Citrus Aurantium Bitter Orange
The Bitter orange (Citrus × aurantium), also called Melangolo, is a hybrid of the genus Citrus, which includes citrus fruits. Many varieties of bitter oranges are used for the extraction of essential oil and perfume very much used by the industry as flavoring additive. Also has medicinal properties.It is a herbal plant.
The bitter orange is different than sweet (Citrus sinensis ×) for the longest spines at the leaf axil, the darker color of the leaves, for a more intense aroma of the leaves and flowers, more colorful and the skin rougher the fruit, but especially for the special bitterness of the pulp.
The Arabs cultivated since the ninth century and the beginning of the second millennium imported to Sicily.
Today, the sour orange is cultivated along with all other citrus fruit, which is the best rootstock. The fruits are rarely found on the market because they are mostly consumed by the food and pharmaceutical industries. The whole fruit can be used to prepare the famous jam and candied fruit, the peel is used in liqueurs (Curacao, bitters). The pharmaceutical industry uses mainly the skin for the preparation of various digestive tonic.
The essential oil of bitter orange is a liquid ethereal yellow or orange, made from the bark. Like all essential oils has a bitter taste, is partially soluble in alcohol at 96 ° because it is mainly composed of limonene, and unlike sweet orange essential oil contains linalool and linalyl acetate. It promotes appetite and digestion. Has bergaptene and other furocoumarines.
In aromatherapy can act as a relaxing or refreshing, depending on the mixing with other oils. It tones the digestive system, nervous system and is considered antidepressant and indicated for insomnia and nervous exhaustion. It has antiseptic properties, is recommended in the treatment of acne and dandruff.
· The essence of orange blossom or neroli is a product obtained from the flowers. It is used in perfumery.
· The petit grain alcohol distilled from leaves and small branches of bitter.
The plant uses the fruit, unripe and dried, which is used to promote weight loss during dieting, in the treatment of cellulite and as a tonic for skin and skin blemishes in general. The active ingredients of bitter orange are those of limonene, and the deanery of linaolo (herbal medicine) that has the ability to promote weight loss, as demonstrated by recent studies on the subject, through increased thermogenesis: the dry extract Bitter orange is obtained a composition of sympathomimetic amines, which increase the activity termogenetica, encouraging the burning of fat in the periphery. The metabolism by the process of heat production affect the composition of adipose tissue, burning excess fat and allowing you to control the body weight of the person. The activity of Citrus aurantium is different from other stimulants of thermoregulation, as it shows activity termogenetica selective, ie only stimulates the beta-3 adrenergic receptors, located predominantly in adipose tissue and liver, which are responsible for processes lipolysis.
The bitter orange is more robust than sweet, which is used as rootstock for all new varieties of citrus fruits, and often for hybridization of varieties already known.
Some special features
Citrus aurantium is a very rare oddity, the genetic characteristics of Citrus aurantium, but with the peculiarity of producing fruit that is the bitter orange or even lemon citron fruits with both parties in both respects, but irregularly. It is a chimera periclinale grafting in which merged the characteristics of both plants resulting in bud mutation.
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