- First Aid
How To Deal With Blisters
What is a blister?
Blisters are problems that beset athletes and common people alike. More common on the feet than any other part of the skin,a blister it is a patch of skin where the outer layer (called the epidermis) separates from the next layer( called the dermis).A clear liquid (serum) pools into the gap which causes the bump the is all too indicative of a blister.Considered as a defensive mechanism of the body,a blister acts as cushion that protects the tissue underneath the traumatized area, guarding it from further damage.
How will I know it's a blister?
Blisters usually show themselves as a fluid containing swelling on your skin's surface. Although blisters are generally painless, some become sensitive to pressure which in turn causes some discomfort and pain.
Types of blisters
1. Blood blisters are blisters are dark colored and are normally much more painful than other blisters.
2. Painless blisters are just your typical fliud filled blister that causes little or no
pain at all.
3.Infected blisters on the otherhand contain green or yellow pus, also painful to the touch the skin sorrounding the infected blisters appear red and or with reddish streaks.
Depending on what caused it, blisters tend to appear in singles or in clusters. In most cases,the liquid within the blister is slowly reabsorbed by the body as the injury heals,then the top skin dries and eventually falls off in or about seven days.
How to prevent blisters
1. Make sure that your shoes fit comfortable and correctly
2. Keep your feet as dry as you can by changing socks frequently and by applying foot powder to absorb as much moisture as possible.
3. Ensure that potential areas that are prone to blistering are protected by applying a second skin such as tape to act as a buffer between them and the foot wear.
What to do when blisters appear:
1. The first sign will be reddness over the area, usually at the back of the heel,the instep or at the toe area.
2. Ensure that the feet are always dry
3. Apply a second skin dressing or a blister plaster then tape up the affected area.
4. A highly recommended but a short term solution is to cover the affected area with petroleum jelly.The jelly will absorb the heat from the foot and this reaction provides a little but instant pain relief.
First Aid treatment:
1. If a blister has not yet popped or burst, you may need to drain it by making a small hole at the edge of the blister by using a sterilized pin or needle.
2. Drain the blister, but as much as possible, try to leave as much of the skin covering the blister intact as this will help in covering the wound and will also aid in preventing infection.
3. Clean the wound with a sterile wipe,then cover the area with a second skin or blister plaster.
4. Never drain a blood filled blister as the wound may be to deep for you to handle. Consult a medical practitioner for help in handling this type of blister.
As a rule of thumb,never puncture a blister that is too painful or one that is preventing you from walking or using your hands. If you are also suffering from poor blood circulation or diabetes, it also higly recommended that you get in touch with your personal physician before trying to to dea lwith your injuries.
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