ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

What Causes Seizures

Updated on April 4, 2008


Seizures can be caused by a number of reasons, first and foremost, seizure disorders can be caused by genetic factors, head injury, toxins, and degenerative disorders.

With your doctor, you will want to go through any and all possibilities as to the cause of your seizures.

In most causes these triggers do not cause seizures but do provoke the onset of a seizure or cause a seizure in a patient who's seizures are otherwise under control. Other common triggers can include alcohol consumption, hormonal changes of the menstrual cycle, sleep deprivation, flashing light, and stress.

In cases of seizures in children, the most common seizure is a febrile seizure, which is caused by high fever.

Not every trigger or cause will be the same for each person, but in susceptible person, these triggers are common causes for onset seizure behavior.

High fever

  • Heatstroke
  • Infections

Brain infections

  • Abscess
  • AIDS
  • Malaria
  • Meningitis
  • Rabies
  • Syphilis
  • Tetanus
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Viral encephalitis

Metabolic disorders

  • High blood levels of sugar or sodium
  • Kidney or liver failure
  • Low blood levels of sugar, calcium, magnesium, or sodium
  • Phenylketonuria
  • Underactive parathyroid gland

Inadequate oxygen supply to the brain

  • Abnormal heart rhythms
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Near drowning
  • Near suffocation
  • Stroke

Structural damage to the brain

  • Brain tumor (noncancerous or cancerous)
  • Head injury
  • Intracranial hemorrhage
  • Stroke

Fluid accumulation in the brain (cerebral edema)

  • Eclampsia
  • Hypertensive encephalopathy
  • Lupus erythematosus

Exposure to toxic drugs or substances

  • Amphetamines
  • Camphor
  • Chloroquine
  • Cocaine overdose
  • Lead
  • Pentylenetetrazol
  • Picrotoxin
  • Strychnine

Withdrawal after heavy use

  • Alcohol
  • General anesthetics (used during surgery)
  • Sedatives, including sleep aids

Prescription drugs

  • Ceftazidime
  • Chlorpromazine
  • Ciprofloxacin
  • Imipenem
  • Indomethacin
  • Meperidine
  • Phenytoin
  • Theophylline

Degenerative Disorders

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Creutzfeld-Jakob disease
  • Neurofibromatosis
  • Phenylketonuria (PKU)
  • Tuberous sclerosis
  • Sturge-Weber syndrome
  • Tay-Sachs disease

Cerebral Palsy


I am not a doctor, physician, or specialist. The information that I have provided is from personal research. For more information, always ask your neurologist for help.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      MonaTy 5 years ago

      Im 48 had my first seizure last year...brought on by a medication I was taking for a stomach virus that contained FLAGYL......stopped the medication and 4 months later had another one....Now Im on Keppra for life.............just had my 3rd seizure 2 days ago...........I hate it!!

    • profile image

      Tally 6 years ago

      Just like Klismo, I just had to watch my wife go through her first seizure (at age 51), and it was very upsetting. She too had been using Ultram (tramadol), and has now stopped it because it was the only guess as to what caused her seizure. If you think you can make it through your day with the pain relief of Tramadol, try making it through your day without driving.

    • profile image

      Nana 6 years ago

      My son is 22 years old, I was having coffee when he stretched (that what I thought) and then his whole body start shaking and he had a seizure lasted for couple of minutes it felt like hours scared me to death I have never seen anything like that, but I know he did take Tramadol/Ultram for long time it was by the doctor's order. Klismo is correct it should be added to the drug's list. I hope to God that will never happen to him again.

    • profile image

      MolliePop 6 years ago

      Recently i noticed that i'm having a lot of strange muscle twitches, and moments where i sort of space out for a minuet or so before returning again. I'm begining to wonder if i'm having absent seizures and partial seizures; has anyone else experienced something like this and can you give me any advise?

    • profile image

      Bexi 6 years ago

      I think it's really weird when i have a seizure, i've had absent seizures and full blown seizures, and yet (even though i'm 15 and i've been having seizures for over 10 years)its never bothered me. I've had loads at school, i even had one on the ferry on a school trip to Belgium. I know loads of people who make a HUGE fuss about seizures (whether they have them or not), ohnstly i just want to tell them to get a grip, i mean if i can cope with them and so can my family and friend why is it some people try and fuus over me after i've had one when i just want to be left alone!

      There's only one other type of person who gets on my nerves more and thats those who want to have seizures. Well i'm saying to them know seizures are NOT cool and they never will be!

      Peace out!

    • profile image

      tooks 7 years ago

      Addressed to Rose: Did you know seizures may be caused by lead poisoning? Check your water supply for lead content due to possible lead solder in the pipes leaching into the water. Older homes are more likely to have lead-soldered water pipes. Also was your building painted with lead-based paint? Paint chips/flakes, if ingested, may cause lead poisoning. It doesn't take much.

    • profile image

      Sammi ere 7 years ago

      When i was about 8 i developed migrains and as i got older they got worse. When i was 13 i got a really bad migrain in english and i thought "oh great,i'd have to get one today when we're actually doing something interesting." 5 minuets later i blacked out.

      I dont know how long i was out but when i woke up the class room was empty exept for me and the teacher who was sat there asking "Sammi are you ok? Have you had a seizure before?" And i'm sat there saying "yes and no i only had a migrain not a seizure what are you talking about?" He just looks at me like i'm totally insain and helps me up before i start to realise whats going on and the paramedics arrive to take me to hospital.

      Two hours later i was sat in hospital with this doctor asking "So Samantha, how long have you suffered from migrains?" "I don't know 5 years" "Well it seems that the increase in your migrains have started to cause seizures"

      That was last year and since then i've only had about 16 migrains but only 7 of them have led to seizures.

    • profile image

      Bye today. Hello tomorrow 7 years ago

      I am a secondary school science teacher and i have been having seizures since i was 24. My first seziure happened whilst I was teaching my year 9's. They were in the middle of a test when i started to feel unwell, within seconds i was out cold and having a seizure. When i came to my class were stood round me and so was the teacher who was teaching next door all wanting to know what just happened.

      I later found out my seizures are linked to stress and it was likely caused by the stress of a new job.

    • profile image

      GiGio19 7 years ago

      Well, I had suffered seizure for 5 years now and I have had 3 big time seizures every 2 years and a half and it was caused by some Parasite on pork meat. Im on medication now to control it but the medication is really taken the best of me and I dont know what to do now. I really wanna now if there's a chance of me to stop from having seizures. I really hate this condition cuz Im 22 years old and I was having a normal life and suddenly this came up to me n ruined my life. Afte the last seizure happened (the third) I really dont go out like I used to, Im really scared of going out and having another seizure. Now I really dont know what to do ever since it began Im not the same at all.

    • profile image

      Lucyloveyou 7 years ago

      I had my first seizure when i was 13, it happened while i was one a overnight trip with school. We'd had a really cool day filled with amazing activities, that night i felt awful so decided to make my way to the teachers dorm, i think the teacher managed to open the door and ask what was wrong before it started. I can remember waking up afterwords feeling pritty lousy and i think i freaked out my teacher really bad. Since then i've had loads of seizures and everyones just got use to it, no one makes fun of me or anything, infact there are about 10 kids in my year with a form of seizure

    • profile image

      cocodusty 7 years ago

      i started having seizures a few weeks agao. i have had most of my seizures at school but they started at night one day and then during the past weeks the incresed to one a day and some times mutiple ones. i was brought to the hosptail last week on a wedsday and they said that i may have epoliposy and they put me on somthing called cepra as a nerse said but on the friday i was rushed to the hosptail from my school from having multple ones. so they put me on another medication as well called Dilatin. i was fine for a few days and it was wonderful to be free but as soon as i when back to school on the tuesday after the family day holliday i had another seizure that started and stoped and started again sevral times so they called the hosptail and i was rushed in again. now they say that it might be caused by a physcological thing and they are taking me off both medications. could it be i had an adverse affect on the seccond medication and i just could not take that much. this is scaring me so much i am afraide to go to class on monday. can anyone HELP??????

    • profile image

      summer 7 years ago

      i had a seizure when i was 3 numerous times during the summer and the seiures kept happening wenever i had a high fever but now that im older they dont happen anymore :p

    • mlowell profile image

      mlowell 7 years ago from Georgia

      It could be something in your new place, like a mold or something.

    • profile image

      Rose 7 years ago

      This is probably the biggest medical mystery of the year. My boy friend and I live with each other and we both started having seizures this year! It's been a nightmare! No drug use, only thing in common is that we live together and moved in this place in Jan. We've even been in the ER together! Waiting to figure this one out...

    • profile image

      eugenia insaidoo 7 years ago

      It helped with my answers.Thank you.

    • profile image

      TIFFANY 7 years ago


    • profile image

      kristen 7 years ago

      I'm 13 and I'm having seizures.I had my 3rd one last weekend.It is really scary.I might have to take pills for it but maybe not.I'm going to get check soon.

    • profile image

      Grace 11/05/10 7 years ago


    • profile image

      Shane  7 years ago

      I am 19 and I've had seizures since I was at least 10 years old. For me, it is the scariest feeling I have ever endured. They usually last less than a minute, but am out of it for at least 15 minutes. Many things cause seizures, but like any other disorder there are medications to help. My doctor put me on tegretol in 2004, that was when I had a seizure at school. Boy did I freak out my teachers. My last seizure was in September 2005 at a cross country meet. That was last one. Some medications will get it under control. Other medications are Valium, Dilatin( I had bad allergic reaction), and Carbemazephine.

    • profile image

      forrest thompson 7 years ago

      my father just turned 71 on july 18th and has never had any seizure in his life or any other attacks such in the heart, or the brain, today he had one in a vet's office and it scared the hell out of me! Y would he have one with record of ever having one? he eats healthy and used to lift weights back in his prime, note he is a alocholic just that have any thing to do wth it? plzz help!!!!!

    • profile image

      joey2 8 years ago

      im 21 years old may 2009 i had my first seizure and no one knows why i was u getting ready for work at 5am took the 5 hour entergy drink and by 730am at work had my first seizure my life hasnt been the same did the entergy drink cause my seizures

    • profile image

      liz sanchez 8 years ago

      I have seizures since I was 2 years old, now I'm 28, I was watching a show the other day and they said that pork parasites can cause seizures... is that true? Because untill now I'm not sure what's being causing mine...

    • profile image

      michelle 8 years ago

      I am 35 I started having seizures when I was 33 does this ever go away

    • profile image

      joyce 8 years ago

      On November 26th 2009,It was a normal day My husband & I went to the casino.We drank a good bit of alcahol.mixed drinks.Went home showered & went to bed,I was awakened about three hours later with a funnny feeling

      Then I felt as iof i could not breath..we.caiied 911 while we were waiting I began to have seizure Ive never had a seizure before could this had been a possible alcahal poisonjng affect.

    • profile image

      Josh 8 years ago

      Does any know if methadone can cause seizures my mother in law takes it daiily and she has seizures daily does any one know??????????????

    • profile image

      Klismo 8 years ago

      I just watched in horror as my fiance had a seizure. It was probably the worst moment of my life.

      I'm writing to say that you need to add Tramadol/Ultram to your list of seizure causing drugs, as it's what caused her's.

    • profile image

      Jeanine 8 years ago

      I was recently from the hospital b/c I had a seizure. And while there- which was 6 days I had 4 more seiruzes. I couldn't even remember my own name. Yes I had 2 head injuries. Both severe. But that was 30 n 15yrs ago. Y now?

    • profile image

      veronyka 8 years ago

      Seizures often affect the patient’s quality of life, the social life and personal life. Sometimes, patients diagnosed with this disease should receive psychological care and guidance because they often tend to change their behavior, to avoid family and friends and to interiorize. Family members should observe carefully the patient and if the treatment gives the expected results. If not, immediately call the doctor.Interested in on-line medication?see on


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: ""

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)