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Bipolar disease - How to identify a bipolar person.

Updated on October 21, 2016

Bipolar disorder or manic depression is a mental illness characterized by destabilization of the mood, repeated episodes of depression and at least one manic episode. Bipolar disorder is a disorder that affects more than 1% of the people and most of the symptoms appear gradually.

What is bipolar disorder?

Symptoms of depression

First of all it should be noted that there is a difference between sadness, which is a normal emotion and depression disease. The difference between normal sadness and depression disease lies in the number of symptoms, intensity, severity and duration. Experts believe that the person must exhibit at least five of the symptoms listed below, most of the day, for at least two weeks and almost on a daily basis. Sometimes, these symptoms are more pronounced in the morning and disappear during the day.

  • Depressed mood or anxiety
  • Sense of emptiness
  • Pessimism and worthlessness
  • Inability to raise satisfaction by participating in activities
  • Reduction of energy
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Sleep and appetite disorders
  • Reduce sexual mood
  • Suicidal thoughts


Manic symptoms

In bipolar disorder, the opposite of depression is mania. The euphoria (which is characteristic feeling to the manic phase) beyond the limits of normal, becomes pathological. Mania is recognized when at least three of the following symptoms occur simultaneously. During a manic episode a person might have:

  • Too euphoric mood
  • Intense activity
  • Irritability
  • Aggressive behavior
  • Disorganized thinking and speech
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Decreased need for sleep
  • Grandiosity
  • Limited critical ability
  • Intense-consuming behavior
  • Sexual hyperactivity
  • Drug abuse

Most of the times, the mood does not change suddenly. Sometimes, circumstances of a person's life, even if they seem insignificant, they may trigger this change, which usually begins to appear with some warning signs that indicate that something is going to happen immediately. The first times, it is more likely the person with bipolar disorder may not notice these signs on time. However, you can only learn to recognize it, or with the help of a partner, family or friends gradually and the warning signs are usually different for each person.

© 2016 Elizabeth R


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    • Cricrinel profile image

      Elizabeth R 15 months ago from France

      Yes, I agree, this disease can be quite tricky. Thank you for your reply :)

    • promisem profile image

      Scott Bateman 15 months ago

      Very informative article! Two close relatives with bipolar disorder have taught me the importance of getting the proper diagnosis and treatment from a qualified professional.