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Child Heart Diseases - Pediatric Cardiology

Updated on July 4, 2011

Pediatric Health - Happy Baby

Infant Heart Health - Pediatric Cardiology

Pediatric Cardiology is the science of child and infant heart health. There are a wide range of impressive procedures available to improve the cardiac health of infants, the pediatric cardiology world extends far into childhood. Although the cardiac health industry has been rapidly advancing for the past century, few parents take solace in some of the discoveries which have been made. Science has even determined that many rare heart conditions which affect children are genetic, having been acquired from a parent's genes. Not all pediatric heart conditions develop in the womb- in fact, some do not show a sign of themselves until years into the child's life.

Kawasaki Disease is just one example of such an illness. Often caused by a faulty heartbeat (a common genetic problem), Kawasaki disease can result in irreparable damage to the heart's many valves and coronary arteries. This damage, most often irreversible by conventional surgery and responsible for a lifetime of problems, considerably weakens the heart. While achieving few beats per minute than an average person's, Kawasaki hearts are also more susceptible to dangerous advents such as heart attacks. Other imperfections come not as the result of a genetic defect, but of an illness taken on by the mother during pregnancy. These maladies are often severe and hard for mothers to self diagnose or predict.

Myocarditis is an uncommon heart disease which occurs in children, often as the result of a viral infection contracted from their mothers' when in the womb. Myocarditis causes the heart muscles to become extremely inflamed, often leading to potentially fatal infections. Over time, the inflammation can become so great that the child (or adult, if the condition persists for many years) can no longer function, and the heart will shut down in the form of a severe heart attack. Mycarditis can also be caused by non-viral pathogens such as lyme disease, making it's grasp all the more variable. Myocarditis, despite it's rarity, is a major killer- being responsible for 20% of sudden deaths in young adults.

Using pediatric interventional cardiology, specialists can both diagnose dangerous disorders such as Myocarditis and treat them, thus skillfully removing much of the risk associated with them. Despite the seemingly endless array of cardiac problems capable of plaguing children and babies, scientists are constantly at work furthering the industry. After all, in order to learn more about ourselves, don't we have to look to our roots?


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