- Diseases, Disorders & Conditions
Diabetes – the dreadful, irreversible disease spreading like wild fire worldwide!
What is diabetes?
Diabetes Mellitus or more commonly known as diabetes is classed as a metabolism disorder. Metabolism is the way our body digests food that we consume for energy and growth. Most of the food we eat is broken down into glucose. Glucose is a form of sugar in our blood and it is the primary source of fuel for our bodies. After digestion, glucose enters our bloodstream but it cannot enter our cells without the presence of insulin.
Insulin makes it possible for glucose to enter our cells. As such, our pancreas produces an adequate quantity of insulin during digestion. This would then enable glucose present in our blood to enter our cells which then decreases our blood-glucose levels. When our body does not produce enough insulin, our blood-glucose levels remain high and this is known as hyperglycemia. This would then result in excess blood-glucose which is passed out of our bodies in urine and that the cells are not getting glucose for essential energy and growth requirements.
What is insulin and why do we need it?
So what are the different types of Diabetes?
In Type 1 Diabetes, our body does not produce insulin. Some people may refer to this type as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes or early on-set diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is not as common as type 2 diabetes and happens often in early adulthood or teenage years.
Understanding Type 1 Diabetes
With Type 2 Diabetes, our body does not produce enough insulin or the cells develop insulin resistant. With the lack of insulin, glucose remains in our blood leading to high glucose-blood levels. This would then eventually lead to serious health problems.
Understanding Type 2 Diabetes
You can also have prediabetes. This means that your blood glucose is higher than normal level but not high enough to be termed as diabetes. Having prediabetes puts you at a greater risk of getting Type 2 Diabetes.
Pregnant women can have gestational diabetes. This is when some women have very high levels of glucose into their cells, resulting in progressively rising levels of diabetes.
Without proper care and treatment, it can be detrimental to your health!
Over a period of time, with the accumulated glucose in your blood, it will cause considerable health issues to you. It can damage your eyes, kidneys, nerves and more. Diabetes can also cause heart disease, stroke, hypertension and even the need to amputate a certain limb.
To understand more about diabetes, simply click the link below!
- Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments
Learn all about type 1 and type 2 diabetes with our guide to symptoms, causes, treatments, food planning and more
Blood tests can show if you have diabetes or how you are managing your diabetes. Exercise, weight control, controlled meal plan, monitoring of blood glucose level and prescribed medication daily help with your diabetes.
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