- Diseases, Disorders & Conditions
Cancer Facts: Debunking Cancer Myths and Where To Donate.
Let's talk about Cancer!
No, not the astrology sign. Everyone has either been affected by cancer, or know someone who has. To better understand what cancer is, we must ask the proper questions:
Q: What is Cancer
A: Cancer is a result of mutations (abnormal changes) in genes which are responsible for the growth and health of cells The genes are in the cell’s nucleus, which controls each cell. Usually, the cells in our bodies replenish themselves through the process of cell growth: new cells take over when old ones die. But over time, mutations can “turn on” certain genes and “turn off” others in a cell. The changed cells keep dividing without control or order, producing more cells just like it. This forms a tumor.
There is still some mystery surrounding what causes particular cancers, especially those that occur during childhood. Established cancers can be influenced by lifestyle habits, such as tobacco use or body weight, and non-modifiable factors, such as genetic mutations, hormones, and immune conditions.
Q: How Many Types of Cancers Are There?
A: There are over 100 types of known cancer. Ranging from Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia to Wilms Tumors. The most common types of cancer are; Breast, Prostate, Basal Cell Carcinoma, Melanoma, Colon Cancer, Lung Cancer, Lymphoma, Leukemia.
Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that develops from cells in the breast. Breast cancer mostly begins in the cells of the lobules,(milk-producing glands) or the ducts, (passages that drain milk from the lobules to the nipples). Less commonly, breast cancer can begin in the stromal tissues, which include the fatty and fibrous connective tissues of the breast.
Cancer that forms in a man's prostate, which is a small walnut-sized gland that produces seminal fluid. Almost all prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas (cancers that begin in cells that make / release mucus and other fluids).
Basal Cell Carcinoma:
Basal cell carcinoma is a type of skin cancer. Basal cell carcinoma begins in the basal cells - a type of cell within the skin that produces new skin cells as old ones die off..
Melanoma are the most dangerous form of skin cancer. It starts in the melanocytes (pigment producing cells) found in outer layer of the skin. These cells grow out of control and form a tumour. Melanomas are often brown and black in colour but can show other shades..
Colorectal cancer is cancer of the rectum and colon. It can begin as a polyp (tissue growth in the colon or rectum) Routine screening can help prevent colon cancer. Polyps that are found during routine screening can be removed easily before they become cancerous.
Lung cancers are tumors that form from the cells lining airways of the respiratory system.
Lymphoma is a cancer that affects the hematopoietic functions of the lymph system. This results in the increase in numbers of lymphocytes. The lymphocytes form in the lymph tissues to make tumors.
A malignant progressive disease where bone marrow and other blood-forming organs produce an increase in immature or abnormal leukocytes. This suppresses the production of normal blood cells, which can lead to anemia and other complications.
Some Cancer Facts
- In 2017, about 190,500 of the estimated 600,920 cancer deaths in the Us will be caused by cigarette smoking, according to a recent study by American Cancer Society epidemiologists.
- The World Cancer Research Fund estimates that 20% of all Cancers diagnosed in the US are caused by life style factors: excess body weight, physical inactivity, excess alcohol, consumption, and poor nutrition.
- Certain Cancers caused by infectious agents, such as HPV, can be prevented through behavioral changes, vaccination, or treatment of the infection.
- 15.5 million, or more, Americans with a history of Cancer were alive on January 1, 2016.
- About 1,688,780 new Cancer cases are anticipated to be diagnosed in 2017.
- About 600,920 Americans will be expected to die from Cancer in 2017, that's about 1,650 deaths a day!
- Cancer is the second most common cause of death in the US, the first is heart disease.
- Cancer usually accounts for 1 out of 4 deaths.
Data and Statistics Found Here
- Cancer Facts & Figures 2017 | American Cancer Society
Cancer Facts & Statistics
Myths and Misconceptions Debunked:
- Is Cancer a death sentence?
In the US, the probability of dying from cancer has dropped at a steady rate since the 1990s. Five-year survival rates for some cancers, like breast, prostate, and thyroid cancers, now exceed 90 percent. The 5-year survival rate for all cancers combined is currently about 66 percent.
The odds of surviving cancer is the greatest it's ever been. Thanks to all the doctors, research, and preventive measures. I think early detection is key in preventing cancer.
- Eating Sugar Will Make Cancer Worse.
Nay. Although some cancers do consume more glucose than normal cells. Currently, there are no studies that show that eating sugar will make Cancer worse or that, reducing sugar intake will shrink cancer growth or make it vanish.
Oh, good. I'd be sad if I had to give up sugar to prevent from getting cancer.
- Artificial Sweeteners Cause Cancer.
Nada. Researchers concluded the safety of the artificial sweeteners. There's no scientific evidence that this causes an increased rate in cancer.
Real sugar is better in my opinion, but this is good news for you guys that enjoy artificial sweeteners!
- Cancer Is Contagious.
No, not in general. The only way that cancer spreads from one person to another is in the case of organ or tissue transplantation. Although, some cancersare caused by certain viruses such as, human papillomavirus, or HPV, or bacteria like, Helicobacter pylori.
There Is a lot of stigma around this, just like there's stigmas around people with AIDS. Giving a hug, holding hands or kissing will not spread this.
- Positive or Negative Attitudes Will Influence Recovery For Cancer.
No, there's no current scientific evidence that this influences recovery from cancer. It's normal to grieve and feel sad where cancer is concerned. People with a positive attitude may be more likely to maintain social connections and stay active, and physical activity and emotional support may help you cope with your cancer.
If you have been diagnosed with cancer, and are reading this, I believe in you!
- Cancer Surgery or Tumor Biopsy Causes Cancer To Spread.
Chances that Cancer will spread to other places of your body during these procedures are relatively low. Following standard procedure during surgery or biopsies help prevent the spread of cancer to other parts of the body.
Good thing we have a lot of careful doctors!
- Cancer Gets Worse When Exposed To Air.
Negatory. Air exposure will not make tumors grow or cause cancer to spread at a faster, or to other parts of the body.
Sometimes I think ignorance increases with air, but that's my opinion. Ha!
- Cellphones Cause Cancer.
Negative. Cellphones emit a type of low frequency that does not damage genes. Cancer is caused by mutation of genes.
Oh good, I'm safe to use my phone.
- Power Lines Cause Cancer.
There is no evidence to support these claims. Power lines emit electric and magnetic energy. The electric energy is weakened from shielding from walls and other objects. The magnetic energy emits a low frequency radiation that does not mutate genes.
- Herbal Products Cure Cancer.
No, although there are some alternative or complementary therapies (Not cures) , which includes herbs, that help cope with the side effects of Cancer. In fact, Some herbal products may be harmful when combined with chemo treatments.
There's a lot of alternative medicines that can be harmful to cancer treatment. Finding a good doctor, and discussing your route for treatment will be more productive.
- I Will Get Cancer Because People In My Family Have it.
Not really. Cancer is caused by gene mutations. 5 to 10 percent cancers are caused by hereditary mutated genes. 90 to 95 percent of cancers are caused by factors throughout a person's life including, age and exposure to environmental factors.
I have lost a lot of people in my family to cancer. Doesn't mean I'm home free. Regular check ups, get them!
- No One Has Cancer In My Family, I Am Risk Free.
No. About 40 percent of men and women will be diagnosed with Cancer at some point in their lives. It all depends. Most cancers are caused by genetic changes that occur throughout a person’s lifetime as a natural result of aging and exposure to environmental factors, such as tobacco smoke and radiation. Other factors, such as what kind of food you eat, how much you eat, and whether you exercise, may also influence your risk of developing cancer.
That percentage kind of scares me!
- Antiperspirants and Deodorants Cause Cancer.
No. No evidence has been linked to deodorants causing Cancer.
- Hair Dye Increases Risks For Cancer.
No scientific evidence supports this claim. Although, some studies suggest that hairdressers and barbers who are exposed to hair dye and other chemicals in large quantities may have an increased risk for bladder Cancer.
I really need to dye my roots!
- Is Cancer a death sentence?
Where to Donate
It is important to educate, and raise awareness. Share this with any one you know. I am providing links to Accredited Cancer Research Foundations. This could help save lives!
- St. Jude Childrens Research Hospital
St. Jude is a leading children’s hospital pioneering research and treatments for kids with cancer and other life-threatening diseases. Your donation matters.
- Home | ZERO - The End of Prostate Cancer
ZERO advances prostate cancer research, encourages action, provides education and support to men and their families. Join us, and we will end prostate cancer.
- Young Survival Coalition | Young Survival Coalition, Young women facing breast cancer together.
Young Survival Coalition (YSC) is the premier organization dedicated to the critical issues unique to young women who are diagnosed with breast cancer. YSC offers resources, connections and outreach so women feel supported, empowered and hopeful.
- Home Page - VHL Alliance
The VHL Alliance is a major resource for VHL diagnosis, screening and treatment. Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) is a genetic condition involving the abnormal growth of blood vessels in some parts of the body which are particularly rich in blood vessels. It
- Making Waves to Fight Cancer - Swim Across America
We unite the swimming community by hosting benefit swims that raise money to fund life saving cancer research and clinical trials.
- Susan G. Komen | Susan G. Komen®
Susan G. Komen is the only organization that addresses breast cancer on multiple fronts such as research, community health, global outreach and public policy initiatives in order to make the biggest impact against this disease.
- St. Baldrick's Foundation
The St. Baldrick’s Foundation is a volunteer-powered charity committed to funding the most promising research to find cures for childhood cancers and give survivors long, healthy lives.
- Home - Sharsheret
Sharsheret is a national not-for-profit organization supporting young Jewish women and their families facing breast cancer. Our mission is to offer a community of support to women, of all Jewish backgrounds, diagnosed with breast cancer or at increas
- PCF-Curing Together | PCF | Prostate Cancer Foundation | Prostate Cancer Symptoms
Offers free prostate cancer guides, prostate cancer news and other helpful resources for patients and their families.
- Prevent Cancer Foundation, ;Stop Cancer Before It Starts!
The mission of the Prevent Cancer Foundation is saving lives across all populations through cancer prevention and early
- Give Every Child a Cancer-Free Future | Pediatric Cancer Research Foundation
Funding pediatric cancer research to improve the care, quality of life and survival rate of children with malignant disease. Your gift gives hope!
- Ovarian Cancer Research Fund Alliance
The largest global charitable organization dedicated to advancing ovarian cancer research while supporting women and their families.
- NET Research Foundation – Dedicated to Curing Neuroendocrine Cancer
Dedicated to Curing Neuroendocrine Cancer
- National Pediatric Cancer Foundation
A majority of cancer research focuses on adult treatments and is done within the walls of individual institutions. In contrast, we fund clinical trials and COLLABORATE with a network of cutting-edge hospitals across the nation to fast track less-tox
- Are You With Us? National Breast Cancer Coalition
NBCC is advocates, scientists, incredibly motivated stakeholders, women, men, mothers, daughters, all united around one goal: ending breast cancer
- MPN Research Foundation | PV, ET & MF Blood Cancer Research
The MPN Research Foundation stimulates original research to find new treatments and an eventual cure for myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). Come learn more.
- Mesothelioma Applied Research Foundation
The Mesothelioma Applied Research Foundation is the only non-profit, charity organization working to eradicate mesothelioma through research, education, support, and advocacy.
- Home-Lymphoma Research Foundation
LRF is the largest non-profit organization in the nation devoted exclusively to funding innovative lymphoma research and providing people with lymphoma and healthcare professionals with up-to-date information about this type of cancer. The mission of
- Leukemia & Lymphoma Society | Donate Today!
LLS is the largest voluntary health organization dedicated to funding research, finding cures and ensuring access to treatments for blood cancer patients.
- Gift of Life
The Gift of Life Marrow Registry cures blood cancer through bone marrow and blood stem cell donation. Help us get everyone involved, swabbed and cured!
- Welcome to DSLRF | Dr Susan Love Foundation
Dr. Susan Love Research Foundation challenges the status quo to achieve a future without breast cancer and improve the lives of people impacted by it now through education and advocacy. We drive collaborative cutting-edge research on cause and preven
- Conquer Cancer Foundation
Conquering cancer worldwide by funding breakthrough research and sharing cutting-edge knowledge The Conquer Cancer Foundation (CCF) was founded by the foremost cancer doctors of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) to seek dramatic advanc
- Children's Cancer Research Fund
Children’s Cancer Research Fund invests in lifesaving, leading-edge research in the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and cure of childhood cancers and blood-related disorders.
- Colon Cancer Alliance
The Colon Cancer Alliance’s mission is to knock colon cancer out of the top three cancer killers. We are doing this by championing prevention, funding cutting-edge research and providing the highest quality patient support services.
- Casting For Recovery | Breast Cancer Fly Fishing Retreats
Casting for Recovery focuses on enhancing the quality of life of women with breast cancer through a unique program that combines breast cancer education...
- CRI - Cancer Research Institute - Advancing Immunotherapy Research
The Cancer Research Institute (CRI) is a nonprofit organization dedicated exclusively to advancing immunotherapy to treat, control, and cure all cancers.
- Be The Match
For the thousands of people diagnosed every year with life-threatening blood cancers like leukemia and lymphoma, a cure exists. Over the past 25 years Be The Match ® , operated by the National Marrow Donor Program ® (NMDP), has managed the largest a
The American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) is the cancer charity that fosters research on the relationship of nutrition, physical activity and weight management to cancer risk, interprets the scientific literature and educates the public about
- Home | Children with Cancer | Kids Charity | Cure
American Childhood Cancer Organization
- Brain Tumor Symptoms, Treatment, Support, Research | American Brain Tumor Association
Welcome to the American Brain Tumor Association (ABTA) site. Browse through a wide range of brain tumor information, resources, learn where to find support and more.
- American Association for Cancer Research
The mission of the American Association for Cancer Research is to prevent and cure cancer through research, education, communication, and collaboration. Through its programs and services, the AACR fosters research in cancer and related biomedical sci
- Alliance for Cancer Gene Therapy (ACGT) Foundation
ACGT seeks out and supports scientific research for the causes, treatment and prevention of all cancer types using cells and genes as medicine.
- Home - NFCR
NFCR supports cancer research that accelerates the pace of discovery from bench to bedside. It's about Research for a Cure – cures for all types of cancers.
- American Cancer Society | Information and Resources about for Cancer: Breast, Colon, Lung, Prostate,
Dedicated to helping people who face cancer. Learn about cancer research, patient services, early detection, treatment and education at cancer.org.
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