- Diseases, Disorders & Conditions
Diabetes Type I and II
You can be diagnosed with type I diabetes at any age but it is commonly diagnosed in childhood. It has also been titled insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) because insulin injections must be taken daily. Some of the type I diabetes symptoms are increased urination, increased thirst, weight loss, and increased appetite. A lot of the time people will notice these symptoms after they recover from an illness like a cold or the flu. This is dangerous because they may equate these symptoms with the illness that they have or had like the cold or the flue. If this is the case the symptoms can get worse and a person may develop symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis before they seek medical attention. Flushed, hot, dry skin, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, vomiting, Strong, fruity breath odor, fast and shallow breathing, restlessness, drowsiness, difficulty waking up, confusion, or coma are some of the symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis. The main risk factor for type I diabetes is family history. If you have someone in your immediate family that has this type of diabetes it is a very high risk factor. Another risk factor for type I diabetes is any diseases of the pancreas. The pancreas is where your body produces insulin and if this is damaged your body may not be able to produce the insulin that your body needs.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes and is most commonly developed in adulthood, but because of the epidemic of obesity in children these days more and more children are developing type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is when there is too much sugar in the blood. This occurs when your body is unable to properly deal with insulin. In many cases with type 2 diabetes a person may show little or no symptoms at all. If a person does show symptoms they may include increased thirst, increased urination, increased appetite, fatigue, blurred vision, frequent or slow healing infections, and erectile dysfunction. When a person is insulin resistant it meant that the insulin produced by your body can not get inside fat and muscle cells to provide energy and because of this your body makes more insulin to try and make up for it and that will cause high blood sugar or hyperglycemia. Studies have shown that the biggest and most common risk factor for type 2 diabetes is obesity or being overweight. As long as I can remember diabetes has been tied in with obesity and being overweight. Other type 2 diabetes risk factors include impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose, insulin resistance, ethnic background, high blood pressure, history of gestational diabetes, sedentary lifestyle, family history, poly cystic ovary syndrome, and age.
Lower Your Risk Factors
It seems that over the past 10 to 15 years obesity and diabetes has exploded in our country. There are many things that you can do to lower your risk factors for both type I and type 2 diabetes. Probably the best thing you can do for yourself is to lose weight. The more you weigh the harder it is on your body to produce the proper amount of insulin that your body needs. Another thing you can do is to exercise more. Walking at least 20 minutes a day is a great exercise. Some studies at the University of California Los Angeles found that increasing muscle mass may help lower your risk as well, so throwing in a little weight lifting with your walking or running can go a long way. Eating more fiber and whole grains will help to improve your blood sugar. It is very beneficial to load up on fruits, vegetables, beans, nuts and seeds. Non fat dairy products, fish, brown rice and whole wheat pasta are also something that can be very beneficial to add to your diet and you also want to resist your sweet tooth. I think this goes without say but one thing that will help reduce your risk factors not only for diabetes but for countless other illnesses is to not smoke. Smoking is so bad for you in many ways.
Both of these types of diabetes can be hard to live with but they are not imposable to live with. If you take care of your body and make the necessary changes you can significantly lower your modifiable risk factors. Diabetes is something that is affecting so many people and we need to do everything we can to lower our risk factors. As a whole we need to do a better job and meeting all of the requirements of overall health and wellness. When we do this we lower our risk factors for all illnesses.