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Dog rose (Rosa canina L.)

Updated on June 4, 2012
Dog rose hips (Rosa canina L.)
Dog rose hips (Rosa canina L.) | Source

This bush grows practically everywhere, so it will not be hard for you to gather some fresh hips.

Beside roads, near forests, some lower mountains (up to 1600 meters).

It is very easy to distinguish from another bushes. Grows to 3 meters tall (10 feet) with lots of thorny stems, either brown or green (depending on age). The leaves are grouped (5 to 7) and are also thorny.

It blooms between May and June.

Blossoms are 5-leaved, pink or white - often grouped in 3 to 5, but can also grow single. Specific rose aroma, which often attracts bees and small wasps which help pollinate the blossoms.

In some parts of the world, apiarists (beekeepers) are growing large patches of dog roses around the beehives. They produce rose hip honey. One proven healthy and with high quality.

Health benefits of the rose hip

  • Improves immune system (Vitamin C)
  • Helps the kidneys to excrete small stones naturally.
  • Ease stomach pain from overeating.
  • Helps stop internal bleeding.
  • Reduces bleeding in female periods.
  • Avitaminosis

Blooming dog rose bush (Rosa canina L.)
Blooming dog rose bush (Rosa canina L.) | Source

Gathering and drying

The useful part is the rose hip, when completely mature but still hard.

(The best time to gather them is between September and October, before the cold freezes the hips)

The rose hips are shiny red, filled with hard yellow seeds.

They need to be dried in herbal drier with temperature around 100 C. Drying the hips naturally is hard, because the hot days are over and you risk spoiling the whole harvest with mold and fungi.

When dry, the hips don't have any distinctive aroma. They still have sour taste because of the ascorbic acid inside.

Approximately 12% humidity can be allowed in the dry rose hip without risk of mold.

You may keep the dry herb in paper bags or herbal boxes for 6 months. After this, most of the vitamins will be lost.

Keep the hips away from other dried herbs or food (such as dried red peppers) because they attract seed-eating parasites very often.

Dog rose blossoms (Rosa canina L.)
Dog rose blossoms (Rosa canina L.) | Source

Nutrients

The most important one is Vitamin C.

100 grams of rose hips provide approximately 450mg vitamin C.

About 160 calories with 40 grams of carbohydrates and ~2 grams of protein. (and lots of Insoluble fibers)

Other important micronutrients include Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids and some bioflavonoids. They are extracted from the seeds by crushing them (see below).

Infusions, wines and decoctions

The tea is very easy.

  • 1 tablespoon rose hips are crushed or chopped.
  • Boil for 10 minutes, sift and drink.

Add honey if you like.

DO NOT crush and chop the hips with metal knife or mortar. Iron destroys vitamin C.

Topical decoction.

  • Crush finely 3 tablespoons of rose hip seeds and put in a small bottle of olive oil for 2 months. (about 300 ml or one cup oil is just fine)
  • Keep in dark stove, far from sunlight.

The decoction is very good skin moisturizer and is recommended for dry flaky skin.

It also improves ellasticity and regenerates broken tissues.

Rose hip "wine"

Okay, it's not truly wine. But it is sour-sweet and quite good with dinner.

Get a large mixing bowl and a wine jug with wide bottleneck and good cap.

  • Half kilogram (one pound) of dried hips are crushed and put in the mixing bowl.
  • Add half kilogram (one pound) of sugar and mixed with the crushed hips.
  • Let it rest for 20 minutes.
  • 4 liters of water are added and mixed well, until the sugar disolves completely.

Put the whole mix in the jug and close/screw the cap.

It is ready in 6-7 days. You need to shake the jug few times every other day, so the sugar and the nutrients mix in the liquid.

This wine has all the properties of the herbal tea infusion, but I find It tastier and more enjoyable.

Filter and keep in bottles. It is good for one month.

Dog rose flower. (Rosa canina L.)
Dog rose flower. (Rosa canina L.) | Source

Comments

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    • mecheshier profile image

      mecheshier 4 years ago

      Nice Hub. Great pics and info. Did you know that rose hips are one of the highest forms of vitamin C? Voted up on useful and added you to my follow list (voted Great Hubs)

    • m0rd0r profile image
      Author

      Stoill Barzakov 4 years ago from Sofia, Bulgaria

      Yes, I know. It is the best and most affordable source of vitamin C worldwide.

      There are 2 fruits with higher quantities, but they are native to small countries which don't export them, while the dog rose hips are growing everywhere.

      Thank you for voting and following.

    • thelyricwriter profile image

      Richard Ricky Hale 4 years ago from West Virginia

      Voted up, useful, awesome, and interesting. Great job on all this useful information and benefits m0rd0r. I never knew any of this. I have heard of it before, possibly seen them, but not 100% sure. Great informative article.

    • Daisy Mariposa profile image

      Daisy Mariposa 4 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

      Stoill (m0rd0r),

      Thanks for publishing another useful, informative article. I had heard the term *rose hips* before, but I really didn't know anything about them until now.

      You're doing a great service to the community by informing us about so many herbal products and natural remedies.

    • Gypsy Rose Lee profile image

      Gypsy Rose Lee 4 years ago from Riga, Latvia

      Voted up and useful. Here in this part of the world Latvia rose hips as we most often call them are very popular in all forms especially as tea. If we don't buy the tea in stores we go out on nature walks and pick rose hips as they grow most everywhere. Some of the added benefits I wasn't aware of so thanks for sharing and passing this on.

    • m0rd0r profile image
      Author

      Stoill Barzakov 4 years ago from Sofia, Bulgaria

      Thank you Daisy and thank you Rose Lee.

      They are currently blooming, and it is very nice to see and smell them.

    • Angelo52 profile image

      Angelo52 4 years ago from Central Florida

      I have never seen these roses but your article explains everything well. Liked the photos too.

    • rebeccamealey profile image

      Rebecca Mealey 4 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA

      HMMM! I will have to do some investigating and see if I can find the dog rose here in Georgia. Thanks for this great and healthful info!

    • Vellur profile image

      Nithya Venkat 4 years ago from Dubai

      Great information. Useful remedies. Never seen this one in real but your pictures are amazing.

    • cloverleaffarm profile image

      Healing Herbalist 4 years ago from The Hamlet of Effingham

      One of my favorite herbs! Great hub. I could taste them as I read it. I make Rosehip Syrup all the time. Many of my customers give it to their kids. Thanks for sharing.

    • m0rd0r profile image
      Author

      Stoill Barzakov 4 years ago from Sofia, Bulgaria

      Thank you Angelo, thank you Vellur.

      Rebecca, here is the map --- http://www.nps.gov/plants/alien/map/roca1.htm

    • RedElf profile image

      RedElf 4 years ago from Canada

      I didn't know that iron destroys Vitamin c - I take it it's OK to use stainless steel?

    • m0rd0r profile image
      Author

      Stoill Barzakov 4 years ago from Sofia, Bulgaria

      Still not Red Elf, sorry.

      Iron will destroy the vitamin C (ascorbic acid) on touch, every time you cut herbs, leaves, cherries or other vitamin-rich herbal parts.

      You need to use ceramic or wooden tools for herbal gathering and processing.

    • profile image

      KDuBarry03 4 years ago

      Definitely very useful information here. Thank you for sharing!

      -KD

    • cloverleaffarm profile image

      Healing Herbalist 4 years ago from The Hamlet of Effingham

      You are SO right, m0rd0r. When working with herbs, you should never let it touch any kind of metal! You're so smart!

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