- First Aid
Learn Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Steps - CPR Information
CPR - Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Procedures
Have you ever had any type of CPR training? No one knows when they will actually have to perform an emergency CPR procedure. I believe almost every household member should learn or know CPR. In case of an emergency, a cardiopulmonary resuscitation procedure may be needed, as someone else dials 9-1-1. Always have someone to call 9-1-1 emergency when a CPR procedure is needed, or if no one else is around when you are performing CPR you can have 9-1-1 on speaker phone if possible.
For instance, there may be an unexpected time when an individual at a restaurant may need CPR, due to their food going down the wrong pipe. Or a child could be swimming with their friends in a pool; and the pool water could flood the child's lung -- due to the child staying under water longer than expected; possibly causing choking and loss of conscious. Approximately 500,000 people die of a heart attack. These are potential cases of someone needing CPR. Always have someone call 9-1-1 first, while the person is receiving CPR. Performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation procedures isn't just for health care professionals.
There are many professionals trained in CPR - cardiopulmonary resuscitation procedures, which are:
- Medical Assistants
- Police Officers
- College Students
Even high school, middle school, and elementary school students have learned CPR procedures. Common everyday citizens may need to know CPR procedures in case of unexpected emergencies. Performing a CPR procedure, while waiting for 911 emergency and the ambulance to respond; may help save someone's life.
Watch this video - How to do Child CPR Chest Compression
- Check the scene and the victim
- Call for Help
- Care for the victim until help arrives
Look around to see what could've possibly caused the injury.
- chest pain
- bleed severely
- trouble breathing or no breathing
- no pulse
Ask a bystander to make the call for you, while you assist the victim.
- Exact location
- Telephone number
- What happened
- Caller name
- Don't hang-up until dispatcher hangs-up.
Care for the life threatening victims first before those that are not.
Get someone to call 911!
Watch for changes in the victim;
- severe bleeding
Look, listen and feel for breath every 5 seconds.
◊ Tap and Shout to get a response
◊ Talk with the victim "Are you alright, can you hear me?"
◊ Support head & neck, it opens the airway, tilt head back.
◊ Check for pulse for every 5 to 10 seconds.
◊ If not breathing, give two slow breaths
◊ Check for pulse carotid artery on the neck
◊ Check for severe bleeding keep head back.
◊ Place him on his side to keep his airway open, if he needs to vomit.
◊ for infants, check the pulse on inside of arm, between the shoulder and elbow.
* Check victim for bumps, bruises, pains, depressions, bleeding, and cuts.
* Gasping, gurgling, usually fast or slow painful breathing.
* Make them move any parts of their body that doesn't hurt, head, fingers, hips, and legs.
* Check head for fever, check to see color changing in skin and irregularities.
* Comfort and reassure your victim.
- Find victims stomach navel, quick upward thrust.
- If they're coughing or speaking, or breathing they are conscious.
- If he lose consciousness lower him to the ground.
- One slow breath every 3 seconds, watch chest to see if breath is going in.
- Don't give long or hard breaths into the victim.
- Recheck pulse for every minute.
- If victim vomits turn him to his side.
- If you can't breathe through victims mouth breath through his nose.
- Plastic barriers can be placed on victims mouth, if you feel uncomfortable putting your mouth on their mouth being that you don't know them personally.
- 5 abdominal thrusts
- Sweep out the mouth, using the hook motion with your finger.
- Ask them to keep coughing, if they are coughing forcefully.
- 15 chest compression, press with heel of your hands, press with strength of your upper body not your arms.
- Position shoulders over your hands, repeat chest compression and breathing cycles.
- Tap and shout, put my ear close to their nose to check for breathing.
Infant CPR Training - See This Video
CPR Performed on Infants
Check to See if Child is Conscious
♥ Shout, and gently tap the child on the shoulder. If there is no response or normal breathing pattern, begin performing CPR.
♥ If child is crying or talking, has a pulse, breathing; the child is conscious.
♥ (unconscious child) Close your mouth tightly on their mouth; retilt head, one gentle slow breath.
♥ Position infant facedown give 5 back blows, between shoulder blades, then face child up, 5 chest thrust.
♥ Place two or three fingers on chest, giving 30 pumps and 2 breaths, (look for objects in mouth sweep out mouth using one finger hook motion.
♥ Continue procedures until infant can breath.
♥ If breathe don't go in, tilt head more.
♥ Keep on until you are exhausted, or they began to breathe on their own, or help arrives, or someone else takes over.
♥ To support Infant place infant over your knee.
* If no breathing and no pulse began CPR immediately.
- When performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation procedures; counting out loud will help you keep the pace and rhythm.
Preventing Childhood Emergencies
♥ Remove dangers, * give supervision, * teach safety.
Injury Prevention Plan
♥ Remove small objects. Avoid giving food that will choke. Use the words 'no' and don't touch!
♥ Look around for anything you can correct.
♥ Look for bystanders to help.
If the person's back is injured when giving CPR, tilt head back gently.
* Check person from head to toe.
* Ask questions to see if person is conscious.
* Ask person to take a deep breath this is how you check the abdominal breathing (stomach).
* When checking a conscious child use same steps as you would when checking an adult.
* Let person's mouth fall open between breaths to allow them to breathe.
* If they have a pulse but are not breathing do rescue breathing.
* Place 'the heal of your hand' in the middle of their abdomen.
Signs of Heart Attack
- Sweating- diaphoresis, dyspnea- difficulty breathing, chest pain, nausea or ill feeling or appearance
- Many victims don't want to admit they're having a heart attack.
- Chest pain may spread to back, shoulder, and arm.
- Don't give hard or long breaths
- Place hand in center of chest bone, shoulder over hands and give chest compressions.
- 30 chest compressions every 5 seconds.
- count out loud to keep a good pace and rhythm.
Have You Ever Had Any Type of Training in CPR - Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
© 2011 Brinafr3sh