ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Designing with Baby in Mind – Engineering Standards for Children’s Products

Updated on July 8, 2020
tamarawilhite profile image

Tamara Wilhite is a technical writer, an industrial engineer, a mother of two, and a published sci-fi and horror author.

Engineering Standards for Children and Infant's Products

Children are not little adults, and engineering standards have evolved to take that into account. Products for use by children must meet different standards that products for adults, and infant products must meet rigorous safety and performance standards.

ANSI Standards for Baby Products

AAMI II36 was the FDA recognized safety standard for baby incubators. AAMI II36 was ANSI approved. It has been replaced by AAMI 60601-2-19, also ANSI approved. For many other American products, engineers should reference ASTM standards for guidance for designing for babies and young children.

ASTM Standards for Infant and Children’s Products

ASTM D4910 gives the range of body measurements for infants from preemie (prematurely born infants) to children up to 24 months of age.
ASTM F2951 gives the American standards for baby monitors to ensure that they are safe for use near young children.ASTM F2388 is the standard for domestic changing tables.

ASTM F966 was the safety standard for baby crib corner post extensions. It was withdrawn in 2000 without replacement. UL 2275 was the Underwriter's Laboratory standard for full size cribs, but it was withdrawn in 2001. ASTM F1169, the safety specification for full size baby cribs, is still in effect.

ASTM F406 is the ASTM safety specification for play yards.

ASTM F2670 is the safety standard for baby bath tubs. ASTM F1967 is the safety standard for baby bath seats.

ASTM F2167 is the safety standard for infant bouncer seats. ASTM F2088 gives the safety standards for baby swings. ASTM F2236 gives the safety specifications for soft infant carriers.

European Standards for Children’s Products

BSI BS 7368 is officially called the "specification for babies’ elastomeric feeding bottle teats". For the rest of us, this is the standard for the plastic nipples on baby bottles. This standard was first published in 1990 and renewed in 1997 and 2012.

DS EN 1400 is the standard for soothers designed for infants and toddlers.

DS EN 1273 is the standard for baby walking frames, including the methods used to test them. This standard replaced BSI BS 4648.

BSI BS 5239 was the European standard for dummies that simulated infants during testing. This standard was withdrawn in 1991. It has been replaced by BSI BS EN 1400 parts 1 through 3.

BSI BS 4139 was the safety standard for baby carriages, also called preambulators. It has been replaced by BSI BS 7409. BSI BS EN 1929 is the standard for basket trolleys used to carry children.

BSI BS 4578 is the safety specification for testing the hardness of infant pillows and how well they allow air flow through. This safety standard is intended to ensure that infant pillows do not pose a suffocation hazard for babies.

AENOR UNE 40902 is the Spanish safety standard for clothing for babies.

DIN 13233 was the German standard for emergency doctor's kits intended for pediatric patients. DIN 13233 has been replaced by DIN 13232.

ISO Standards for Children’s Products

ISO 28803 is an ergonomic standard to accommodate of people with special requirements, including babies in addition to the disabled.
ISO 18778 is the standard for respiratory infant monitors.

Various federal and ASTM standards apply to safety devices like infant car seats.
Various federal and ASTM standards apply to safety devices like infant car seats. | Source

Government Standards for Infant and Children’s Products

16 CFR PART 1215 is the federal safety standard for baby bath seats. 16 CFR PART 1216 is the U.S. government's standard for infant walkers.
16 CFR PART 1219 is the U.S. federal safety standard for full size baby cribs. It went into effect on June 28, 2011. 16 CFR PART 1220 is the
safety standard for baby cribs that are not classified as full size. This safety standard also went into effect on June 28, 2011.
16 CFR PART 1501 is the safety standard for identifying toys that pose a choking or inhalation hazard for children under three years old.
16 CFR PART 1130 sets consumer registration requirements for infant and toddler products in case they need to be recalled later.
FMVSS 49 CFR 571 71 FR 14675 was a proposed rule to the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards that would have exempted pregnant women from wearing seat belts. This rule as denied because of the greater risk of harm to a pregnant woman and her baby in an impact without a seat belt than the low risk of harm if she wore a seat belt while pregnant.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)