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Calamintha Nepeta

Updated on April 12, 2011

The Calamintha nepeta (L.), commonly known as mint, catmint or Nipitella (region. nepetèlla) is an aromatic herb, used in cooking and in herbal medicine. It has a faint smell of mint.It is a herbal plant.

It is classified as Satureja nepeta, thus being ascribed to the genus Satureja, including the savory.

In some areas of Italy, including Rome and Lazio, is also improperly called Mentha pulegium mint, causing some confusion with the nepetella: the two species are easily distinguished dall'infiorescenza: vertical development with single flowers that of nepetella, round flowers with the close of the M. pulegium.

Features: perennials, woody at the base, stems ascending to 20-40 cm tall on average, but sometimes two feet or more. Leaves ovate and acute, margin entire or slightly notched. Inflorescence leafy. Swollen calyx tube 3-4 mm and 1-2 mm of teeth. Corolla tube pubescent with pale purple or about 1 cm lower lip three-lobed, 4-5 mm long, light in the center and fitted with purple spots.

 

Habitat And Distribution

 It is a plant very common in central and southern Europe where it grows wild in arid land up to 1500 m above sea level

Pharmaceutical Properties

 

Therapeutic Properties: digestive, expectorant, carminative. An infusion made from the leaves and top with mint is a good source of carininativo, aids digestion and stimulates the liver functions. For the same purpose to prepare a Enola, leaving the drug marinated in wine, then filter and drink after meals.

 

For external use the essential oil, of which the mint is rich, gives it antibiotic properties, and then pounded fresh leaves help the healing of small abrasions on which apply poultices.

Uses

 

Medicinal uses

The nepetella was commonly used as a medicinal herb in medieval times, but is now little used by modern herbalists. All parts of plant are aromatic properties, diaphoretic, expectorant, and stomachic febrifughi. The leaves are infused with the benefits obtained in the case of flatulence and weakness of the stomach. It is also used for depression, insomnia and menstrual pain. Should not be taken during pregnancy because in excessive doses can cause miscarriage.

 

Use in cooking: leaves chopped, similar to the aroma of mint are used to flavor meat dishes, fish, vegetables and mushrooms.

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    • profile image

      Waldir 

      5 years ago

      c9e9e9s... ake1r ebből az edvből fizikailag tf6bbszf6rf6sen meozrkssogozf3dol......, ebben az esetben ake1r a cipőid tf6mege9re gondoltam.....De be lehet helyettesedteni mindezt me1ske9nt is.... Jf3l e9rtelmezek??De tetszett mindenke9pp!!

    • profile image

      Muhammed 

      5 years ago

      Jf3 lenne fizikailag mssookgzorezf3dni, de mennyire jf3!!! :)Hmm...tulajdonke9ppen időn e9s teren tfal be1rmi megtf6rte9nhet...e9s erre nem is gondoltam! :)nekem inke1bb sokkal szeme9lyesebb, emberibb e9s me9lyebb e9rtelme van-nevezetesen-szerelem. (de asszem e9n elfogult vagyok) :)

    • daffodil2010 profile imageAUTHOR

      daffodil2010 

      9 years ago

      thanks!

    • kashmir56 profile image

      Thomas Silvia 

      9 years ago from Massachusetts

      Hi daffodil2010, great information on the many uses for this great herbal plant !

    • daffodil2010 profile imageAUTHOR

      daffodil2010 

      9 years ago

      thank you my friends

    • thebluestar profile image

      Annette Donaldson 

      9 years ago from Northern Ireland

      I have enjoyed many a cup of mint tea, without the tea lol As you say it aids digestion and leaves me feeling calm. I feed fresh mint leaves to my horse and also use it for decorating the tops of gateaux. Good hub, very useful.

    • Hyphenbird profile image

      Brenda Barnes 

      9 years ago from America-Broken But Still Beautiful

      I am going to the nursery to order plants thanks to your Hubs. Thanks for the inspiration.

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