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Brassica Juncea

Updated on April 12, 2011

The Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L. Czern.) Is an herbaceous, annual, of the family Brassicaceae.It is a herbal plant.

Distribution and habitat

 Originally from Asia, is also widespread in central and southern Europe, North America, in Italy is distributed in all regions, growing in the fields and ruins, usually in damp places from 0 to 500 meters above sea level

Description

Plant glabrous or nearly so, only the branches and stalks you can find some bristle a bit 'green.

Roots

Short, thin and white.

Stem

Plant with tall by 30 cm to 70 cm, robust, branched, with alternate branches.

Leaves

The lower leaves have stalks, runcinate-pinnafite of 5-12 cm, ovate apical and basal margin dentate to form 1 to 2 couples or two long stalks. The upper sessile or nearly lanceolate or linear, often whole Nolte smaller than the baseline.

Flower

The inflorescence is a raceme elongated, from 6 to 9 cm, erect pattenti sepals, yellow petals. It blooms in May-July.

Fruits

The siliqua is more or less erect-long license from 3 to 5 cm with conical beak-subula with a quarter or third of the length of the body, petiole 1-2 cm.

Seeds

They are small, longer than wide, with a diameter of 1 to 1.5 mm. They have reddish-brown color, more or less dark, the shades of color may also vary on the same plant, the interior color is yellow. Outside has a grid formed by thin ridges that hardly fail to distinguish with the naked eye.

Multiplication

It is mainly propagated by seed.

Active

The seeds contain an alkaloid and the sinapina the glucoside sinigrin. The leaves contain ascorbic acid.

Uses

Power

From her we get the black mustard seeds, seasoning sauce taste bitter and spicy. In the Indian peninsula is one of the seeds used for the production of mustard oil, with a strong aroma and always irritating as that of horseradish or wasabi. In some regions of Central Asia the leaves are eaten.

Phytoremediation

He owned the metalliferous and this is one of a kind used for the removal of soil from heavy metals like lead, cadmium, etc.. when its use is experimental.

Agriculture

It is a plant cultivated in addition to the production of grain for use as green manure.

Cosmetics

The essential oil of mustard to enter in the production of cosmetics.

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