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Diabetes: Facts and Ways of Controlling the Deadly Disease

Updated on March 24, 2017

Do You Have It?

Do you or someone in your household have Diabetes?

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What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a family of metabolic diseases that keep the body's blood sugar levels very high. Diabetes can be controlled with medication (whether the medication is in pill form or a shot of insulin), insulin pump, exercise and a proper diet. Watching the sugar levels in your blood is vital. Some people check their blood sugar two or three times a day but, some people have a monitor that tells them their blood sugar reading every single hour.

Diabetes can be controlled but, if it's left alone it can be dangerous and even deadly. It affects the feet, hands, kidneys, eyes and heart among other organs. Heart failure, strokes and diabetic comas, diabetic retinopathy, can occur if this disease is not properly treated and controlled. Pay close attention, to those in your family with diabetes, just to make sure they are okay and taking their med are eating properly.

Check Your Blood Sugar

Check your blood sugar to make sure it's not too high or too low.  Use an alcohol pad to clean off the finger and the excess blood.
Check your blood sugar to make sure it's not too high or too low. Use an alcohol pad to clean off the finger and the excess blood. | Source

Types of Diabetes

Type 1
Type 2
Gestational Diabetes
 
 
 
The three common types of diabetes.

Take Your Medication

Check Blood Sugar: Check your blood sugar at least twice during the day and, if you have high blood sugar such as over 150 you will need to cut out any consumption of sugar until the blood sugar readings are down within the range that the doctor has told you. It is of extreme importance to always know the level of your blood sugar in order to keep it in check. If your blood sugar ever raises to an unsafe level such as near 500 or more it would be a good idea to go to the emergency room, if you are not feeling like yourself.

Take Insulin: Take your pill or your shots as Doctor ordered. It's very important to follow this step if your a diabetic. Some shots require that you take the insulin 15 minutes before you eat and some it doesn't matter about food at all. Just be sure and take the proper dosage at the right time.

Food Pyramid For Diabetics

This food pyramid shows the ways diabetics should look at and consume foods. Controlling sugar and carbohydrates intake is the key to a proper diabetic diet.
This food pyramid shows the ways diabetics should look at and consume foods. Controlling sugar and carbohydrates intake is the key to a proper diabetic diet. | Source

Proper Diet is a Must!

Eat at least three meals per day and just watch the sugar count and the carbohydrate count and you will be fine. Remember it's not just sweets, bread and soft drinks. That have sugar. Bread is full of carbs which break down, unfortunately, to sugar. Items to cut down on would be anything with sugar which are obvious sweets like candy bars, candy and ice cream, soft drinks and sweet tea. The sweets to watch out for that are carbs that turn to sugar and are not obvious to some are: bread (bread, rolls, buns, biscuits, etc.), and potatoes (French fries, baked potatoes, etc.

Watch when eating fruit that you are not overdoing it. A little fruit goes a long way. Bananas are quite high in sugar. Eating fruits and plenty of vegetables is a great way to substitute a fruit for a bread. Just remember to eat three to four times per day. This means small meals, not full meals each time you sit down to eat. Take your shots or pills before or after you eat, depending on doctor's orders. A doctor can get you a good schedule for eating and a list of what you should eat to make everything easier to get adjusted to.

Diabetic's Should Workout

Jogging and/or walking are great exercises for a person suffering from Diabetes. Also, using a tread mill or other device in your home is a good idea.
Jogging and/or walking are great exercises for a person suffering from Diabetes. Also, using a tread mill or other device in your home is a good idea. | Source

Diabetes Overview Video

Exercise is important for a diabetic

The best exercises are going to be the ones that increase the heart rate and work the entire body. The main ones would be: running, jogging, walking, swimming and any exercise on a treadmill or similar machine. Also, any sporting activities are helpful as long as they are not too much to handle. Sports such as: badminton, basketball and volleyball.

Forget the old adage that says no pain, no gain. You should be remember to train, do not strain. Working out is great but, do not over do it. Four days a week is a good amount of exercise per week. Of course walking everyday is great though.

To make exercise a part of everyday life just set aside 30 minutes four days per week, morning, afternoon or nighttime. Just do what you can and then rest until you feel like you have caught your breath again and continue trucking it. If your walking or jogging wear an Ipod and listen to music. This will help you pass the time. Walking the dog with you is a great way to pass the time. If you have to be inside on a treadmill, watch television or the news while you walk to help the time go by.

Have a caretaker or family member's help

Nobody should have to go at it alone in the battle with this disease. To be honest some diabetics may forget their medicine. Having a routine to follow is very important and really following the routine, sometimes takes a little help or at least some motivation.

Eat, take medication and exercise during the same time frame each day. The key is to keep the blood sugar to between a level of say 75-150. Never let the nurse or friend do everything for you because, you still need independence. The family member or caretaker is their to assist you when and where needed.

My mother has type 2 diabetes and I help take care of her. She eats three meals per day, checks her blood sugar twice per day and takes insulin shots twice per day before she eats her meals. For the mot part, her blood sugar stays under good control if, I make sure he stays on her routine.

* Please share your thought and opinions about this deadly disease by leaving comments in the capsule located at the bottom of this article.

Foods for Diabetics

Diabetic Ulcer on the bottom of Foot

Diabetics have to be careful and control their sugar levels so that they do not lose any limbs.,
Diabetics have to be careful and control their sugar levels so that they do not lose any limbs., | Source

Symptoms of a Diabetic

These signs are not specific to just diabetics but, most diabetics show many of these signs. Just remember diabetes effect the entire body.

Hands tingling and/or going numb

Feet going numb and/or getting sores

Having trouble seeing clearly

Feeling tired all the time

Staring off in space

Laughing or acting out of it

Forgetting things that you normally remember

Becoming dizzy on a regular basis

Blurred Vision

Skin becomes ashy and extremely itchy feeling

Vomiting and / or Nausea


If your a diabetic and start to experience these symptoms it's best to talk to your Doctor and explain the situation to him or her. Usually, if a Diabetic Doctor can see you early on you can fix the problem before it gets out of hand.

What is Diabetes? (Cartoon Video)

© 2014 Buster Johnson

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