Cause of Microcephaly disease
The symptoms of mosquito-borne Zika virus are fever, rash, joint-pain and conjunctivitis (red eyes). Muscle pain and headache are also the symptoms of Zika virus.
In 1947, during the research of yellow fever, scientists kept a monkey in a cage in the Zika Forest in Uganda. The monkey developed a fever and the researchers identified a transmissible agent in it's body. In 1952 this transmissible agent was named Zika virus after the name of the Zika Forest. In 1954 it was found in the body of a man in Nigeria.
At present it is widely spread in South America. It has been noticed that it is also spreading in North America. Indian sub-continent is also under the threat of Zika virus.
Zika virus is transmitted into human blood by the bites of daytime-active Aedes aegypti mosquito. The following ways will help us to stay away from Zika virus:
i) Use mosquito nets before sleeping
ii) Empty the stored rain water from the buckets, flower pots, tyres etc.
iii) Trim nearby bushes
iv) Spray mosquito killer regularly
The brain of the breed will not be developed properly if the pregnant woman is affected by Zika virus due to Microcephaly disease. As a result, newborn's head circumference can be less than expected for age and sex. Microcephaly may be associated with convulsions, development delays or feeding difficulties. Some countries advised their women not to be pregnant for the next three years. The World Health Organization (WHO) is very much concerned about Zika virus.
Awareness is the main way to be safe from the Zika virus because no vaccination or medications are available to prevent Zika infections. The treatment of Zika virus is similar to Dengu fever.
i) Take enough rest
ii) Drink fluids
iii) Take medicine with the consultation of doctor to relieve fever and pain
iv) Don't take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
The researchers of one of the world’s topmost nonprofit biomedical research center Butantan Institute in São Paulo, Brazil are trying heart and soul to produce the antidote of Zika virus. They told that it may take minimum 10 years to be successful to produce antidote of Zika virus.