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Biological Facts For Men and Women As They Age

Updated on November 18, 2015

They say you’re only as old as you think you are.True. But on the other hand, the body experience certain inevitable conditions as the years are piled up on it. Here’s a list of biological facts for men and women as they age. Although, every set of changes a person undergoes is also determined by the person’s genes, you can be sure as early as now, your lifestyle choices will affect how your body ages.

Your 30’s

  • Bone mass is at its peak. By this time you’ve reached your maximum height.
  • Metabolism begins to slow down.You start to lose muscle and it’s easier to acquire fat. This is the time when you should really start becoming very critical of your food choices (if you haven’tdone so already).
  • Hormone levels in women are definitely lower but the chance of pregnancy is still strong. For men, hair loss may begin. Although more often than not attributed to genetics, hair loss can also be caused by poor diet, stress and lack of circulation.
  • Maximize your cardio-vascular work-outs. If you haven’t gotten into any sport yet, now is the best time to get into one.Choose a sport or activity you can “grow-up” or “mature” with like walking or golf.

Your 40’s

  • Bone loss begins.
  • More soreness is experienced after physical activity .
  • Exercising aerobically can increase your metabolism.
  • Women’s hormone levels begin to fluctuate which may cause menstrual irregularities and may make getting pregnant or carrying a baby to full term difficult.
  • Men may experience a decrease in testosterone which can lead to a benign prostate enlargement.
  • You wish you never went under the sun in your teen years without protection, because when you hit your 40’s, all those times would begin to show in the form of sunspots and wrinkles.
  • Eye lens generally become stiffer which may causedifficulties in near vision.
  • Increase your flexibility exercises. Try yoga or pilates. Stretching will help you cope with soreness after your cardiovascular workouts. Pilates are exercises done on the mat and with the exercise ball, magic circle, stretch bands and more.

Your 50’s

  • Bone loss increases.In their lifetime, 1 out of 2 women and 1 in 8 men will have an osteoporosis-related fracture.Impact or weight-bearing exercises can help prevent more bone loss.
  • Menopause (average age is 52).
  • Cumulative effects of stress and poor habits start to appear as ailments like heart disease and diabetes.These are conditions you can control.Preventing it is one thing and the cure is not so far behind so don’t fret.It’ll only add more wrinkles to the ones already there.
  • Cataracts may develop.

Your 60’s

  • Bone loss moderates.
  • No more ovulation for women but men continue to produce to produce limitless supply of sperm!
  • Taste and smell functions decrease. Fifty percent of men will have loss of smell and taste by the age of 65; women don’t show the same deficit until age 70.
  • Bladder control is a challenge.
  • Lesser intensity exercises at longer durations. Take long walks in the mornings. Get a lot of fresh air when you can. Try Tai-chi.

Your 70’s

  • Because muscles and nerve endings begin to deteriorate, falls are more common increasing the risk in bone fractures.But again, there are ways to prevent this.
  • If you are one of those blessed ones, who haven’t gained weight by now, you probably won’t start.But that’s not a reason to stop getting some sweat going.Exercise helps maintain balance and that will come in really handy when you’re not as agile as you were before.Light to moderate exercises like alternate arm raising or alternate leg lifts done in shorter duration but at regular periods (e.g. everyday or every other day depending on the person’s current fitness level. Chair exercises (exercises done while sitting) and non-weight bearing exercises (aqua-exercises) are highly recommended.
  • Diminishing memory.This is mainly due to longtime oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is a condition created in the body when there are more free radical atoms in the body than antioxidants to neutralize them. Cigarette smoking produces plenty of free radical in the body, thus depleting antioxidants which eventually results to oxidative stress.
  • The production of melatonin is not as active as before which may lead to sleep problems. Melatonin is a hormone that helps regulate sleep and influences other hormones in the body.

These biological changes are greatly affected by your lifestyle choices. Therefore, choose to live better and healthier, the earlier, the better.

85 YEARS IN 40 SECONDS

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    • Mala Srivastava profile image

      Mala Srivastava 5 years ago from India

      You have written a very informative and useful article. The article helps us to understand our body better.

    • sunasia22 profile image
      Author

      sunasia22 5 years ago from Philippines

      Hello Hawkstryker! Thank you for taking time to read my hub. You're still young and there's no need to be depressed about aging. There are a lot of things you can do to stay fit and live a healthy life.

    • Hawkstryker profile image

      Matt Dawes 5 years ago from England

      Hi Sunasia, this is a very good, if not a little depressing hub! Great information, and well presented. Nice video too! I'm 22 so have most of this to look forward to!

    • sunasia22 profile image
      Author

      sunasia22 5 years ago from Philippines

      I am most honored to be your 1000th follower! Thank you so much for apprreciating my works especially this hub. Your fan mail shall serves as one of my inspirations to write more interesting hubs. Again, my sincerest congratulations!

    • epigramman profile image

      epigramman 5 years ago

      ...well sincerely I am most happy and proud that you are my 1000th hub follower - that is quite a milestone - and you have put together quite an informative and enlightening hub here - so fascinating too how you broke it down by each decade as we get older - it really put our life into a different perspective that way - I will post this wonderful presentation of research and facts to my Facebook page with honor and respect to you and a direct link back here - thank you so much for getting in touch with me - this was a great moment for both of us

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    • sunasia22 profile image
      Author

      sunasia22 5 years ago from Philippines

      You're right BlissfulWriter. Thanks for reading this hub, and thank you also for the valuable insights.

    • BlissfulWriter profile image

      BlissfulWriter 5 years ago

      As we loose bone and muscle mass loss, strength training exercise can reduce the amount of lost. We also start loosing our stage 3 and stage 4 parts of our sleep cycle when we age. We no longer sleep like we are babies.

    • doubleklm profile image

      doubleklm 5 years ago

      Thanks for the great hub!! Not sure whether I should feel good or depressed. It's tough getting old!!

      Voted Up!!

    • sunasia22 profile image
      Author

      sunasia22 5 years ago from Philippines

      @ arusho, thanks for taking time to read this hub.

      @ nityanandagaurang, thanks for another inspiring comment from you...

    • nityanandagaurang profile image

      nityanandagaurang 5 years ago

      very systematic and step by step decription biological changes in men and women sunasia.this hub worth cherishing.

    • arusho profile image

      arusho 5 years ago from University Place, Wa.

      Informative hub, I can definitely tell, now that I'm 41 that it's hard to lose weight. It just sticks onto me like glue!

    • sunasia22 profile image
      Author

      sunasia22 5 years ago from Philippines

      Thank you Vinaya, words from you really inspire me to make more informative and useful hubs...

    • Vinaya Ghimire profile image

      Vinaya Ghimire 5 years ago from Nepal

      This is useful and informative article. I now know what is happening in my body, and understand what will happen in ten or twenty years time.