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Dengue Fever Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Updated on April 9, 2017
Ashish Dadgaa profile image

Ashish Dadgaa is a healthcare consultant with 6years of experience in the medical industry. He writes about medical home remedies & secrets.

What is Dengue Fever?

The infection is developed by the bite of a striped Aedes aegypti mosquito that has formerly bitten a person who is suffering from dengue. Mosquito breed in water-filled window plants, plastic packs, and boxes. This mosquito grows throughout monsoon seasons. This is hazardous disease as one mosquito bite can cause the illness. Dengue is also known as a "breakbone fever". The person who is suffering from dengue always faces a problem like an intense pain in the bones, muscles, and joints, thus the name breakbone fever.

This fever is not contagious, it cannot be spread from individual to individual. It is mosquito-borne, so there should be a one individual-to-mosquito-to-another individual pathway. The full life cycle of this disease includes the mosquito as a receiver and the person as a source of virus.

Full Life Cycle of Dengue Disease.
Full Life Cycle of Dengue Disease. | Source

The Worldwide Spread Of Dengue

Every year as per the World Health Organization an approximated 390 million dengue virus taking place worldwide. Around 3.5 billion people, or 45 percent of the world's populace, live in regions where there is a danger of dengue virus.

Most cases happen in tropical regions of the world which are as follow:

  • Central and South America (except Argentina Paraguay and Chile)
  • The Caribbean (except Cayman Islands and Cuba)
  • The Indian subcontinent
  • The Pacific Islands
  • Southeast Asia
  • Taiwan
  • Africa
  • Mexico
  • Southern China


In the United States, most of the people faced dengue infection at the time of travelling overseas.
However, the risk of dengue is rising for people those who are living along the Texas-Mexico outskirt and in different parts of the southern United States.
In 2016, an eruption of dengue fever was recognized in Key West, Fla.

Cases of dengue disease worldwide.
Cases of dengue disease worldwide. | Source

Symptoms of Dengue Fever

The exact symptoms you get may depend on your age. In older children, teenagers, and adults, the most common symptoms of dengue are:

  • A headache
  • A fever that comes hastily and stays for two to seven days
  • A red rash that appears on your stomach, back or chest and spreads on your face and limbs
  • Vomiting and feeling sick
  • Joint and muscle pain
  • loss of hunger
  • Pain in your eyes

Dengue fever symptoms in the human body.
Dengue fever symptoms in the human body. | Source

The indications of dengue fever typically start between four and seven days after you get bitten by a contaminated mosquito.

Though, the disease could be so mild that you do not see any indication at all.
Kids with the dengue frequently have a fever with red rashes, however other symptoms are less.

These symptoms can be created by issues other than dengue fever. If you have currently traveled to any region that is impacted by dengue virus and have any of these dengue symptoms then immediately contact your doctor.

Symptoms of Dengue Virus Fluctuate upon the Seriousness of the Illness.

Mild Dengue Fever
Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF)
Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS)
Muscles and joint pain
Bleeding from gums and mouth
Drop in blood pressure
High fever
Significantly harmed veins and lymph
Extreme stomach pain
Headache
Drop in number of platelets in blood
Frequent vomiting
Feeling sick and Vomiting
Weak stomach
Disorientation
Loss of appetite
Nosebleeds
Death

Clinical Course of Dengue Fever

The course of dengue fever is separated into three stages. First is febrile stages, second is a critical stage, and third is recovery stage.

The febrile stage includes high fever, usually more than 40 °C (104 °F), and is linked with a headache and body pain. This typically endures for three to seven days. Dehydration, vomiting, and Nausea may also happen during this stage.

In a few people, the illness goes to a critical stage as fever gets better. In this period, there is spillage of plasma from the blood vessels, normally enduring one to two days. This may result in fluid accretion in the abdominal cavity and chest as well as diminution of fluid from the movement and reduced blood supply to essential organs.

The recovery stage happens next, with resorption of the released liquid into the bloodstream. This usually endures for three to four days. The improvement is frequently outstanding and it can go along with a slow heart rate and intense itching.

Different stages of dengue fever.
Different stages of dengue fever. | Source

Dengue Fever Diagnosis and Tests

The symptoms and signs of dengue are same like other infections, for example, malaria or typhoid fever, which can make it difficult to get an accurate and prompt diagnosis. To get a proper and accurate diagnose of dengue fever doctor will carry out following:

  1. Evaluate the symptoms:The doctor will check all your symptoms to appropriately analyze whether you have dengue. A few tests might be requested to figure out if it is a dengue virus, or something else.
  2. Blood Sample Test: This blood sample can analyze and test in the laboratory in various approaches to discover symptoms of the dengue infection. In case the dengue infection is identified then the diagnosis is simple; if this sample fails then there are other blood tests which can recognize antigens, nucleic acids, and antibodies.
  3. Analyze your medical history: The doctor should know your travel history and medicinal history, particularly if it includes mosquito exposure.

Treatment of Dengue Fever

There is no particular medication to treat dengue infection since dengue fever is triggered by a virus. Antiviral medicine is also not suggested for dengue illness. The medication is concerned for the relief of typical dengue signs and symptoms.

Home cures, for example, fluid intake and rest are essential. Pain reducers, for instance, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and aspirin should only have under doctor's supervision because there are chances of bleeding to get worse. Codeine and Acetaminophen might be given for muscle and joint pain and for a severe headache.

In this circumstance, many people are going towards some remedies to control this feared illness I have bought some of the most efficient home remedies for you.

Papaya Leaf Juice

A lot of studies and research have confirmed that papaya leaf juice is enormously useful and is one of the excellent home remedies for dengue illness. Therefore, once you are confident about the symptoms, try this home remedies instantly. It assists in growing the platelet count and decreases the sign of dengue fever like chills, body ache, nausea, feeling low and getting tired easily

  • Take a clean papaya leaf and chop it into slices. Make sure that you take off the veins.
  • Blend the leaves with 10 ml of cold water.
  • Crush the mixture and filter it
  • Drink the juice three to four times in a day.

Giloy

Giloy is an essential herb in Ayurveda. It assists in sustaining the metabolic rate, reinforcing the immune system and secures your body against diseases. You first boil the stems and then serve it as a natural drink. You can even add few holy basil leaves (Tulsi leaves) in the drink as per your taste.

Goldenseal

Goldenseal is a basil whose soaked root is utilized to make medication. It has the capability to clean up the signs of dengue illness rapidly and eradicate the infection from the body. It acts like papaya leaves. You utilize it in a similar way like papaya leaves either by juicing it or crushing or chewing it.

Fenugreek Leaves

These leaves are recognized as a fever reducer and act as a soothing agent to reduce the pain and give sound sleep to the patients. You can absorb the leaves in water and after that drink, it or else get a fenugreek powder and blend it with water and drink it.

Turmeric

It is very well known to improve metabolism and makes a curing process faster for dengue patient. You can have turmeric with warm milk.

Holy basil Leave (Tulsi Leaves) and Black Pepper

I would recommend you to have a drink created by Holy basil Leave (Tulsi Leaves) and add 3 grams of black pepper in it. This healthy drink will assist in strengthening your immunity system and works as an antibacterial element.

Prevention of Dengue Fever

At present, there aren't any immunizations or medication to prevent dengue infection. The good way to prevent getting dengue is to guard yourself from Aedes mosquitos bite.

The recommendation to prevent mosquito bites is as following:

  • Wear light-shaded, baggy, protective dress that wraps as much of your body as possible during the daylight and particularly at sunrise and sunset.
  • Use a bug repellent on your skin that is bare and on your dress – particularly around the loose area of your cloth, for example, cuffs and collars. Repellents include a chemical known as DEET (N,N-Diethyl-meta-toluamide) are consider as the excellent.
  • Utilize plug-in devices with bug sprays chemical in them to eradicate mosquitoes.
  • Sleep inside a mosquito net treated with insecticides to evade being bitten while sleeping.
  • Avoid such corners where mosquitoes breed (generally in stagnant water in domestic vessels, flower pots, and garden). Try to get rid of such stagnate water or cover them.

It is essential to follow these precautionary measures during sunrise and sunset, as this is the time when Aedes mosquito is very active. Though, it is significant to keep in mind that the Aedes mosquito can bite during any time of the daylight or in dark. Ensure that every time you take required precautions to minimize the hazard of getting dengue virus.

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© 2017 Ashish Dadgaa

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    • Ashish Dadgaa profile image
      Author

      Ashish Dadgaa 5 months ago

      @Sakina,

      Thank you so much, Sakina for your feedback. Yeah, you are right this is the biggest problem is India. I hope my work help others and minimise theirs problem.

      Bless you.

    • Ashish Dadgaa profile image
      Author

      Ashish Dadgaa 5 months ago

      @Dora,

      Thank you so much, Dora. I have written this hub for people to is suffering from this illness. This is from my personal experience as I had this infection 1 years back and I was painful so thought to help others through my painful experience.

      Thank you

    • SakinaNasir53 profile image

      Sakina Nasir 5 months ago from Kuwait

      Great hub Ashish, my dear friend. Dengue is a big problem, especially in India. This is going to be so helpful. Thanks for sharing this with us. :)

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Isaac Weithers 5 months ago from The Caribbean

      Thank you for this very useful article on suggestive methods for preventing and remedying dengue fever. Good information.