Dangers due to obesity
Obesity and its hazards- Sedentary habits
Obesity is a persistent health hazard. This is because a person having obesity is more likely to suffer from the diseases connected with heart and blood vessels called cardiovascular diseases like hypertension (high blood pressure); arteriosclerosis (blockage of arteries); and coronary attack (heart attack). Let us discuss this in detail. It has been found that obese persons (fat persons) usually have more cholesterol in their blood. Cholesterol is a fatty substance which deposits which deposits in the blood arteries of the obese person. Due to the deposition of cholesterol, the passage of arteries becomes narrow and causes obstruction to the normal flow of blood through them. This restricted flow of blood through the arteries of an obese person (fat person) leads to diseases like hypertension, arteriosclerosis and coronary attack and may even prove fatal, that is, may even lead to death. These are the dangers of obesity.
Obese people (or fat people) should not take saturated fats like butter, ghee or vanaspati, because these saturated fats will increase the level of cholesterol in their blood and aggravate ( increase) their cardiovascular problems. Obese people 9or fat people) are advised to take diets containing unsaturated fats like edible oils ground – nut oil, etc.), because these oils contain unsaturated, essential fatty acids, which are effective in lowering the cholesterol level in the blood. A well controlled balanced diet and physical exercise can help reduce obesity caused by over – eating of food.
Obesity and diabetes
The person suffering from diabetes is unable to oxidise all the sugar in his blood. Due to this the sugar level in the blood of that person increases. Higher sugar level in the blood of a diabetic person increases the risk of many diseases. In some cases the person suffering from diabetes may get unconscious and even go into coma. It has been found that one of the factors responsible for causing diabetes in a person is obesity. So, a person suffering from diabetes should dry to reduce his body weight, by eating less starchy food and less fat. Here are some precautions to be observed by the obese people.
The obese people (fat people or over – weight people):-
a) should not take high carbohydrate (high starch) food. b) should not take saturated fats like butter, ghee and vanaspati. c) should not take fried foods. d) should take unsaturated fats like vegetable oil (and that too cautiously! e) should take less sugar in tea, milk etc.