Cancer Prevention Tips: Things You Should Know To Reduce Cancer Risk
After reading the novel "The Fault in Our Stars by John Green", I asked myself if what I will do if one day I will be diagnosed with cancer. As we all know cancer is not an ordinary disease and millions of people around the world are suffering from different types of cancer and struggling to survive.
I have watched television dramas wherein the protagonist suffered from cancer. Though I am not a victim of cancer but I can feel their pain. And I know you feel the same way too. Some of them think that they will no longer live in this world. But some of them are also a fighter who believes in miracle that one day they will wake up as a cancer free person. Whether you are suffering from cancer or not there's something that you should know about it.
(DISCLAIMER: I don’t hold any degree related to health. All information’s on this hub are product of the author’s research regarding the topic that might help everyone who will be directed to this site.)
What is cancer?
From the definitions that I read in different websites:
Cancer is a disease involving the uncontrolled abnormal cell growth and can be spread all over the body through blood and lymph system. Our body forms new cells regularly as we require them, substituting to old cells that die. But sometimes this action goes wrong. New cells develop even if we don’t need them and old cells that we have don’t die when they should. These additional cells can cause to form a mass that is called a tumor. Tumors can be classified in to two categories; benign that are not cancer and malignant that we considered as cancer.
And there is not just one type of cancer disease but many diseases. Most of it are named after the infected organ of the body or where they start - an example of it, is a cancer that starts in the breast is called breast cancer.
Top 5 Most Common Types of Cancer
The TOP 5 most common cancer types all over the world according to WHO
According to a report of World Health Organization Cancer is the leading cause of death worldwide, with 8.2 million deaths in 2012. Just imagine a millions of death worldwide and the main types of it are the following;
1. Lung Cancer( 1.59 million deaths)
It is a malignant lung tumor characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. And 80-90% causes of it is the long exposure to tobacco compare to the non-smokers that account 10-15% of lung cancer cases and these cases are often attributed to some genetic factors. Some of the signs and symptoms that you have a lung cancer are the following;
Respiratory symptoms; coughing, coughing up blood, wheezing or shortness of breath
Systemic symptoms; weight loss, fever clubbing of the fingernails, or fatigue
Symptoms due to local compress; chess pain, bone pain, superior vena cava obstruction, difficulty swallowing
I'm not forcing you to stop from smoking but if you can avoid it then you should start it now. I know nobody wishes to suffer from lung cancer. And you also know that smoking is the number one cause of lung cancer. So why wait for a diagnosis if you can avoid smoking now? Why wait for another day if you can do it today? And if you're experiencing these symptoms, then you should see your doctor now.
2. Liver Cancer (745 000 deaths)
It is a malignant tumor that grows on the surface or inside the liver. As what I've read in webmd primary liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma) occurs in livers damaged by birth defects, alcohol abuse or chronic infection with diseases like hepatitis B and C, hemochromatosis ( a hereditary disease associated with too much iron in the liver and cirrhosis.
The signs and symptoms of cancer depend on what type of cancer is present.Cholangiocarcinoma is associated with sweating, jaundice, abdominal pain, weight loss and hepatomegaly. While hepatocellular carcinoma is associated with abdominal mass, abdominal pain, emesis, anemia, back pain, jaundice, itching, weight and fever.
It is not bad to drink alcohol but you should also remember to drink moderately. And if you can avoid it then do it now! See! Liver cancer kills 745 000 people all over the world. Don't be a victim of this disease.
3. Stomach Cancer (723 000 deaths)
It is also known as gastric cancer, refers to the cancer arising from any part of the stomach. This disease is also the cause of abusive drinking of alcohol. Another symptoms are the following;
STAGE 1 (EARLY)
- Indigestion or a burning sensation (heartburn). Less than 1 in every 50 people going to a doctor with indigestion have cancer.
- Loss of appetite, especially for meat
- Abdominal discomfort or irritation
Stage 2 (Middle)
- Weakness and fatigue
- Bloating of the stomach, usually after meals
Stage 3 (Late)
- Abdominal pain in the upper abdomen
- Nausea and occasional vomiting
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Weight loss
- Bleeding (vomiting blood or having blood in the stool) which will appear as black.(melena) This can lead to anemia.
- Dysphagia; this feature suggests a tumor in the cardia or extension of the gastric tumor into the esophagus.
Note that these can be symptoms of other problems such as a stomach virus, gastric ulcer or tropical sprue.
4. Colorectal Cancer (694 000 deaths)
It is also known as colon cancer, rectal cancer and bowel cancer. It is a cancer from uncontrolled cell growth in the colon or rectum or in the appendix. Colorectal cancer happens because of the irregular development of cells that can attack or spread to different parts of the body. Signs and indications may incorporate blood in the stool, changes in bowel movement, weight reduction, and feeling tired constantly.
Medicines utilized for colorectal growth may incorporate some mix of surgery, radiation treatment, chemotherapy and focused on treatment.
5. Breast Cancer (521 000 deaths)
It is a type of cancer originating from breast tissue, most commonly from the inner lining of milk ducts or the lobules that supply the ducts with milk.
So what we must know about cancer? Well, the first thing we must know is how to prevent cancer. I know some of us have the knowledge if what are the causes of these diseases.
Another thing that we must know is that we should trust our doctor. Once you've noticed some of cancer symptoms you should now talk to your doctor for some medical advises.