ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Cnicus Benedictus

Updated on April 13, 2011

The holy thistle (Centaurea Benedicta (L.) L., 1763) is an herbaceous, annual, belonging to the Asteraceae family.It is a herbal plant

Distribution and habitat

 Originating in the countries of the Mediterranean basin; common in Italy especially in the plains, particularly in the Tyrrhenian zones. Prefers deep soil, loose and fertile.


20-40 cm high, under favorable conditions can reach one meter, root and fistulous slender, angular stems and branches reddish-gray, all pubescent, with hairs more or less long and thick, almost woolly. The caul is erect and branches longer than the main stem, often reduced to a head.


The lower leaves are short stalked, large and pennatofite, lobe triangular, toothed, lobes and teeth ending in a plug. The Stem to 10 cm are long, wide half, sessile, a little 'flowing on the stem, sinuate-toothed, spiky, slightly leathery, with white veins anastomosed. The latest at the top are 3-5 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, and wrap the head around a solitary point, 3 cm long, broad at the base a little 'less than 2 cm. The periclinio with numerous bracts, similar to the external Stem leaves oval, green and lanceolate, the median up to half an inch wide and terminating in an appendix prickly, quick and easy, others are closer and have a long and thorny Appendix pennata , reddish, straight out. All are glabrous and green on the outside, white on the bright side, instead of the plug are inserted long hairs that wrap around the head.


Flowers are the tubules, with corolla yellow with purple veins, the outside is sterile and thin with a corolla, the interior hermaphrodites. Stamens with filaments papillose, and ending in a long appendix anthers obtuse, with two simple auricles at the base. Short stigma surrounded by a wreath at the base of teeth.


The fruit is a cylindrical achene, almost an inch long and 3 mm wide, brown, shiny and thick with longitudinal grooves, cut obliquely at the base, hilum side. The pappus is in three distinct series, the outer half of 10 teeth mm long, curved inward, the second of 10 long hairs, slightly more than 1 cm, the inner bristles 10 mm long and 2 cream.


The seeds are less than half a millimeter long and thin.


It contains bitter glucosides such cnicina, ethereal oils, sugar, mucilage, tannin substances, resinous and rubbery, without the presence of abundant ash salli potassium, calcium and magnesium.


It is used in herbal medicine, the dried whole plant (minus the biggest and the stem) and flowers, has properties bitter tonic, stimulating, emagoghe, diuretic, diaforetitiche, the overdose causes tracheo-esophageal burns, vomiting and stomach cramps from accompagnatte diarrhea. It 'not recommended for those suffering from hyperchlorhydria or kidney damage. It is also used in liqueurs.


 At one time also grown, with sowing in April to file with the sixth of 60-70 cm x 30 cm. The plants were cut in early bloom in summer, with the possibility of a second mowing in autumn.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)