- Aging & Longevity
Biological Facts For Men and Women As They Age
They say you’re only as old as you think you are.True. But on the other hand, the body experience certain inevitable conditions as the years are piled up on it. Here’s a list of biological facts for men and women as they age. Although, every set of changes a person undergoes is also determined by the person’s genes, you can be sure as early as now, your lifestyle choices will affect how your body ages.
- Bone mass is at its peak. By this time you’ve reached your maximum height.
- Metabolism begins to slow down.You start to lose muscle and it’s easier to acquire fat. This is the time when you should really start becoming very critical of your food choices (if you haven’tdone so already).
- Hormone levels in women are definitely lower but the chance of pregnancy is still strong. For men, hair loss may begin. Although more often than not attributed to genetics, hair loss can also be caused by poor diet, stress and lack of circulation.
- Maximize your cardio-vascular work-outs. If you haven’t gotten into any sport yet, now is the best time to get into one.Choose a sport or activity you can “grow-up” or “mature” with like walking or golf.
- Bone loss begins.
- More soreness is experienced after physical activity .
- Exercising aerobically can increase your metabolism.
- Women’s hormone levels begin to fluctuate which may cause menstrual irregularities and may make getting pregnant or carrying a baby to full term difficult.
- Men may experience a decrease in testosterone which can lead to a benign prostate enlargement.
- You wish you never went under the sun in your teen years without protection, because when you hit your 40’s, all those times would begin to show in the form of sunspots and wrinkles.
- Eye lens generally become stiffer which may causedifficulties in near vision.
- Increase your flexibility exercises. Try yoga or pilates. Stretching will help you cope with soreness after your cardiovascular workouts. Pilates are exercises done on the mat and with the exercise ball, magic circle, stretch bands and more.
- Bone loss increases.In their lifetime, 1 out of 2 women and 1 in 8 men will have an osteoporosis-related fracture.Impact or weight-bearing exercises can help prevent more bone loss.
- Menopause (average age is 52).
- Cumulative effects of stress and poor habits start to appear as ailments like heart disease and diabetes.These are conditions you can control.Preventing it is one thing and the cure is not so far behind so don’t fret.It’ll only add more wrinkles to the ones already there.
- Cataracts may develop.
- Bone loss moderates.
- No more ovulation for women but men continue to produce to produce limitless supply of sperm!
- Taste and smell functions decrease. Fifty percent of men will have loss of smell and taste by the age of 65; women don’t show the same deficit until age 70.
- Bladder control is a challenge.
- Lesser intensity exercises at longer durations. Take long walks in the mornings. Get a lot of fresh air when you can. Try Tai-chi.
- Because muscles and nerve endings begin to deteriorate, falls are more common increasing the risk in bone fractures.But again, there are ways to prevent this.
- If you are one of those blessed ones, who haven’t gained weight by now, you probably won’t start.But that’s not a reason to stop getting some sweat going.Exercise helps maintain balance and that will come in really handy when you’re not as agile as you were before.Light to moderate exercises like alternate arm raising or alternate leg lifts done in shorter duration but at regular periods (e.g. everyday or every other day depending on the person’s current fitness level. Chair exercises (exercises done while sitting) and non-weight bearing exercises (aqua-exercises) are highly recommended.
- Diminishing memory.This is mainly due to longtime oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is a condition created in the body when there are more free radical atoms in the body than antioxidants to neutralize them. Cigarette smoking produces plenty of free radical in the body, thus depleting antioxidants which eventually results to oxidative stress.
- The production of melatonin is not as active as before which may lead to sleep problems. Melatonin is a hormone that helps regulate sleep and influences other hormones in the body.
These biological changes are greatly affected by your lifestyle choices. Therefore, choose to live better and healthier, the earlier, the better.