IBS vs IBD - Proper diagnosing is needed to differentiate between IBS and IBD
Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a disorder which causes various abdominal discomforts such as cramping, abdominal pain, Diarrhea, Constipation etc. IBS is not inflammatory bowel disease; it is just a disorder where your colon reacts differently despite having no structural problem in the bowel. That means Irritable bowel syndrome is not serious like Crohn or ulcerative colitis. However it is very annoying and stressful condition.
Many people consider themselves as IBS patient without any valid test, when they have these symptoms for a longer period of time. You can only diagnose yourself as IBS patient when you rule out all the other possibilities. That means you must have test first to consider yourself as IBS patient.
The main causes of IBS are not well understood. It is a disorder where your brain does not function properly to control your intestine. Stress and anxiety might trigger the symptoms.
There are many people who think they have IBS and do not bother to do any test which could bring dangerous results in the future. This is why I recommend people to consult with a good certified gastroenterologist to find out the actual problem. Endoscopy/Colonoscopy is the best way to diagnose any gastroenterological disease. All the IBS patients should also test for Helicobacter Pylori and other parasites. Bacterial infection is one of the most common cause of Ulcers and GERD. More than 60% of the populations are infected with Helicobacter Pylori Bacteria. But fortunately most of them do not have any major symptom. Therefore treatment is not necessary for the people who do not have any symptom. However those who has symptoms such as gastric, abdominal pain, ulcers etc must get rid of H. Pylori.
If your colonoscopy result shows any sign of ulcers in the intestine then doctor should do a bioscopy to diagnose the exact IBD such as, Crohn, Celiac disease etc. Some people get ulcers in the intestine because of using NSAID (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug).
If your test does not show any sign of the above mentioned things, then you can consider yourself as an IBS patient. Follow the right diet and lifestyle to stay away from the symptoms. On the other hand if you can diagnose your actual problem on the right time, then take proper medication to find a cure or at least to avoid serious complication in the future.