more commonly referred to as atelectasis. When a person has this medical condition it can interrupt their breathing in the area where this is occurring. It can also accompany many different lung diseases like asthma, pneumonia, and COPD and is common after surgery. It can also be a complication of inhaling a foreign object, having fluid in the lung, cystic fibrosis, and chest injuries. Bibasilar atelectasis can affect all or part of one lung or lobe. It is very common to see this in radiology studies like chest x-rays. How much of the lung tissue that is involved varies depending on what caused it.

Classification

There are two classifications of bibasilar atelectasis.

  • Acute - this is when your lung has just recently collapsed. It is primarily notable only for airlessness.
  • Chronic - this is when the area that is affected is often characterized by a complex mixture of infection, scarring and destruction, called fibrosis, airlessness, and the widening of the bronchi, called bronchietasis.

Symptoms

When a person has bibasilar atelectasis they may be no obvious symptoms but if there any symptoms they can vary from person to person. If you do have any symptoms they may include:

  • Trouble breathing, called dyspnea
  • Breathing that is rapid, shallow, wheezing
  • Coughing and you may cough up blood
  • Low grade fever
  • Chest pain
  • Oxygen saturation that is low
  • Heart rate that is increased

A person may also have cyanosis, which is having the appearance of a purple or blue coloration of their skin or mucous membranes because of the tissues that are near the surface of your skin is low on oxygen. If a person has this symptom it is a late symptom. If you have any of these symptoms it is important that you see your physician as soon as possible because it is a serious medical condition as it reduces the amount of oxygen that is available for your body.

Causes

Bibasilar atelectasis could be caused by pressure from outside the lung called non-obstructive or from a blocked airway, called obstructive. As mentioned almost everyone who has had surgery will have some form of bibasilar atelectasis because of the anesthesia. When a person has anesthesia it changes the dynamics of the airflow within your lungs and the absorption of pressures and gasses. The combination of these will cause some degree of collapse of the tiny air sacs in the lungs. It is more prominent after having heart bypass surgery.

Obstructive causes

  • Mucus plug - this is an accumulation of mucus in your airways. It often occurs during and after surgery because of your inability to cough. This is the most common obstructive cause.
  • Foreign body - this is when a person inhales an object like a small toy part into their lungs. This is a common cause in children.
  • Having a disease that causes a narrowing of your major airways - this is any medical condition that can constrict and scar your major airways like chronic infections and tuberculosis
  • Having a tumor in a major airway that causes it narrow
  • Blood clot which usually only occurs if there is significant bleeding into your lungs that cannot be coughed out.

Non-Obstructive causes

  • Chest trauma such as from a car accident or fall
  • Pleural effusion which is a buildup of fluid between the chest wall and the tissues that line your lungs.
  • Pneumonia which is an inflammation of your lungs
  • Pneumothorax which is when air leaks into the space between your chest wall and lungs.

Treatment

The treatment that the physician uses will depend on what is causing it and the severity. Here are some of the treatments that a physician may choose to use.

Chest physiotherapy

This is when a physician uses different techniques to help a person to breathe deeply after having surgery. These techniques will help to re-expand your collapsed lung tissue, which is very important. You should make sure that you learn these techniques before having your surgery. Some of those techniques include

  • Coughing,
  • Doing deep-breathing exercises
  • Clapping on your chest over the area that is affected so you can loosen the mucus
  • Making sure that you position your body when lying down so your head is lower than your chest to allow the mucus to drain better from the bottom of your lungs.

The physician may also use medications such as inhaled bronchodilators to help open your bronchial tubs of your lungs to make it easy for you to breath.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)