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Cure and prevention of sunburns (Centurion)

Updated on November 19, 2015

Sun burns, is a description of a skin that is red, painful and at times swollen. Its main cause is the exposure of the skin to ultraviolet rays from the sun and any other artificial causes such as welding arcs. Its extent in the skin depends on the amount of exposure to the UV rays from the sun. This rays cause direct damage to the DNA cells and may result into cancer in some cases.

Signs and Symptoms

Symptoms may vary from person to another but there are common symptoms. Slight sunburns cause tenderness and a slight redness to the affected area. Severe sunburns may cause pain and at times, cause blistering which may require medical attention.

In some cases, symptoms include chills, nausea, vomiting and also fever that may go up to 102 degrees. In some extreme cases, there is weakness, and shock that may result in blood pressure.

Treatment

Treating of sun burns is required since it may cause severe damage if not treated. The most recommended action towards sunburn is taking immediate action.

Use of high quality moisturizing cream and lotion is required. You should also take plenty of fluids, steroid free inflammatory medications and also aspirin is required.

Application of products which contain aloe Vera, menthol, camphor and vitamin E can be used since they reduce inflammation. Itching can also be reduced by the use of hydrocortisone creams. For severe cases, oral steroid medication may be highly recommended. However, these steroids may be withheld in cases where blistering has occurred.

Prevention of sunburns

Use of sun blocks (sunscreens) is a common way used in prevention. These preparations contain sunburn protection factors which result in suppression of sunburns. Application of these sunscreens should be done at least 30 minutes before exposure to the sun. Reapplication should also be done another 30 minutes after exposure to the sun. More application is also required after activities such as swimming, rubbing or sweating. On should also use sunscreen products with sun protection factors of at least 30. Wearing of protective clothing during exposure to the sun could also help in prevention of sunburns. Supplementing your diet with enough vitamin A also helps in prevention.

Recommended time to go to the sun

Sunburn patients should also consider going to the sun at specific times to prevent any further damage. Since the sun’s rays get strongest at around 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. it is advisable to stay indoors or under shades during these periods.

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