ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Care for Psychiatric Disorders

Updated on July 10, 2014

Psychiatric Patients-Members of our Society

Psychiatric disorders involve thought, emotional and behavioural disturbances. These mental health disorders are caused by complex interactions between the physical, psychological, social, cultural and hereditary influences. There have been numerous deinstitutionalization movements that have sought to bring the mentally ill patients out of institutions. This is as greater emphasis is placed in viewing them as members of families and communities, and rightly so.

Stop the Stigma, an Important Step

This article is specially chosen as it details the widespread stigma that affects those with mental illness. It has its effects. There is the employment discrimination witnessed against the people suffering from psychiatric disorders. Moreover, most people said to have a mental disorder report that they want to handle the distress themselves. This is due to ignorance of available treatment and fear of stigma and social perception. Awareness programmes and education campaigns should be carried out more to encourage people be more acceptive of their conditions and change their conceptions.

Treatment Depends on Cause

Treatment of psychiatric disorders can be carried out through different ways. It depends on the cause. Say the cause is a physical illness such as syphilis? The normal treatment of the illness will cure the mental disorder. Drugs can also be used such as sedatives, stimulants or antidepressants and tranquilizers. Expert observation is made by staff when the drugs are being used.

At a Glance..


  • Psychotherapy
  • Group Psychotherapy
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Electroconvulsive Therapy

Two or more treatments can be combined.

Electroconvulsive therapy and Psychotherapy

Electroconvulsive therapy is treatment carried out by passing an electric current through the brain, inducing a convulsion. After the treatment, the patient usually becomes brighter and more active, and the appetite and physical conditions improve. Also, they are able to form more satisfying relationships with other people.

Psychotherapy consists of methods used that don’t take in making use of physical treatment. This can be individual, where the patient is treated by the psychiatrist alone and is able to speak freely of anything that comes to mind without fear of criticism or ridicule.

Group Psychotherapy and Occupational Therapy

There is also group psychotherapy through which common problems to a number of patients can be solved together. Group therapy benefits many of the mentally ill. They can lose their shyness and gain courage from listening to other people’s troubles. They then realise that other people have much the same kind of problems as they themselves, and because it’s easier to have insight into the causes of other people’s behaviour, it often helps them to see the cause of their own.

Occupational therapy can also be carried out, whereby work is the essential tool of treatment in mental illness. The occupational therapist, doctor and nurse work together to find suitable occupation for the patient as part of the treatment. Carefully planned, this job goes further to helping the patient to become part of a working group. This is per se a form of group therapy. Moreover, as they become acquainted, a leader may emerge and they begin to work as a team. After discharge, the learning of a new skill becomes useful.


Psychiatric units in hospitals and health institutions have increased following new developments in methods of how to treat the cases. There should be procedures devised to provide follow-up mechanisms of patients after discharge to see that the patient does not relapse and that the concerned family understand the treatment required to ensure recovery. More public education should be carried out to provide more understanding and help with mental patients and consequently bring about earlier diagnosis and treatment by breaking down fear and ignorance about mental disorders.

And finally, during treatment, It requires there be provided a social situation for the patient, not too different from the outside world and where visitors can come and go freely.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)