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Cancer prevention: How to prevent cancer

Updated on March 25, 2017

Cancer is a medical condition caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in the body. It can affect all parts of the body except teeth, hair and nails. Cancer is painful and expensive.

Millions of cancer cases are reported all over the world every year. Fortunately this dreadful disease can be prevented. In fact, according to experts, more than half of all cancer cases and deaths are preventable.

Here are some effective tips to prevent cancer.

Obesity increases the risk of cancer!

Prevent obesity

Obesity increases the risk of many cancers like pancreatic cancer, cancer of the kidney, gallbladder cancer, brain cancer, leukemia, liver cancer, multiple myeloma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, ovarian cancer (before the menopause), aggressive prostate cancer and thyroid cancer.

Obesity can be prevented by disciplined living. It is very important to adhere to a healthy diet. Avoid consuming GMO foods, processed meat, microwave popcorn, soda pop, diet foods and beverages, refined white flours, refined sugars, farmed salmon and hydrogenated oil. These foods are known to increase the risk of cancer.

Consume foods that are rich in antioxidants. Grapefruit, peanuts, peanut butter, berries, sweet potatoes, ground flaxseed, turmeric, tea, cruciferous vegetables and pomegranate are very effective in preventing cancer. Include them in your daily diet. It is advisable to consume high fiber food as far as possible.

Grow your own food organically. It is advisable to practice mindful eating. Mindful eating is the practice of eating with an awareness of hunger and fullness. While eating it is important to slow down, pay attention and enjoy the eating process.

Exercise regularly. Exercise is the most effective way to deal with obesity. It is advisable to seek the help of a certified trainer. Around half an hour of moderate physical activity every day impacts obesity significantly.

It is advisable to practice yoga. Yoga increases mindful eating and prevents obesity. This is as per two research studies conducted under the leadership of Dr. Alan Kristal, the Associate Head of Cancer Prevention at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research in Seattle. Yoga promotes weight loss in people affected by obesity.

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Avoid unnecessary exposure to the sun

According to some experts, skin cancer is the most common type of cancer. More than 90 percent of skin cancer cases are caused by overexposure to sun’s ultraviolet rays (UVR).

Sun’s rays are usually strong between 10 am and 4 pm. If you are outside during this period, avoid exposure to sunlight. Try to walk under a leafy tree or in any shaded area. It is a good idea to carry an umbrella. It is advisable to plan your outdoor activities before 10 am or after 4 pm.

Avoid sunburn. According to experts, even one sunburn enhances the risk of melanoma. Melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer. While outside, if you see your skin redden, rush to a shaded area.

Use cloths to cover the skin as much as possible. It is advisable to use densely woven bright or dark colored fabrics. Choose long sleeves and long pants as far as possible. Use a broad brimmed hat and a UV-blocking glass.

Use sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or more every day. Apply 2 tablespoons (1 ounce) of sunscreen to your body half an hour before leaving home. Reapply every two hours after excessive sweating or swimming.

Overexposure to sun's UV rays can cause skin cancer!

Avoid smoking, both active and passive

It is a proven fact that smoking causes cancer. Tobacco smoke contains more than 70 carcinogens. These chemicals can damage DNA and modify important genes, thereby making the cells grow and multiply out of control.

According to experts, smoking is the most important preventable cause of cancer today. Smoking kills more people than murder, road accidents, overdoses, HIV and suicide all put together.

Smoking causes more than four out of five cases of lung cancer. Lung cancer is a deadly medical condition with very low survival rate. Smoking increases the risk of other cancers like cancers of larynx (voice box), mouth, pharynx (upper throat), sinuses, esophagus (food pipe), nose, kidney, pancreas, liver, stomach, cervix, bowel, cervix and breast. Smokers are more likely to be affected by leukemia.

If you are not a smoker, it definitely does not make sense to start smoking. If you are a smoker, it is advisable to give up the useless and dangerous habit. If you are addicted to smoking and are unable to give up the habit in spite of your best efforts, it is a good idea to seek professional assistance.

According to experts, acute cigarette cravings typically do not last more than five minutes. These five minutes are vital. If you can use your will power during these five minutes and resist the temptation, the battle is won.

It is advisable to exercise or to go for a walk when cravings occur. Avoid contact with people when they are smoking. Consume large amount of water. Avoid consuming alcoholic beverages. Avoid getting stressed during the quitting process. Spend more time with your kids and your loved ones.

Avoid tanning and UV tanning booths

It is definitely not a good idea to for a tan. Avoid UV tanning booths. High-pressure sunlamps used in tanning salons emit UVR doses that are around 12 times that of the sun. according to experts, even occasional sun bed triples your chances of developing melanoma.

Fresh fruits!

Consume fresh fruits and vegetables

If is advisable to adhere to plant-based diet. Plants have less fat, more fiber and more substances that fight cancer. It is a good idea to bulk up on fiber. Consume plenty of bright colored fruits and vegetables. They are rich in phytochemicals that increase your immunity. It is advisable to consume raw fruits and vegetables. It is very important to wash all fruits and vegetables.

Greasy foods increase cancer risk!

Avoid greasy foods

Avoid greasy foods like burgers, fried bacon, pizza, fries, chips and finger chips are some good examples of greasy foods. These foods increase the risk of many types of cancer. It is advisable to use olive oil for cooking as it promotes good health and general well-being.

Consume foods rich in antioxidants

Antioxidants protect the cells from the damage caused by free radicals, thereby preventing many types of cancer. Small red bean, wild blueberries, red kidney beans, pinto berries, cranberries, cooked artichoke, raspberries, prunes, apples, pecan, sweet cherries and black plum are some foods that are rich in antioxidants.

Avoid exposure to chemicals and pollution

In today’s world, many potential carcinogens are finding their way into people’s bodies. The sources of these contaminants are pesticides, industrial wastes, industrial chemicals, waster byproducts from mining facilities, automobile exhausts and many more. Arsenic, asbestos, benzene, formaldehyde and vinyl chloride are some examples of carcinogens. While working with these chemicals it is very important to take necessary precautions.



Avoid exposure to radiation

Ionizing radiation is a proven carcinogen. Lung cancer, skin cancer, thyroid cancer, multiple myeloma, breast cancer and stomach cancer are some cancers that are strongly linked to radiation. It is advisable to avoid exposure to radiation. People working in an environment that may be exposed to radiation should take necessary precautions.

Cancer can be prevented to a great extent if the above-mentioned guidelines are implemented.


  • Obesity increases the risk of many cancers.
  • More than half of all cancer cases and deaths are preventable.
  • Consuming foods rich in antioxidants goes a long way in preventing various cancers.
  • Yoga increases mindful eating an prevents obesity, thereby preventing many cancers.
  • High-pressure sunlamps used in tanning salons emit UVR doses that are around 12 times that of the sun. It is advisable to avoid tanning booths.
  • Tobacco smoke contains more than 70 cancer causing substances.
  • Smoking causes more than four out of five cases of lung cancer, a deadly medical condition with low survival rate.
  • Adherence to a plant-based diet reduces the risk of cancer substantially.
  • Greasy foods increase the risk of cancer immensely.
  • Exposure to some pollutants and radiation increases the risk of cancer.

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Treatment without prevention is simply unsustainable.

— Bill Gates


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