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Updated on December 16, 2009

Dispensing medicines were based on 2 types: prescription and non-prescription medicines. Prescription medicines were those issued by the doctor under his supervision. One reason is to control its harmful effects to the body especially those medicines that has side effects when used. The doctor will regulate the usage.

Non-prescription medicines are those we are using at home. They are OTC drugs that can be dispense without doctors approval and supervision. They are not regulated drugs.

Anyone at home who dispense OTC drugs to those that need it should be knowledgeable about the effectiveness of the drug, the safety of its use and the correct dosage to dispense based on the instruction found in the label. Pharmacy personnel can assist to determine what is the best medicine under certain condition.

It is the responsibility of the parents or immediate members of the family to do self-medication at the time of extreme emergency only. They have to check its symptoms if the condition need self-medication.

Self-medication has its own limitation, applicable only to common health condition without the presence of a doctor. But if the parents are not sure what kind of medicine is effective to the user and in doubt, they have to consult the doctor for proper medical attention and evaluation.

Parents were given the task of dispensing medicine to their children. They have to consider the correct dosage, the proper time for them to take their medicine in accordance to the instruction found in the labels of the medicine. If it says 3 times a day, it should be followed diligently.

Don't take the role of a doctor to give medicine not in correct dosage. Follow the frequency of use to be taken during the day and the exact time to take their medicine. Don't make your own decision. It is harmful to the children.

If possible, avoid self-medication. It is proper to see a doctor for him to give the right medication for the child to avoid side effects. There are children allergic to medication. Giving children with over-the-counter drug have limitation. The drug may not beneficial to the child instead it is harmful. You need to ask assistance from a pharmacist and ask question relevant to the use of the medicine.

Don't give to your child 2 medicines at the same time at the same category. There maybe interactions between the 2 medicines.

As you are exercising the role of a giver, do the following:

Ask the doctor the definite use of the drug he issued and its possible effects. You have to check properly what the doctor has issued and ask him if you're in doubt. Don't buy prescription medicine suspected not in their original seal. It should be replaced immediately.

Outside the carton of the liquid medication, there are instruction and restriction during your application. Read it carefully. Any warning signs should be monitored closely.

While giving the drugs, check any allergic reaction you observe. If there is, stop immediately and refer it to his doctor.

It is more convenient for the child to take his medicine by using dropper. Most of the children don't want to take the medicine by using cup.

If you think giving medication is less effective and the symptom keep coming back, ask another prescription from the doctor for another kind of medicine. Every child has different reaction to the medicine, it maybe good for the other but ineffective for him. Check the effectiveness of the medicine if it is the right one for him.


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