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Common Causes of Pain and Numbness in your Legs and Toes

Updated on January 27, 2015
Pain or numbness in your toes could indicate health issues
Pain or numbness in your toes could indicate health issues

Our legs and feet go through a large amount of stress each day. Very often, you may hear people complaining of numbness in toes or pain in their thighs, and you might have experienced these symptoms yourself. The numbness may be accompanied by tingling sensation or a feeling of having pins and needles.

Sometimes, this may be followed by discoloration of the skin, where the skin may start appearing yellow. In some cases, there may be calluses or peeling of the skin. All these things are indicative of an underlying cause and it is important to determine what are the causes of numbness in the toes or numbness and pain in the thighs.

Most common causes of numbness in toes

Some of the most common causes of numbness in toes are:

  • ill-fitting shoes
  • nerve compression
  • gout
  • diabetes
  • inflammation of the bone
  • bunions
  • peripheral neuropathy
  • cervical spondylosis

Why are my toes numb?

Numbness in your toes can simply be due to uncomfortable, ill-fitting shoes, or it can indicate a larger health problem. Sometimes, the numbness may not be accompanied by pain, but can still lead to a lot of discomfort.

Wearing ill-fitting shoes is one of the biggest problems in women. However, even men experience problems when they wear shoes that are not the right size or when the laces are tied up really tight. Wearing the right size is very important in order to avoid problems in the future.

Sometimes, tight shoes can cause a compression of the nerve. This can also be one of the main causes of numbness in toes. Injury to the toe may also cause nerve compression and this may need medical intervention.

Foot inflicted with a bunion

More Serious Causes of Numbness in Your Toes

Uric Acid
High levels of uric acid in the blood can cause a condition called gout. This can also lead to numbness in the big toe. In order to ascertain uric acid levels, you have to undergo diagnostic tests. Once that is confirmed, the condition will have to be treated.

In case you are diabetic you have to be extremely cautious about your feet. Very often, diabetes is one of the leading causes of numbness in toes. If you notice pain or discoloration of the big toe along with the numbness, you must seek medical intervention before it is too late.

Bunions appear as a bump near the base of the big toe and it can be extremely painful. This may also cause numbness in the big toe. Bunions will have to be removed through a small surgical procedure.

Common Causes of Pain and Numbness in Your Thigh

There are a number of people who suffer from thigh pain as well as numbness in the thighs. This is a condition that can be very annoying. It can cause a lot of discomfort ruining your daily activities and will even cause disruption while sleeping. This pain may be caused due to a number of reasons and the treatment options will vary depending on the severity of the condition. In some cases, pain and numbness may be managed with medications and in some cases, it may require surgical intervention.

Thigh pain and numbness may be caused due to a variety of reasons. However, it can be minimized if certain measures are taken on a timely basis. Some of the causes and remedies are discussed below.

Acupressure mat for thigh pain

Using an acupressure mat can sometimes help to alleviate pain in your thighs
Using an acupressure mat can sometimes help to alleviate pain in your thighs

A pinched nerve can be the cause of thigh pain

Information is carried from the thigh to the brain by a nerve. When this nerve is squeezed it is termed as meralgiaparesthetica. This can happen due to trauma, swelling, or due to an increase in pressure in the groin area that may be caused due to a large belly (during pregnancy or due to obesity). The classic symptoms are burning sensation and thigh pain especially at night.

Other causes of thigh pain and numbness

Blood clot
Sometimes, a blood clot may be formed in the deep vein. This is called thrombus. Deep vein thrombosis can occur in these deep veins that are found in the legs and thighs. This can cause severe thigh pain and numbness. In such cases, immediate medical intervention would be required.

Torn Hamstring
The hamstring muscle group includes the semimembranosus, semitendinosus, and biceps femoris. Hamstrings are the tendons that are situated behind the knee. When there is a tear, pull, or injury to these hamstrings, it may result in severe pain in the thigh region, especially at the back of the thighs. The strain could be due to overstretching or inadequate stretching. Such strains and injuries can be easily avoided by performing regular hamstring strengthening exercises under proper guidance.

Sciatica is a condition that is caused when there is irritation of the sciatic nerve. This may begin as pain in the lower back and that pain may then radiate to the knees and thighs as well. Treatment options include medications, physical therapy, or even surgery.

Hamstring exercises you can do at home


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