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Black Plum—Jamun (Jambul) Fruit Benefits And Uses

Updated on August 27, 2016
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Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.

ripe jamun fruit for sale
ripe jamun fruit for sale | Source

About Jamun (Jambul) and the Jamun Tree

Latin Name: Syzygium cumini

In India, the Syzygium cumini tree and its fruit are known variously as jamun, jambul, jaam, jambul etc. Worldwide, it is known by some other names like, java plum, black plum, indian blackberry, portuguese plum, jambolan plum, etc.

The jamun tree is native to India and its bordering countries like Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh Sri Lanka and even Indonesia. In 1911, this tree was introduced in Florida by the USDA.

The tree grows equally well in both the tropical and the sub tropical regions. Though organised cultivation is not done much, a lot of trees are grown individually by people having land in their backyards. In the wild however, it grows all over India.

It is a large and hardy evergreen tree and lives for over a hundred years. It starts flowering in the month of March and continues till May. Thereafter, with the onset of monsoon in June it starts bearing fruit. The flowers are white and have a sweet fragrance.

The fruits do not ripen at the same time and are picked daily. Jambul fruits resemble grapes and are oblong or ovoid in shape. Only ripe fruits are picked as they do not ripen once they are picked. They have a single seed and a soft dark purple colored almost black skin and a lighter purple flesh. When eaten, the fruits coat the mouth and the tongue a deep purple color that stays for a few hours.. The fruit is sweet and tart and leaves a slight astringent action in the mouth.

The Jamun tree is revered by the Buddhists.

children plucking jamun fruit.
children plucking jamun fruit. | Source

Jamun Tree in Indian Culture

  • In Indian mythology, Lord Rama is believed to have subsisted on the fruits of the jamun tree during his 14 year exile in the forests. Jamun is therefore also considered the "fruit of the Gods".
  • Lord Krishna's skin color was shyam (purple) and is compared to the fruit's color in the Indian Sanskrit epic "Mahabharata".
  • The leaves are used to decorate marriage pandals. (A pandal is a temporary fabricated structure to hold occasions like weddings, prayers, meetings etc).
  • Down South in India, in the Telegu culture, eyes that are beautiful, are compared to this fruit.

Ripe jamun fruit on the tree
Ripe jamun fruit on the tree | Source

Uses of the Jamun Tree

All the parts of the jamun or jambul tree find a wide variety of uses.

The wood is exceptionally strong and water resistant. Hence, it is used to make bullock cart wheels and agricultural implements. It is also used in house building.

It is used to make railway sleepers (wooden planks on which the steel rails are laid). Water pumps which are located in wells are also supported by planks made from this wood.

Furniture is also made from the wood, though not much, as the wood is tough to work upon.

The wood is used as firewood and yields charcoal too.

The leaves are used in a variety of tooth powder brands. They are also used as fodder for cattle, sheep and goats.They also act as food for tassar silkworms. The essential oils are used in soap making and perfumes.

The bark, leaves and fruits are used medicinally. The bark is used in tanning and dyeing industries. The flowers attract bees and are a source of honey.

The flowers are rich in nectar and yield high quality honey when apiculture is done close by.

Jams, jellies, squashes, preserves, vinegar, juices, beverages, pickles and wine are made from the jamun fruits.

A view of jamun cultivation
A view of jamun cultivation | Source

Nutrients in Jamun or Jambul

  • The ripe Jambul fruit contains Glucose & Fructose are the major forms of sugar. It also contains Vitamins C & A, riboflavin, nicotinic acid, choline, folic acid, malaic acid, sodium ,potassium, calcium, phosphorus, manganese, zinc and iron. Anthocyanins are present in appreciable quantities and are the reason for the antioxidant activity of the fruit.
  • The stem & bark contains tannin, gallic acid, resin, phytosterols.
  • The seed contains the glycoside, jamboline, gallic acid and essential oils.
  • The leaves contain essential oils.
  • The flower contains terpenoids.

Nutritional Levels in Jamun/Black Plum/Java Plum

 
 
Energy
251 kJ (60 kcal)
Carbohydrates
15.56 g
Fat
0.23 g
Protein
0.72 g
Water
83.13 g
Vitamin A
3 IU
Thiamine (vit. B1)
0.006 mg (1%)
Riboflavin (vit. B2)
0.012 mg (1%)
Niacin (vit. B3)
0.260 mg (2%)
Pantothenic acid (B5)
0.160 mg (3%)
Vitamin B6
0.038 mg (3%)
Vitamin C
14.3 mg (17%)
Calcium
19 mg (2%)
Iron
0.19 mg (1%)
Magnesium
15 mg (4%)
Phosphorus
17 mg (2%)
Potassium
79 mg (2%)
Sodium
14 mg (1%)
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz), Source: USDA Nutrient Database
Ripe & Unripe jamun fruits
Ripe & Unripe jamun fruits | Source

Some Health Benefits of Jamun Fruit in General

  • It is digestive and activates the liver and spleen.
  • It is a good remedy for urinary diseases & diabetes.
  • Regulates heartbeat.
  • Purifies blood, cures anemia and stops skin eruptions.
  • Stops diarrhea & dysentery.
  • Relieves throat affections and other respiratory diseases.
  • Removes worms.
  • Vinegar made from the fruit gives relief in colitis, indigestion, stomach diseases. It relieves gas and improves digestive power.
  • It breaks renal stones.

Some Specific Uses of Jamun (Jambul) for Healing

Diabetes

  • Eat jamun daily.
  • Boil 250 gms of the fruit in 500 ml water till they are soft. When cool crush the fruit in the water. Strain and drink 3 times daily.
  • Mix 1/2 tsp powdered seeds with 1 tsp honey once daily in the evening.

Bed Wetting in Children

  • Give 1 tsp ground seeds to the child with water.

Nightfall

  • Take 4 gms seed powder twice a day with water, in the morning and in the evening.

Bloody Dysentery

  • Take 20 gms powdered seeds. Mix in 1/2 cup water and drink twice a day.
  • Add 10 gms bark in 500 ml water. Boil till it reduces to 1/4 th. Strain and cool. Take 20-25 ml of this 3 times a day.

Diarrhea

  • Take 2 leaves (they should neither be tender nor too thick). Grind them, add a little rock salt and make a pill. Take a pill each in the morning and evening.
    It relieves immediately.

Hoarseness

  • Grind some seeds. Add just enough honey to make pills. Suck 2 pills 3 -4 times a day.
    It relieves all problems associated with the voice. This remedy is very good for speakers and singers.

Dental & Gum Infections

  • Mix ash of jamun leaves and ash of almond shells. Add a little peppermint to make an excellent tooth powder which not only cleans teeth but stops bleeding and relieves gum infections.
  • Rub ash of leaves on the teeth and gums. It stops bleeding and makes the teeth strong.
    If you suffer from pyorrhea wash the mouth with a mouthful of jamun juice.

Ringworm

  • Diluted juice when applied on the ringworm affected area cures it.

Excessive Urination

  • The powdered seeds give relief from this problem.

Conjuctivitis

  • Boil 15-20 tender leaves in 400 ml water till it gets reduced to 100 ml. Cool and wash the eyes with this decoction.

Throat Problems

  • Drink 10-15 ml juice for relief.

Bleeding Piles

  • Grind some tender leaves to make 20 ml juice.Add some sugar to it. Take 3 such doses everyday for relief.
  • Grind 10 gms leaves. Add to 250 ml cow's milk. Stir well and take 3 doses of this everyday for 1 week. It stops bleeding.

Bloody Diarrhea

  • Mix 2-3 gms of powdered bark with 2 tsp honey. Add to milk and drink.

Gas & Bloated Stomach

  • Take 10 ml of jamun vinegar for relief in water.

Vomiting

  • Add a few pieces of mango & jamun to 500 ml water. Boil till the water reduces to 1/4 th. Cool and drink about 10 ml to stop vomiting.

Enlarged Liver, Spleen, & Other Liver Problems

  • Drink 2 tsp jamun vinegar daily.

Renal Stone

  • Eat the fruit.
  • To 10 ml juice add some rock salt. Take 2 times daily.
  • Mix 10-15 grams tender leaves add 2-3 black peppercorns. Crush them well. Take 2 times a day.
  • Take 1/2 tsp powdered seeds with yogurt daily.
    All these will help in breaking the stone and removing it.

Wounds

  • Put 2-3 gms powdered bark on the wound for faster healing.

White Burn Marks

  • Make a paste of some leaves and apply on the spot.

Insect Bites

  • Grind 2 leaves. Mix in water and drink for relief.

Medicinal Value Of Jamun Fruit

Some Precautions

  • Eat jamun after meals.
  • In case of those having swelling on the body, women who have just delivered, and those who suffer constant vomiting DO NOT consume it.
  • Always sprinkle rock salt before consuming jamun.
  • If you feel uneasy after eating jamun, drink buttermilk to which some salt has been added or eat dried ginger, amla.
  • Overripe friut can cause hyperacidity and gas tetention in the stomach. If this happens take 1/2 tsp roasted cumin powder with a pinch of black salt.
  • DO NOT drink milk after eating jamun.

Smoothie Recipe

Ingredients

  • 1/2 cup yoghurt/ fresh curd
  • 1 cup jamuns de seeded
  • 1 tbsp sugar
  • 2-3 drops vanilla essence
  • Chopped jamun fruit for dressing

Method

  1. Blend all ingredients till they’re smooth and frothy.
  2. Top with chopped jamun and serve


Serves: 2 persons
Calorie count: 130 K cal

Drink Recipe

Ingredients

  • 1 cup jamuns deseeded
  • 1/2 cup apple
  • 1 tbsp sugar
  • 1 tsp lemon juice
  • 1/4 tsp black salt

Method

  1. Put the jamuns and apple pieces in a mixer and blend until smooth.
  2. Sieve and add lemon juice, sugar and black salt.
  3. Blend once more and serve chilled.

Serves: 2 persons
Calorie count: 90 K cal

Benefits Of Jamun Juice

  • Jamun juice is soothing and cooling.
  • It improves the functioning of the digestive system.
  • Jamun juice is a diuretic and flushes the kidneys of toxins.
  • It purifies the blood, gives relief to those suffering from bronchitis and asthma.
  • Jamun juice allays thirst and cures dysentery.

Jamun Juice

Ingredients

  • Equal parts jamun and water (6 cups Jamun, 6 cups water)
  • 1 teaspoon whole all spice berries
  • 1 (3-inch) piece cinnamon stick
  • 3 whole cloves

Method

  1. Wash jamuns, drain and add to a large bowl.
  2. With clean hands or gloved with latex gloves, squish the jamun.
  3. Add water and spices to a pot and bring to a boil. Let boil for 2 minutes.
  4. Pour boiled water and spices into the bowl with mashed jamun, stir, and cover and let steep overnight.
  5. Strain juice after overnight steeping then using clean hands, squeeze excess juice from pulp.
  6. Pour juice into bottle and refrigerate.
  7. Optional: Sweeten to taste.

Jamun Powder

Jamun powder is made from dried jamun seeds. The seeds can be dried in the sun. Once dried they become very hard, hence it is better to break them into smaller pieces before grinding it in the home grinder. Ground seeds can be kept in a bottle and consuming 1 tsp of this jamun powder every morning on an empty stomach helps manage diabetes better.

Disclaimer: The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies or supplements or embarking on a new health regime.

Though the Video Is in Hindi, Non-Indian Readers Will Find This Video About Jamun Interesting

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    • profile image

      Christine Nabuguzi, Uganda 2 months ago

      thanks for sharing

    • profile image

      Harrilal Sookoo 2 years ago

      Wow wow wow Unbeliveable so much frqm one fruit wowAdd Your Comment...

    • profile image

      brij 2 years ago

      thanks for sharing such a important and healthy information.

    • profile image

      dheeraj pahuja 2 years ago

      if a pregnant woman having vommting feeling during her pregnnc can drink jamun juice..

    • profile image

      samir 2 years ago

      Muje kidney stone ki problem h kya jamun vinager se ye problem showl ho sakti h .. stone nikal sakta h ??

    • profile image

      shivi 3 years ago

      very nice info

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Dmitry, you can buy jamun seeds from Amazon.

      Shiv, eating both together will cause release of both acidic and alkaline juices leading to disturbance in digestion.

    • profile image

      shiv 3 years ago

      Thanks for the detailed info... My question is what happens if we drink milk aft eating jambul? I know Its not good fr health... But wat actually happens?

    • profile image

      Dmitry 3 years ago

      Good day! Dear friends, please tell me where I can buy the seeds of this tree? Thank you!

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Thanks for the input and glad for you, Neha.

    • profile image

      NEHA GANESH DHOLE 3 years ago

      i fallow your advice and now i am free from renal stone

    • profile image

      navas 3 years ago

      dear sir, I took seed powder for diabetic, pay your advise for the quantity and time to take this powder and inform how shell we eat.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Priyanka, milk and jamun should not be taken together.

    • profile image

      Priyanka Thakur 4 years ago

      kya jamun juice milk me dal k pi sakate he?ya ice cream bana k kha sakate he

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Bharati, your comments will be reassuring to many readers. So thanks for sharing them here and also letting us know about the Tel jambhala. I appreciate your reading and commenting.

    • profile image

      bharatipawaskar@gmail.com 4 years ago

      Thanks for the info on Jamun. My mum keeps all the seeds, dries them and used the powder as a medicine for her diabetes. Every season we eat jamuns. There are larger size jamuns also in Goa (called Tel jambhala) which have additional medicinal properties.

      Bharati Pawaskar, Goa

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Glenn, thanks for the addition to the info here. Appreciate your visit.

    • profile image

      Glenn 4 years ago

      Sorry; "the school", " we used".

      I think you can also find the Jamun tree in (British) GUYANA, a neighbour country of SURINAME and on the Caribbean island,TRINIDAD and TOBAGGO cause they also have a huge population of descendants of Hindu contract workers from the late 18 century.

      Glenn( living in Belgium)

    • profile image

      Glenn 4 years ago

      Hi,

      I was born in SURINAME a country at the top of Southamerica. From there i know the Jamun Berry. We have a large population of Hindus immigrants in Suriname and they brought the plant there in the late 18 century.

      There was a Jamun tree on the back of the school yard and we usted to take the berries home. I liked the purple tongue they caused.

      Glenn

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Thank you Susan.

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      Susan 4 years ago from India

      Very informative hub. thanks for sharing it. Voted up

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Thanks vela.

    • profile image

      vela 4 years ago

      one small fruit is doing big work .so the fruit is teach to confedence and encourage.it is related to life .

      "one small man is doing big work

      one small fruit is doing big benefit"

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Hi Priyanka,

      There have been any conclusive studies on jamun vinegar as reducing obesity. It is believed that taking this vinegar with food increase the feeling of being full and prevents overeating. Consumption of 15 ml jamun vinegar may reduce obesity but I would not suggest it.

      You can use it in place of the normal vinegar as you would use it normally.

      Thanks for reading.

    • profile image

      dr. priyanka 4 years ago

      hlo rajan,plz tell me d benefits of jamun vinegar in obesity

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Thanks for giving the hub a read Seema.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Thanks for giving the hub a read Seema.

    • profile image

      seema 4 years ago

      Thank you so much

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      RJ, there are no contraindications for jamun consumption during pregnancy. However it is best to consult your doctor before you start consuming them.

      Thanks for reading and appreciating the article.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      RJ, there are no contraindications for jamun consumption during pregnancy. However it is best to consult your doctor before you start consuming them.

      Thanks for reading and appreciating the article.

    • profile image

      RJ 4 years ago

      Very informative hubpost. Can jamun be taken during pregnancy?

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 5 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      I agree the purple tinge takes a while to go dinkan. Hope you try the jamun smoothie drink.

      Thank you for sparing time to read, appreciate and vote. Much appreciated.

    • dinkan53 profile image

      dinkan53 5 years ago from India

      Had lot of it during my childhood days, summer season. The fruit usually leaves a purple stain in the tongue. I had only the fruits and one of these days I’ll give a try to those JAMUN SMOOTHIE and drink. Thanks for the recipe. Rated up and interesting.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 5 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Thanks for reading raskal.

    • profile image

      raskal 5 years ago

      grt info

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 5 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Racksjackson, glad you found it informative. I appreciative your stopping by and comments.

    • racksjackson profile image

      racksjackson 5 years ago from New York

      Thanks for sharing information about jamun and their benefits . I knew jamun for remedies of sugar patients .After reading this Hub Post , I have known several benefits jamun.

      Following You and voting Up !

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 5 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Midnightbliss, jamuns in any form are healthy. I'm glad you liked the jamun smoothie recipe. Now you can a great combination of taste and health in this smoothie. Enjoy.

      Thanks for stopping by.

    • midnightbliss profile image

      Haydee Anderson 5 years ago from Hermosa Beach

      Thanks for sharing and providing the recipe for making a Jamun smoothie. Sounds yummy!

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 5 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      anglnwu, nature has provided us foods that are natural healers. We just need to look around. I appreciate your visit and comments. Thanks.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 5 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Rahul, glad to learn you are a lover of this fruit. Thanks for the giving the hub a read and appreciating it in so many words.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 5 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Mary, jamun does grow in tropical areas. I'm sure you just need to look around to find some. I really appreciate your read and feedback. Many thanks.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 5 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      flashmakeit, I hope you try the smoothie recipe. Thanks for stopping by.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 5 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Vinaya - thanks for your feedback and support. Much appreciated.

    • anglnwu profile image

      anglnwu 5 years ago

      Very interesting hub. I love reading about how nature can provide healing and the jamun fruit is quite amazing. Thanks for shairng--rated up.

    • rahul0324 profile image

      Jessee R 5 years ago from Gurgaon, India

      Gosh! This is some knowledge you possess. Almost quite about everything!

      Another Great hub! I attack and plunder jamuns in their season... reading this... I will devastate them :)

      A brilliant hub Sir!

    • mary615 profile image

      Mary Hyatt 5 years ago from Florida

      Wow! What an interesting and informative Hub. I live in S. Florida (tropical) and wonder if this fruit would grow here. I've never seen it growing here. I noticed it can be used for making vinegar and will help prevent kidney stones. I think you read my Hub about that. You did a lot of research and work into this Hub, and I will certainly vote it UP, etc.etc.

    • flashmakeit profile image

      flashmakeit 5 years ago from usa

      Rajan that was a very useful and informative hub. The black plum looks tasty and it has a health benefit too and thank you for adding a smoothie recipe.

    • Vinaya Ghimire profile image

      Vinaya Ghimire 5 years ago from Nepal

      I love jamun. I have grown jamun trees in my orchard.

      Thanks for sharing health benefits.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 5 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Hi John. I also like to provide info about healthy fruits less known outside the Asian subcontinent. Thanks for giving it a read and support. Thanks for all the votes as well.

    • JCielo profile image

      JCielo 5 years ago from England

      Rajan! What a fantastic hub! I had never heard of this tree or its fruit. Thanks so much for enlightening me. Voted up, interesting and useful.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 5 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Sandra, do I love your comment? lol! Much appreciated. Thanks for reading and loving.

    • sandrabusby profile image

      Sandra Busby 5 years ago from Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA

      Keep all the knowledge you have -- that is sometimes hard for most of us to find -- coming. Love it. Thanks.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 5 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Hi Christy, so glad you liked the hub. Thanks for all the votes and taking time to read and comment.

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      Christy Birmingham 5 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      What a useful hub, filled with info! I vote up and interesting.

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