A Pictorial Representation Of Chronic Bronchitis
Chronic Bronchitis manifests not only on its own, but together with Emphysema to form Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). COPD is characterized by poorly reversible airflow limitation that is usually progressive and associated with a persistent inflammatory response of the lungs. COPD is now the preferred term for patients previously diagnosed as having chronic bronchitis or emphysema.
So, this hub will strictly be a pictorial representation of this respiratory pathology as there are already enough articles on Chronic Bronchitis or COPD.
Chronic Bronchitis In Chest X-Rays
Long-term exposure to these irritants causes an inflammatory response in the lungs resulting in narrowing of the small airways and breakdown of lung tissue known as emphysema | Source
The diagnosis is based on poor airflow as measured by lung function tests. In contrast to asthma, the airflow reduction does not improve significantly with the administration of medication. | Source
COPD can be prevented by reducing exposure to the known causes. This includes efforts to decrease rates of smoking and to improve indoor and outdoor air quality. COPD treatments include: quitting smoking, vaccinations, rehabilitation, and often inhal | Source
Some people may benefit from long-term oxygen therapy or lung transplantation. In those who have periods of acute worsening, increased use of medications and hospitalization may be needed. | Source
Worldwide, COPD affects 329 million people or nearly 5% of the population. In 2011, it ranked as the fourth leading cause of death, killing over 3 million people. The number of deaths is projected to increase due to higher smoking rates and an agi | Source
The most common symptoms of COPD are sputum production, shortness of breath and a productive cough. These symptoms are present for a prolonged period of time and typically worsen over time | Source
It is unclear if different types of COPD exist. While previously divided into emphysema and chronic bronchitis, emphysema is only a description of lung changes rather than a disease in and of itself, and chronic bronchitis is simply a descriptor o | Source
A chronic cough is usually the first symptom to occur. When it exists for more than three months a year for more than two years, in combination with sputum production and without another explanation, there is by definition chronic bronchitis. This co | Source
he amount of sputum produced can change over hours to days. In some cases the cough may not be present or only occurs occasionally and may not be productive. Some people with COPD attribute the symptoms to a "smoker's cough". | Source
Sputum may be swallowed or spat out, depending often on social and cultural factors. Vigorous coughing may lead to rib fractures or a brief loss of consciousness. Those with COPD often have a history of "common colds" that last a long time | Source
1. All X-ray photos here are from DFM E-Group, in the photo and X-ray section.
2. Notes and explanations: Wikipedia, Essentials of Clinical Medicine by Kumar and Clark's, Medicinenet and Mayor's Clinic.