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Common Gynecological Conditions You Should be Aware Of

Updated on January 6, 2021

Almost every woman experiences gynecological issues at some point during her reproductive lifetime. In the United States, the annual prevalence is 9.7 per 1,000 women, with menstrual problem being the most common one, according to an article by the National Centre for Biotechnology Information. Community based studies also report conditions like cervical erosion, vaginitis, pelvic inflammatory disease and cervicitis in Indian women.

These conditions affect the uterus, fallopian tubes, breasts, external genitalia and ovaries. It might lead to the impairment of the reproductive organs and even infertility. So, it is a good idea to have basic knowledge of these gynecological problems. This can help you identify the symptoms quickly and seek immediate treatment to avoid any serious health threats.


This is a condition in which the endometrial tissues grow outside the uterus. The common areas are the fallopian tubes, ovaries and beyond the pelvis. Sometimes, these can break and cause abnormal bleeding during menstruation. Excess blood causes the surrounding tissues to get inflamed, which produces scar tissue. Further, this leads to growth formations. When you notice symptoms like diarrhea, nausea and infertility, do consult the top gynaecologist in Delhi.

Uterine Fibroids
These are benign tumors which form in the uterus wall due to hormonal changes. They can be broadly categorized into Submucosal, Intramural and Subserosal fibroids. These originate from the smooth myometrium and neighboring tissues. Fibroids are non-cancerous in nature but cause unusual pelvic pain, frequent urination, vaginal bleeding and intestinal discomfort.

Chronic Pelvic Pain

This affects about 20% women and might last for six months or longer. You are likely to encounter crushing pain below the bellybutton and between the hips. Pain during intercourse, mood swings, discomfort during bowel movements and urination and cramping are the common indications of this condition. In case it impairs your ability to function, make sure to visit the top gynaecologist in Delhi.

Yeast Infection

If you notice vaginal irritation, soreness, itching or abnormal discharge, you might be suffering from an infection. These happens when the healthy yeast and bacteria balance changes and the yeast cells multiply. Make sure to treat the symptoms for quick relief. Depending on the severity of the condition, it might take up to 2 weeks to heal.

Menstrual Disorders

You might face heavy bleeding for multiple days in a row. This can be accompanied by cramps and clots. Further, there could be severe vaginal bleeding during sex, along with unbearable cramps. You might also get your periods too early or quite late, causing long-term complications. Consider visiting luxury birthing centers and consult gynecologists in case you notice spotting during pregnancy.

Cervical Dysplasia
This precancerous condition is defined by abnormal cell activities. It is caused by the human papillomavirus, where cell growth takes place on the cervix lining. This is the opening between the vagina and uterus and might develop at any age, especially after 30. It does not show any visible symptoms. Therefore, consider getting a PAP smear, which is the easiest way to detect its presence. You can also consider an HPV vaccine to protect against the virus.

Maintain virginal hygiene, drink plenty of water and practice safe sex. Also, don’t ignore the obvious symptoms. This can go a long way to lower the chances of multiple gynecological conditions.


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